Kahuta Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل کہوٹہ) is one of the seven tehsils (subdivisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The neighbouring tehsil of Kotli Sattian used to be part of Kahuta, but was later created as a separate tehsil.
In the 18th century, Kahuta along with much of the subcontinent became part of British India, the undivided tehsil (which includes what is now Kallar Syedan Tehsil) is described in the "Imperial Gazetteer of India" as follows:
||Kahuta-Eastern tahsil of Rawalpindi District, Punjab, lying in the Lower Himalayas, between 33° 18′ and 33° 48′ N. and 73° 15′ and 73° 39′ E., with an area of 457 square miles. Its eastern border rests upon the Jhelum River. The whole of the tahsil except the south-west corner lies in the hills, which in the north reach an elevation of over 6,000 feet. The population in 1911 was 94,719, compared with 91,371 in 1891. It contains 231 villages, of which Kahuta is the headquarters. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1913-4 to 1.2 lakhs.
The tehsil is administratively divided into 13 Union Councils, two of which form the city of Kahuta; these are:
||Name of Union
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Kahuta has a total population of 153,000. Janjua's are the locals of Kahuta City. Other clans are also living and like Bhatti, Abbasis, Sattis Qureshis, Gakhars, Narma, Pathans and many more castes are also present now because city expands day by day but they are smaller in numbers. Satti's, Gakhars, Abbassis are resident of surroundings. Janjua Rajputs are maximum in number and they are owner or you can say they belongs to this land because Kahuta is the property of Raja Sirandaz Khan who was son of Raja Pir Kala. Pir kala was a son of Raja Ajmal Khan whose nick was Raja mal khan who started digging Khewra mines first time in history and his palace is located in chakwal with the name of Malot palace. In 1980s due to patriotism Janjua family of Kahuta donated a piece of land to government with name 'sumbalgah' for nuclear purpose.
See also