Kaimakli

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Kaimakli
Kaimakli is located in Cyprus
Kaimakli
Kaimakli
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°11′21″N 33°23′1″E / 35.18917°N 33.38361°E / 35.18917; 33.38361Coordinates: 35°11′21″N 33°23′1″E / 35.18917°N 33.38361°E / 35.18917; 33.38361
Country  Cyprus
 • District Nicosia District
 • Municipality Nicosia
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 11,564
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Kaimakli (Greek: Καϊμακλί [kaimaˈkli]; Turkish: Kaymaklı or Büyük Kaymaklı [ˈbyjyc kajmakˈɫɯ]) is a large northeastern suburb of Nicosia, Cyprus. Since 1968, it belongs to the Municipality of Nicosia. Its population in 2011 was 11,564.

Etymology[edit]

It seems that Kaimakli derives from kaymak meaning [the] froth [in a cup of local coffee]. However Rubert Gunnis states that the suburb took its name from a farm which produced clotted cream which in Turkish is known as Kaymak.[2]

History[edit]

Kaimakli has two churches, Saint Barbara's and Archangel Michael's, which is also a cemetery. In St. Barbara are some interesting old icons, e.g. one of Virgin Mary dated to 1763.[3]

In the 19th and 20th Century the inhabitants of Kaimakli where famed for their building and labouring skills. In 1878 when the British arrived they found that the Venetians had diverted the river Pediaios north of the city, but the old riverbed still ran though the centre, creating an open sewer and rubbish dump, which sometimes flooded into the surrounding streets. In 1881 the riverbed was covered, the municipality offered ownership of the area covered to labourers prepared to undertake the work. Much of it was done by builders from Kaimakli who thus built Hermes Street. Many of the shops built where then given to builders as a reward for their labour.[4]

The Cyprus Government Railway(Section 1) was constructed in 1905 and the line passed through Kaimakli towards Nicosia . A Station Halt and siding was then built in 1909 on the corner of what is now Synergasias Street(This formed part of the old line and the rail tracks are now buried within the tarmac) and St Hilarion.The Line and station closed on 31 December 1951.[5] The Station was restored in 1995 and a Linear Park was constructed on over a kilometre of the old track.[6]

Industry[edit]

Building in the modern part of Kaimakli

The Regis Milk Industries which is a major ice cream producer on the island has its factory located at 1 Synergasias Street.[7]

Sport[edit]

Achilleas is a Cypriot basketball club founded in 1943, nowadays running basketball, volleyball and table tennis divisions. It has been an integral part of the community in the suburb of Kaimakli in Nicosia. The club is named after Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς) a legendary figure of the Greek mythology.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "C1. POPULATION ENUMERATED BY SEX, AGE, DISTRICT, MUNICIPALITY/COMMUNITY AND QUARTER (1.10.2011)", Population - Place of Residence, 2011, Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2014-04-17, retrieved 2014-04-20 
  2. ^ Gunnis, R. (1936) 'Historic Cyprus: A Guide to its Towns & Villages Monasteries & Castles' (Nicosia, K Rustem & Bro), p.241
  3. ^ Gunnis, R. (1936) 'Historic Cyprus: A Guide to its Towns & Villages Monasteries & Castles' (Nicosia, K Rustem & Bro), p.241
  4. ^ http://www.nicosia.org.cy/english/lefkosia_istoriadimou_entos_teixon.shtm
  5. ^ The Story of the Cyprus Government Railway B S Turner ISBN 0-85298-408-1
  6. ^ http://www.nicosia.org.cy/english/ipiresies_dikoisi_kipoi_10.shtm
  7. ^ http://www.regis.com.cy/
  8. ^ http://www.achilleas.com.cy/