The Kailyard school of Scottish fiction (1880-1914) was developed in the last decades of the 19th century as a reaction against what was seen as increasingly coarse writing representing Scottish life complete with all its blemishes. It has been considered to be an overly sentimental representation of rural life, cleansed of real problems and issues that affected the people, but proved for a time extremely popular. Its name derives ultimately from the Scots "kailyaird" or "kailyard", which means a small cabbage patch (see kale) or kitchen garden, usually adjacent to a cottage; but more immediately from Ian Maclaren's 1894 book Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush whose title alludes to the Jacobite song "There grows a bonnie brier bush in our Kailyard".
Barrie's Auld Licht Idylls (1888) and A Window in Thrums (1889), and Crockett's The Stickit Minister (1893) are among the more lasting products of the school.
John Ashbery references the school in his book of poems, April Galleons, his protagonist lamenting mildly that "nobody I know ever talks about the Kailyard School, at least not at the dinner parties I go to".
- D. Daiches ed., The Penguin Companion to Literature: 1 (1971) p. 288
- I. Ousby ed., The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English (1995) p. 503
- Cuddon, J. A. (1977) A Dictionary of Literary Terms. London: André Deutsch; p. 343
- Macdonald, A. M., ed. (1972) Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers; p. 716
- D. Daiches ed., The Penguin Companion to Literature: 1 (1971) p. 288 and p. 126
- D. Daiches ed., The Penguin Companion to Literature: 1 (1971) p. 157
- Andrew Nash, Kailyard and Scottish Literature (2007) p. 15
- John Ashbery, Notes from the Air (2007) p. 27
G. Blake, Barrie and the Kailyard School (1951)