Kaitaia

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Kaitaia
Kaitaia is located in New Zealand
Kaitaia
Kaitaia
Coordinates: 35°6′45″S 173°15′46″E / 35.11250°S 173.26278°E / -35.11250; 173.26278Coordinates: 35°6′45″S 173°15′46″E / 35.11250°S 173.26278°E / -35.11250; 173.26278
Country  New Zealand
Island North Island
Region Northland
Territorial authority Far North District
Ward Northern
Population (2013 census)
 • Urban 4,887
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode(s) 0410
Area code(s) 09

Kaitaia is a town in the Far North District of New Zealand, at the base of the Aupouri Peninsula, about 160 km northwest of Whangarei. It is the last major settlement on State Highway 1. Ahipara Bay, the southern end of Ninety Mile Beach, is 5 km west.

The main industries are forestry and tourism. The population is 4,887 (2013 census), which makes it second largest town in the Far North District, after Kerikeri.

The name Kaitaia means ample food, kai being the Māori word for food.[1]

The Muriwhenua are a group of six northern Māori iwi occupying the northernmost part of the North Island surrounding Kaitaia.

History[edit]

The Kaitaia Mission Station was established in 1834 by the Church Missionary Society (CMS) members Joseph Matthews and William Puckey, the father of William Gilbert Puckey, who also lived at Kaitaia.[2] Richard Matthews, the brother of Rev. Joseph Matthews, arrived in the Bay of Islands in December 1835 and joined his brother in Kaitaia. Richard Matthews had been a lay missionary on the second voyage of HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin.[3][4] Richard Matthews served the CMS as a lay catechist at Kaitaia. In 1838 he married Johanna Blomfield, the sister of Mrs Martha Blomfield Clarke, whose husband George was a CMS missionary at Te Waimate mission. In 1840 Richard and Johanna Matthews helped set up a missionary station at Whanganui.[5]

There were plans to extend the Okaihau Branch railway to Kaitaia and construction was started in the 1920s, but with the line nearly complete to Rangiahua, a review in 1936 determined that the line would not be viable and construction was abandoned. The line terminated in Okaihau until it was closed on 1 November 1987. D 221, a steam tank locomotive, has been on static display at Centennial Park since 1967.[6]

Climate[edit]

Kaitaia has a oceanic climate (Cfb according to the Köppen climate classification system).

Climate data for Kaitaia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.9
(75)
24.5
(76.1)
22.9
(73.2)
20.8
(69.4)
18.5
(65.3)
16.3
(61.3)
15.6
(60.1)
15.7
(60.3)
16.8
(62.2)
18.1
(64.6)
19.6
(67.3)
22
(72)
19.6
(67.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.6
(60.1)
14.2
(57.6)
13.1
(55.6)
11.1
(52)
9.2
(48.6)
8.7
(47.7)
8.5
(47.3)
9.5
(49.1)
10.9
(51.6)
12.1
(53.8)
13.7
(56.7)
11.8
(53.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 82
(3.23)
79
(3.11)
78
(3.07)
95
(3.74)
119
(4.69)
149
(5.87)
166
(6.54)
152
(5.98)
133
(5.24)
93
(3.66)
94
(3.7)
97
(3.82)
1,334
(52.52)
Source: NIWA Climate Data[7]

Transport[edit]

A bus service runs regularly from Auckland.[8] CBEC runs a service called Busabout to Awanui, Mangonui and Pukenui on weekdays.[9]

Kaitaia Airport has regular Air New Zealand services from Auckland and is the only airport in the upper Far North District.

Agriculture[edit]

The avocado industry flourishes, with orchards dispersed throughout the immediate area. Wine is a growing commodity. One of the largest vineyards is the Karikari Estate.

Education[edit]

Kaitaia Primary School, Kaitaia Intermediate and Kaitaia College are the main primary, intermediate and secondary schools. The primary school has a decile rating of 1, the others 2. The rolls are 277,[10] 253,[11] and 862[12] respectively.

Pompallier School is a Catholic full primary (years 1-8) school with a decile rating of 3 and a roll of 126.[13]

Kaitaia Abundant Life School is a Christian composite school (years 1-13) with a decile rating of 2 and a roll of 211.[14] It was established in 1988 as a private primary school, and extended to secondary students in 1992. It became a state integrated school in 1996.[15]

Oturu School is a primary school to the north east serving years 1-8, with a decile rating of 1 and a roll of 63.[16]

Pukepoto School and Te Kura Kaupapa Maori o Pukemiro are in Pukepoto, to the south-west.

All these schools are co-educational.

NorthTec polytechnic also has a campus in Kaitaia.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people born in Kaitaia or have lived there include:

  • Nopera Pana-kareao (?–1856) tribal leader, evangelist and assessor.
  • Sophia Taylor née Davis (1847–1930), hostess, suffragist and landowner in Mount Albert, Auckland[18]
  • Donald Rutledge O.B.E, J.P. (1891-1956), small business owner, founding members of Kaitaia RSA, member of Kaitaia Town Board. Invested with the OBE for services to the community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome...". Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  2. ^ "The People and the Land" (PDF). Muriwhenua Land Report. Waitangi Tribunal. p. 48. Retrieved 2008-09-03. 
  3. ^ Darwin, Charles. Journal of a Voyage Round the World, 1831-36
  4. ^ Lavallee, Louis. "The Voyage Of The Beagle - In The Creator's Service". 
  5. ^ "Richard Matthews". Pre-1839 foreigners in NZ. 
  6. ^ "Weka Pass Railway's page on D 221". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. 
  7. ^ "Climate Data". NIWA. Retrieved November 2, 2007. 
  8. ^ http://www.northliner.co.nz/aboutus.htm
  9. ^ http://cbec.co.nz/Busabout_Kaitaia.cfm
  10. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  11. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  12. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  13. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  14. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  15. ^ "Abundant Life School Profile" (DOC). 
  16. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi". Ministry of Education. 
  17. ^ "Kaitaia". NorthTec. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  18. ^ Harris, Jan. "Sophia Louisa Taylor". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved December 2011. 

External links[edit]