Kailashahar

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Kailashahar
city
Kailashahar is located in Tripura
Kailashahar
Kailashahar
Coordinates: 24°20′N 92°01′E / 24.33°N 92.02°E / 24.33; 92.02Coordinates: 24°20′N 92°01′E / 24.33°N 92.02°E / 24.33; 92.02
Country India
State Tripura
District Unakoti
Population (2001)
 • Total 20,279
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Kokborok, Bishnupriya Manipuri, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03824
Website www.kailashaharinfo.in
State of Tripura with four districts, roadways and small railway network

Kailashahar is a nagar panchayat town, the headquarters of the Unakoti district in the Indian state of Tripura located along the Bangladesh border.

Name[edit]

The history of old Kailashahar is associated with Unakoti, a tourist place reputed for its 7th - 9th century AD stone and rock cut images. A 15th generation descendant of King Jujhar Fa, a Shiva disciple who started the Tripurabda (Tripuri Calendar), prayed for Lord Shiva in a village called Chhambulnagar on the banks of the river Mau. It is speculated that Chhambulnagar, which is mentioned in Rajmala, was situated near Unakoti Hill. The Prince prayed for Mahadeva in Unakoti. For this some people believe that the previous name of Kailashahar was Chhambulnagar. Some believers thought that Har (Shiva) resides in Kailash. Therefore the place was known as Kailash Har which was later on transformed to Kailashahar. A Tripura king named Adi-Dharmapha ruled here in 7th century. He performed a great yagna with much pomp and gaiety. The name Kailashahar found currency since that time.[1]

History[edit]

Kailashahar was the ancient capital of the Tripuri kingdom.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Kailasahar had a population of 20,279. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kailasahar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 79%. In Kailasahar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Like other North East India people of Bengali descendant, Bishnupriya Manipuris and hills lived together happily for long time. But in recent time there was violence between them. The main reason is economical deprivation of land and livelihood of the tribals and the indegineous people.

Transport[edit]

Kailashahar is connected to the rest of India mainly by road. The town also has an airport that is currently closed but will resume soon. The nearest rail connection is in Kumarghat.

People and Culture[edit]

There is not much population in kailashahar and many people are living in poverty but there also some that are very rich and some that live in foreign countries.It is mainly populated by Bishnupriya Manipuris.This tinsel town is the cultural pillar of Tripura from time immemorial.

Local Puja Festival[edit]

The main festival in Kailashahar is the durga puja festival that carries between September - October and is where all the kids, elderly and adults enjoy. The city of Kailashahar is also known for its bright festival of lights "Kali Puja". One of the biggest Kali Puja Pandals are hosted in this small city.

Religion[edit]

Hinduism is the dominant religion and there are many temples across the city of Kailashahar.

The religion Islam has also many followers and there is a mosque right next to the main bazaar.

Buddhism is also followed by many people.

Christianity is also a growing religion with the majority of the Christians among the native Tripuri people. Most of the Christians are of the Baptist denomination.

Education[edit]

This is a picture of RKSP ( Ram Krishana Siksha Prathisthan)

Schools:

The best of the educational institute over there is undoubtedly Kendriya Vidyalaya Kailashahar. It basically follows CBSE syllabus and has a fame of producing talented students from there who later on becomes really successful in life. Colleges:

Places of interest[edit]

Politics[edit]

Kailashahar assembly constituency is part of Tripura East (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]