Kagoshima Main Line
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Kagoshima Main Line|
Ariake limited express train
|Locale||Fukuoka, Kumamoto and Kagoshima Prefecture|
|Owner||JR Kyushu, JR Freight|
|Operator(s)||JR Kyushu, JR Freight, Hisatsu Orange Railway|
|Rolling stock||415 series, 811 series, 813 series, 815 series, 817 series, 783 series, 787 series, 883 series, 885 series, KiHa 72, Hisatsu Orange Railway HSOR-100|
|Line length||285.3 km (177.3 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||20 kV AC 60 Hz overhead|
|Operating speed||130 km/h (80 mph)|
The Kagoshima Main Line (鹿児島本線 Kagoshima-honsen?) is a major railway line operated by the Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) between Mojikō in Kitakyushu, and Kagoshima Station in Kagoshima City, at the southern end of Kyushu. Until March 13, 2004, it extended 393 km between its two termini; however, with the opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen on March 13, the section between Yatsushiro and Sendai was transferred to the third-sector Hisatsu Orange Railway Company. The line is an important line in Kyushu, connecting Fukuoka (Hakata Station) to many other major cities. It is the main line through the Fukuoka urban district, and as such many long-distance express trains from all parts of Kyushu use the section between Kokura Station (Kitakyushu) and Tosu Station, where the Nagasaki Main Line meets the Kagoshima Main Line.
The Kyushu Railway Co. opened the 197 km Moji - Hakata - Kumamoto section section between 1889 and 1891, and extended the line south to Yatsushiro by 1896. The Moji - Kokura section was double-tracked in 1987, and the company was nationalised in 1907.
At the southern end the line from Kagoshima - Hayato (now part of the Nippo Main Line) opened as part of the Hisatsu Line in 1901. The Hayato - Yoshimatsu section of the Hisatsu line opened in 1903, the Yatsushiro - Hitoyoshi section opened in 1908 and the Hitoyoshi - Yoshimatsu section in 1909, providing the original connection from Kagoshima to Yatsushiro.
The Kagoshima - Sendai line opened 1913-14, and the Sendai - Yatsushiro section opened between 1922-27, at which time this route replaced the Hisatsu Line to become the southern part of the Kagoshima Main Line.
Further duplication, the 14km Kokura - Kurosaki section (on a new alignment to the west of the original line) opened in 1908, and was completed to Hakata by 1913. Duplication south of Hakata to Tosu opened 1917-21, with Tosu - Hizen Asahi opening 1934, and to Kurume in 1942. The next section to Araki was duplicated in 1961, to Kumamoto in 1968 and Yatsushiro in 1970. The Yunoura - Tsunagi section was duplicated between 1966 and 1968. Duplication from Kagoshima - Higashichiki opened 1969-80.
The 114km Moji - Kurume section was electrified in 1961, extended to Kumamoto in 1965 and to Kagoshima in 1970. CTC signalling was commissioned from Yatsushiro - Higashichiki in 1969/70 and was extended north and south to Kumamoto and Kagoshima (respectively) in 1971.
Former connecting lines
The original Kokura - Kurosaki alignment avoided the coastline due to the Japanese army expressing concern at the vulnerability of a coastal route to enemy naval gunfire. A 3km 'Kokura Bypass' line (junctioning 2km north of Kokura) to the Nippo Main Line was opened in 1903 for the same reason. However, following Japan's success in the 1904 Russo-Japanese War, this concern diminished and the Kokura - Kurosaki section was rebuilt (and duplicated) on a new easier (though 3km longer) alignment to the west of the original line in 1908. The original 11km section was then renamed the Okura Line and operated until 1911, when it closed together with the Kokura Bypass line.
- Ongagawa station -
The 11km line to Muroki operated 1908-85.
A 6km 762mm (2'6") gauge line to Nishiashiya operated from 1915 to 1932. The Ashiya airfield was occupied by the USAF in 1945, and a 1067mm (3'6") gauge line was built on the formation of the 762mm gauge line to serve the airfield in 1947. Trains were 'mixed' (ie. freight wagons with a passenger car attached) and only available to US military personnel until 1950. The Korean War extended the use of the airfield by the USAF, and the line closed in 1961.
- Yoshizuka station - The 14km line to Chikuzenkatsuta opened 1918/19, hauling coal until the mine closed in 1965. The line closed in 1985.
- Futsukaichi station - The 26km light railway (using 12kg/m rail) to Amagi operated 1908/12 - 1940.
- Hainuzuka station - The 20km Yabe Line to Kuroki opened as a 915mm (3') gauge line in 1903, closing in 1940. The line was rebuilt as a 1067mm gauge line in 1945. Freight services ceased in 1978, and the line closed in 1985.
- Setaka station -
- The 24km line to Saga (on the Nagasaki Main Line) opened 1931-35, and closed in 1987. This line crossed three major watercourses by substantial bridges.
- The Kyushu Fertiliser Co. operated a 14km line to Nankan from 1921/22 - 1938.
- The 8km 915mm (3') gauge line to Yanagawa line operated 1911-32.
- Omuta station - The Mitsui Mining Co. opened a 19km line to Miike-ko coal mine in 1891. Two branch lines, 4 & 3km long, were subsequently opened, closing in 1985 and 1969 respectively. Passenger services ceased in 1984. The majority of the system closed in 1997, when the coal fired power stations at Omuta supplied by the line converted to oil, with a 2km section to Miyaura freight yard remaining to serve a chemical plant.
- Arao station - The 5km line to Midorigaoka, electrified at 500 VDC, operated 1949-64.
- Ueki station - The 20km line to Yamaga operated 1917/23 - 1965.
- Kamikumamototo - The 22 km 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge Kumamoto Light Railway to Otsu opened between 1907 and 1914, with a 2.4 km branch to Suizenji. Despite proposals to regauge the line to 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge and electrify it, the anticipated development of the area did not occur at an acceptable rate and the line was closed in 1921.
- Minamata station - The first section of the Yamano line was opened from Kurino (on the Hisatsu Line) 24km to Yamano in 1921. The 14km Minamata - Kugino section opened in 1934, and the 10 km Yamano - Satsuma section the following year. In 1937 the 8km Kugino - Satsuma section, including the Okawa spiral opened. Freight services ceased in 1986, and the line closed in 1988.
- Sendai station - The Kawamiya Railway co. commenced construction of a line towards Satsumaoguchi (on the Yamano line) in 1917. Construction was suspended in 1921, and the company was nationalised in 1923. Construction (as the Miyanojo Line) recommenced that year, and the 66km line opened in stages 1924/37, closing in 1987.
- Kami Ijuin station - The Kagoshima Prefectural Government opened the 50km line to Makurazaki between 1914 and 1931. The JR Ibusuki Makurazaki Line connected when it opened in 1963. The line was closed in 1984 following landslides caused by torrential rain. It had 2 branch lines:
- the 16km Ata - Chiran line opened 1927/30 and closed by landslides in 1965.
- the 3km Kaseda - Satsuma Man-sei line operated 1916-62.
Mojikō – Arao
|Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Semi rapid1||Rapid1||Transfers||Location|
|Mojikō||門司港||0.0||+||+||Mojikō Retro Kankō Line (Kyushu Railway Museum)||Moji-ku, Kitakyushu||Fukuoka|
|Moji||門司||5.5||+||+||Sanyō Main Line|
|Kitakyūshū Freight Terminal||北九州貨物ターミナル||6.9||-||-|
|Higashi-Kokura Freight Terminal||東小倉(貨)||9.4||-||-||Kokura Kita-ku, Kitakyushu|
|Kokura||小倉||11.0||+||+||Nippō Main Line
|Nishi-Kokura||西小倉||11.8||+||+||Nippō Main Line|
|Hama-Kokura Freight Terminal||浜小倉(貨)||13.4||-||-|
|Edamitsu||枝光||20.0||-||-||Yahata Higashi-ku, Kitakyushu|
|Kurosaki||黒崎||24.9||+||+||Chikuhō Electric Railroad Line (Kurosaki-Ekimae)
Fukuhoku Yutaka Line
|Yahata Nishi-ku, Kitakyushu|
|Jinnoharu||陣原||27.1||-||-||Fukuhoku Yutaka Line|
|Orio||折尾||30.1||+||+||Chikuhō Main Line (Fukuhoku Yutaka Line, Wakamatsu Line)|
Nishitetsu Kaizuka Line (Nishitetsu Kashii)
|Chihaya||千早||71.0||+||+||Nishitetsu Kaizuka Line (Nishitetsu Chihaya)|
|Yoshizuka||吉塚||76.4||+||+||Sasaguri Line (Fukuhoku Yutaka Line)||Hakata-ku, Fukuoka|
|Hakata||博多||78.2||+||+||■ Kūkō Line (Fukuoka City Subway)
Kyushu Shinkansen, Fukuhoku Yutaka Line
Hakata Minami Line, Sanyō Shinkansen
|Kasuga||春日||86.1||-||-||Tenjin Ōmuta Line (Kasugabaru)||Kasuga|
|Futsukaichi||二日市||92.4||+||+||Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line (Nishitetsu Futsukaichi)||Chikushino|
|Tenpaizan||天拝山||94.3||-||-||Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line (Asakuragaidō)|
|Haruda||原田||97.9||+||+||Chikuhō Main Line (Haruda Line)|
|Kiyama||基山||101.4||+||+||Amagi Railway Amagi Line|
|Tosu Freight Terminal||鳥栖貨物ターミナル||105.6||-||-|
|Tosu||鳥栖||106.8||+||+||Nagasaki Main Line|
|Kurume||久留米||113.9||+||+||Kyushu Shinkansen, Kyūdai Main Line (Yufu Kōgen Line)||Kurume||Fukuoka|
|Ginsui||銀水||144.3||-||-||Nishitetsu Tenjin-Ōmuta Line (Nishitetsu Ginsui)|
|Ōmuta||大牟田||147.5||+||+||Nishitetsu Tenjin-Ōmuta Line|
- 1: All the trains stop at stations marked "+". Some trains stop at "*". Most trains do not stop at "-". Some rapid/semi rapid trains, however, make stop at all the stations northward from Hakata or Minami-Fukuoka, or southward from Hakata, Futsukaichi, or Kurume.
Arao – Yatsushiro
|Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Rapid Kumamoto Liner2||Rapid Super Orange3||Transfers||Location|
|Tabaruzaka 4||田原坂||180.2||-||Kita-ku, Kumamoto|
|Kami-Kumamoto||上熊本||193.3||+||■ Kumamoto City Tram Route 3; Kumamoto City Tram Kami-Kumamoto Line (Kami-Kumamoto-Ekimae)
Kumamoto Electric Railway Kikuchi Line
|Kumamoto||熊本||196.6||+||+||Kyushu Shinkansen, Hōhi Main Line (Aso Kōgen Line)
■ Kumamoto City Tram Route 2; Kumamoto City Tram Tasaki Line and Kumamoto City Tram Trunk Line (Kumamoto-Ekimae)
|Kumamoto Freight Terminal||熊本(貨)||197.9||-||-|
|Yatsushiro||八代||232.3||+||+||Hisatsu Orange Railway Line
Hisatsu Line (Ebino Kōgen Line)
- 2: All the trains stop at stations marked "+". Some trains stop at "*". Most trains do not stop at "-". Some Kumamoto Liner rapid trains, however, make stop at all the stations southward from Kumamoto.
- 3: Through service to Hisatsu Orange Railway Line.
- 4: Some local trains do not stop at Tabaruzaka.
Sendai – Kagoshima
|Station name||Japanese||Total distance (km)||Rapid5||Liners5||Transfers||Location|
|Sendai||川内||0.0||+||+||Hisatsu Orange Railway Line
|Kagoshima-Chūō||鹿児島中央||46.1||+||+||Ibusuki Makurazaki Line, Kyushu Shinkansen
■ Kagoshima City Tram Route 2; Kagoshima City Tram Dai-Ni-Ki Line and Kagoshima City Tram Toso Line (Kagoshima-Chūō-Ekimae)
|Kagoshima||鹿児島||49.3||Nippō Main Line
■ Kagoshima City Tram Route 1 and ■ Kagoshima City Tram Route 2; Kagoshima City Tram Dai-Ikki Line (Kagoshima-Ekimae)
- 5: All the trains stop at stations marked "+". Some trains stop at "*". No trains (other than local) stop at "-". Rapid trains always run from Kagoshima-Chūō to Sendai, never the opposite direction. "Liners" here refers to Sawayaka Liner and Ohayō Liner.
Former Yatsushiro – Sendai section
This section was transferred to the Hisatsu Orange Railway Line from March 13, 2004. Some through services operate over this section.
Yatsushiro - Higo-Kōda - Hinagu (Hinagu-Onsen) - Higo-Futami - Kami-Tanoura - (Tanoura-Otachimisaki-Kōen) - Higo-Tanoura - Uminoura - Sashiki - Yunoura - Tsunagi - (Shin-Minamata) - Minamata - Fukuro - Komenotsu - Izumi - Nishi-Izumi - Takaono - Nodagō - Origuchi - Akune - Ushinohama - Satsuma-Ōkawa - Nishikata - Satsuma-Taki - Kusamichi - Kami-Sendai - Sendai
- Names in brackets are stations newly built or renamed after the line was transferred.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia