|• Official||Bengali, Kokborok, Bishnupriya Manipuri, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The history of old Kailashahar is associated with Unakoti, a tourist place reputed for its 7th - 9th century AD stone and rock cut images. A 15th generation descendant of King Jujhar Fa, a Shiva disciple who started the Tripurabda (Tripuri Calendar), prayed for Lord Shiva in a village called Chhambulnagar on the banks of the river Mau. It is speculated that Chhambulnagar, which is mentioned in Rajmala, was situated near Unakoti Hill. The Prince prayed for Mahadeva in Unakoti. For this some people believe that the previous name of Kailashahar was Chhambulnagar. Some believers thought that Har (Shiva) resides in Kailash. Therefore the place was known as Kailash Har which was later on transformed to Kailashahar. A Tripura king named Adi-Dharmapha ruled here in 7th century. He performed a great yagna with much pomp and gaiety. The name Kailashahar found currency since that time.
Kailashahar was the ancient capital of the Tripuri kingdom.
As of 2001[update] India census, Kailasahar had a population of 20,279. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kailasahar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 79%. In Kailasahar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Like other North East India people of Bengali descendant, Bishnupriya Manipuris and hills lived together happily for long time. But in recent time there was violence between them. The main reason is economical deprivation of land and livelihood of the tribals and the indegineous people.
People and Culture
There is not much population in kailashahar and many people are living in poverty but there also some that are very rich and some that live in foreign countries.It is mainly populated by Bishnupriya Manipuris.This tinsel town is the cultural pillar of Tripura from time immemorial.
Local Puja Festival
The main festival in Kailashahar is the durga puja festival that carries between September - October and is where all the kids, elderly and adults enjoy. The city of Kailashahar is also known for its bright festival of lights "Kali Puja". One of the biggest Kali Puja Pandals are hosted in this small city.
Hinduism is the dominant religion and there are many temples across the city of Kailashahar.
The religion Islam has also many followers and there is a mosque right next to the main bazaar.
Buddhism is also followed by many people.
Christianity is also a growing religion with the majority of the Christians among the native Tripuri people. Most of the Christians are of the Baptist denomination.
- Goldharpur R.S.H.S. School
- RamKrishna Shiksha Pratishthan
- Radha Kishore Institution
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Kailashahar
- Kailashahar Government Girls Higher Secondary School
- Netaji Vidyapith English Medium (H.S) School
- Bimal Singha Academy (An English Medium private School) and many more.
The best of the educational institute over there is undoubtedly Kendriya Vidyalaya Kailashahar. It basically follows CBSE syllabus and has a fame of producing talented students from there who later on becomes really successful in life. Colleges:
Places of interest
- Lakhi Narayan Bari
- 14 Deities Temple or Choudoo Devotar Mandir, Rangauti
- More than 16 Tea Estates
- UNAKOTI SCULPTURES : A BEWITCHING TOURISTS’ ATTRACTION
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Tripura. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08.