Kaimur district

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Kaimur district
कैमूर ज़िला
district
Bihar district location map Kaimur.svg
Country  India
State Bihar
Administrative Division Patna Division
Headquarters Bhabua
Area
 • Total 8,268 km2 (3,192 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,626,384
Languages
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
LokSabha Sasaram])
Website http://www.kaimur.bih.nic.in/
Telhar Falls, Kaimur district

Kaimur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district headquarters are located at Bhabua. The district occupies an area of 3363 km² and has a population of 1,626,384 (as of 2011) with the rank of 307th in the country. The district has a Literacy rate of 69.34% (392nd in the country). Kaimur district is a part of Patna division.It is the westernmost district of Bihar, western point of Bihar called Chand is situated on the Bhabua-Chandauli road. The district has 18 Colleges, 58 High Schools, 146 Middle Schools and 763 Primary Schools. The district has a total no. of 1699 villages. The district also has 120 Post Offices and 151 Panchayats.

History[edit]

Kaimur district was established in March 1991. It was sectioned off from the Rohtas district.[1] The earliest evidence of human habitation in the district consists of rock paintings in the Lehda forest that date to around 20,000 years ago. In June 2012, erotic Pala sculptures were excavated in the village of Baidyanath.[2]

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3]

Geography[edit]

Kaimur district occupies an area of 3,362 square kilometres (1,298 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island.[5]

The Kaimur Range and Rohtas Plateau cover the southern part of this district. The Karmnasha and Durgawati rivers run through the district. A large forest covers part of Kaimur; it measures 1,06,300 hectares and contains the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary which is home to tigers, leopards and chinkaras.

Rivers: Durgavati River, Karmanasa River, Kudra river. Waterfall: Karkat Waterfall, Telhar.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main component of the economy in the district. Rice, wheat, telhan, dalhan and maize are the main crops. Industries located in the district include Vanaspati Oil Ltd., ACC Limited and the Power Grid Corporation of India's high voltage direct current (HVDC) grid station at Pusauli.

In 2006 the named Kaimur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

Divisions[edit]

Sub Divisions: Mohania subdivision, Bhabua subdivision
Blocks: Bhabua, Ramgarh, Mohania, Durgawati, Adhaura, Bhagwanpur, Chand, Chainpur, Kudra, Rampur, Nuawon

Transport[edit]

Train[edit]

The district has only a major station at Mohania, officially known as Bhabua Road(BBU) on the Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord (450 km) in Gaya-Mughalsarai Section.


The main trains are

  • Purushottam Express (12801-12802),
  • Mahabodhi Exp(12397-12398),
  • Poorva(Hawra delux) Exp (12381-12383),
  • Kalka Mail (12312),
  • Jharkhand Exp,
  • Neelanchal Exp (12876),
  • Mumbai Mail (12321-12322),
  • Doon (13009-13010)
  • Chamble Exp,
  • Shipra Exp (22911),
  • Sealdah Exp,
  • BudhPurnima Exp (15110),
  • Asansol-Ahmedabad Exp,
  • Dikshabhumi Exp,
  • Jodhpur Exp,
  • Garib Nawaj Exp,
  • Ranchi Varanasi Exp (18312, 18612, 18632)
  • Ranchi Garib Rath Exp (12877-12878)
  • Sasaram Garib Rath (22409-22410)
  • Bhabua Patna Intercity (13243-13244)
  • Jharkhand swarana jayanti Exp
  • Gaya Chennai Exp
  • Ludhiyana Dhanbad Exp

A railway line is proposed which will connect from Arrah to Mundeshwari via Ramgarh, Mohania and Bhabua.[citation needed] Bhabua is 180 km from Patna and 60 km from Varanasi by road. All railway stations in the district are Karamnasa (KMS), Dhanichha (DCX), Durgawati (DGO), Muthani (MTGE), Pusauli (PSE), Kudra (KTQ), Khurmabad Road (KVD), Shiu Sagar Road (SSG) and Kumahu (KMGE)

Road[edit]

National Highway 2 (G.T. Road) crosses through Mohania Town.

National Highway 30 originates from Mohania and connects with the capital Patna via Arrah. Apart from these, there are also a few state highways in the city. Mohania is connected to Bauxar via Ramgarh from the south and with Bhabua (district capital, Adhaura, Bhagwanpur) from the south. The State Highway 14 connects Bhabua to Mohania.

Bhabua Road Railway Station is (Mohania Town) situated on Gaya–Mughalsarai section of Grand Chord Railway line. Bhabua (the district headquarters) is 14 km southward from the Bhabua Road railway station.

The famous Mundeshawari Devi Temple (the 'oldest functional' temple of world) is about 10 km south to Bhabua and about 25 km south to the railway station. If someone wants to visit the temple then he should arrive at Bhabua Road station first then he may take a direct bus to Mundeshawari Devi temple or may first take bus to Bhabua and then an auto/tempo to the temple.

The nearest airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (VNS) (Babatpur, Varanasi).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Kaimur district has a population of 1,626,384,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 307th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 488 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,260/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.54%.[7] Kaimur has a sex ratio of 919 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 71.01%.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Official Website of Kaimur. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  2. ^ "Erotic sculptures of Pala period discovered in Bihar village". June 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Vaygach Island3,329km2 
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Idaho 1,567,582 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°02′26″N 83°36′45″E / 25.040591°N 83.612409°E / 25.040591; 83.612409