Kaiyuan, Liaoning

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Kaiyuan
开原市
County-level city
Location in Tieling City
Location in Tieling City
Kaiyuan is located in Liaoning
Kaiyuan
Kaiyuan
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates: 42°33′N 124°02′E / 42.550°N 124.033°E / 42.550; 124.033Coordinates: 42°33′N 124°02′E / 42.550°N 124.033°E / 42.550; 124.033
Country People's Republic of China
Province Liaoning
Prefecture-level city Tieling
Area
 • Total 2,824.78 km2 (1,090.65 sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 112300
Area code(s) 0024

Kaiyuan (simplified Chinese: 开原; traditional Chinese: 開原; pinyin: Kāiyuán; literally: "Open Plains") is a county-level city in the northeast of Liaoning, People's Republic of China, bordering Jilin for a small section to the north. It is under the administration of Tieling City, the centre of which lies 33 kilometres (21 mi) to the southwest.

Kaiyuan was the birthplace of Sheng Shicai (1897–1970), a warlord who ruled Xinjiang from 1933 to 1944.

Administrative divisions[1][edit]

There are 3 subdistricts, 9 towns, and 9 townships under the city's administration.

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

Geography and climate[edit]

Kaiyuan is situated in northeastern Liaoning in the southeastern part of Tieling City on the eastern bank of the middle reaches of the Liao River. It borders Dongfeng County and Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County to the east, Tieling County to the south, Faku and Changtu counties to the west, and Lishu County (Jilin) to the north. Its administrative area reaches a maximal north-south extent of 86 km (53 mi) and east-west width of 89.4 km (55.6 mi). In the east, the land begins to transition to the foothills of the Changbai Mountains, while the west is marked by the Songliao Plain.

Kaiyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), characterised by hot, humid summers and long, cold and windy, but dry winters. The four seasons here are distinctive. A majority of the annual rainfall of 661 mm (26.0 in) occurs in July and August alone. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −13.4 °C (7.9 °F) in January to 23.8 °C (74.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 6.98 °C (44.6 °F).

Climate data for Kaiyuan, Liaoning (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.7
(42.3)
15.9
(60.6)
22.6
(72.7)
27.0
(80.6)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
22.9
(73.2)
14.9
(58.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
2.7
(36.9)
10.0
(50)
16.0
(60.8)
19.6
(67.3)
17.9
(64.2)
10.3
(50.5)
2.7
(36.9)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15
(5)
1.4
(34.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.7
(0.185)
4.8
(0.189)
15.2
(0.598)
37.3
(1.469)
51.3
(2.02)
90.6
(3.567)
174.5
(6.87)
158.0
(6.22)
62.2
(2.449)
39.4
(1.551)
15.6
(0.614)
7.0
(0.276)
660.6
(26.008)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.9 5.1 7.9 9.2 12.5 13.8 11.3 8.2 6.9 5.2 4.2 91.6
Source: Weather China

References[edit]

External links[edit]