Kajaani

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"Kajana" redirects here. For the town in Suriname, see Kajana, Suriname.
Kajaani
Town
Kajaanin kaupunki
The old Town hall
The old Town hall
Coat of arms of Kajaani
Coat of arms
Location of Kajaani in Finland
Location of Kajaani in Finland
Coordinates: 64°13.5′N 027°44′E / 64.2250°N 27.733°E / 64.2250; 27.733Coordinates: 64°13.5′N 027°44′E / 64.2250°N 27.733°E / 64.2250; 27.733
Country Finland
Region Kainuu
Sub-region Kajaani sub-region
Charter 1651
Government
 • Town manager Jari Tolonen
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 2,264.01 km2 (874.14 sq mi)
 • Land 1,835.07 km2 (708.52 sq mi)
 • Water 428.94 km2 (165.61 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 38,005
 • Rank 28th largest in Finland
 • Density 20.71/km2 (53.6/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 97.7% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 2.2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 16.7%
 • 15 to 64 66.4%
 • 65 or older 16.9%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20%
Website www.kajaani.fi

Kajaani (Swedish: Kajana) is a town and municipality in Finland. It is the center and capital of the Kainuu region. It is located southeast of Oulujärvi (Lake Oulu), which drains to the Gulf of Bothnia along the Oulujoki (river Oulu).

There are 38,005 (31 January 2014)[2] inhabitants, and city surface area is 2,264.01 square kilometres (874.14 sq mi) of which 428.94 km2 (165.61 sq mi) is water. The population density is 20.71 inhabitants per square kilometre (53.6 /sq mi). The town is unilingually Finnish.

Folklorist Elias Lönnrot frequently went on leave of absence from his job as district doctor in Kajaani to collect folktales throughout Karelia.

History[edit]

Kajaani was one of the cities founded in 1651 by the Swedish Governor General of Finland, Per Brahe. At that time, the Kainuu region—as wood country—was an important producer of tar derived from pine, and the tar trade was its major industry. The barrels of tar were shipped to Oulujärvi and then along Oulujoki to Oulu on the Bothnian coast of the Baltic sea. From there, tar was shipped to continental Europe, where it was used as a sealant and an anti-rot agent for ship hulls.

One famous historical monument in Kajaani are the ruins of Kajaani Castle, located on an island in River Kajaani in the centre of the city. The castle was originally built in 1604 and completed in 1666. The castle served as an administrative centre, prison, military base and a refuge for the citizens.

The ruins of Kajaani Castle

During the Greater Wrath in the 18th century the castle was forced to surrender to Russian forces. The Russians blew the castle up in March 1716 and it has been in ruins ever since. Today, the ruins are especially popular among children who like to explore the dark, twisty little passages and have fantasy adventures.

In the beginning of 20th century Kajaani industrialized step by step and the city begun growing especially after a railroad connection southward to Iisalmi and further to Helsinki and St Petersburg was established. The growth of population was strongest just after the Second World War. The population has been decreasing since mid-1990s.

In 1977 the separate rural municipality of Kajaani, Kajaanin maalaiskunta, and Kajaani were consolidated to form the City of Kajaani. The town, in addition to railroad and road connections, is served by a Finnair-operated air connection to Helsinki, during the summer twice daily and three times a day during the winter schedule period. Kajaani Airport, located in the Paltaniemi area, close to central Kajaani, is maintained and operated by Finavia, also serving the needs of non-commercial general aviation.

Vuolijoki was consolidated with Kajaani in the beginning of 2007.

Climate[edit]

Kajaani lies within the subarctic climate zone, but the proximity of the Baltic Sea and warm airflows from the Atlantic result in a much milder climate than many locations in this latitude. Summers are cool and in winter, temperature can drop below −30 °C (−22 °F).

Climate data for Kajaani
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6
(43)
5
(41)
11
(52)
21
(70)
27
(81)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
28
(82)
15
(59)
10
(50)
6
(43)
31
(88)
Average high °C (°F) −8
(18)
−7
(19)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
12
(54)
18
(64)
20
(68)
17
(63)
12
(54)
5
(41)
−2
(28)
−7
(19)
5.3
(41.6)
Average low °C (°F) −14
(7)
−14
(7)
−10
(14)
−4
(25)
2
(36)
8
(46)
11
(52)
9
(48)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−6
(21)
−11
(12)
−2
(28.4)
Record low °C (°F) −41
(−42)
−37
(−35)
−35
(−31)
−25
(−13)
−11
(12)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
−22
(−8)
−26
(−15)
−35
(−31)
−41
(−42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.1
(0.752)
18.8
(0.74)
18.8
(0.74)
16
(0.63)
22.8
(0.898)
38.8
(1.528)
42.5
(1.673)
48.8
(1.921)
29.1
(1.146)
31.1
(1.224)
24.3
(0.957)
21
(0.83)
331.1
(13.039)
Source #1: MSN Weather
Source #2: Weatherbase

Culture[edit]

Since 1993 The Art Museum of Kajaani (Kajaanin taidemuseo) has operated in the city. The collection of the museum centers on Finnish modern art.

The Kajaani Town Theatre Kajaanin kaupunginteatteri was established in 1969 and is one of the most respected theaters in Finland. It was chosen as the Theatre of the Year in 2003 and continues to attract ambitious actors and theatre directors, as well as a wealth of audience from across Finland. As the leading theatre in the Kainuu district, every year the Kajaani Town Theatre goes on the road to tour neighbouring towns and villages, and has been known occasionally to find its way to Southern Finland as well.

The most notable annual cultural events in Kajaani are Kajaanin Runoviikko (The Kajaani Poetry Week), originally known as Sana ja Sävel, and Kainuun JazzKevät (The Kainuu Jazz Spring).

Economy[edit]

Population of Kajaani (Dec 31)
Year
Population
1987
36,056
1990
36,428
1997
36,541
2000
36,088
2002
35,842
2004
35,675
2008
38,140

Important industries in the city today are sawmill and lumber. Paper industry was also very important employer. UPM Kymmene's Kajaani paper mill was the biggest private employer in Kajaani and its history dated back to 1907. Paper was made in Kajaani from 1919 to 2008. However UPM Kymmene decided to close the paper mill by the end of 2008 due to lack of profitability and high energy costs. Closure of a paper mill will be the end of one era in Kajaani's history. UPM's Kajaani sawmill will continue its operations as earlier.

Military base Kainuu Brigade is also an important employer. It is the largest garrison in Finland—the Brigade employs approximately 600 people and trains 4,000 conscripts a year. There is a polytechnical institute in the city.

The engineering and railway rolling stock manufacturer Transtech Oy has a factory at Otanmäki to the south-west of Kajaani. Many of VR's carriages have been built at Otanmäki.

Famous persons[edit]

Church of Kajaani, built 1897.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kajaani is twinned with:

City Country Year
Östersund Sweden Sweden 1943
Rostov-on-Don Russia Russia 1956
Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Germany Germany 1973
Nyíregyháza Hungary Hungary 1981
Marquette United States United States 1997
Jiujiang China China 2006
Bayonne France France 2008[6]

The Districts and Villages of the City of Kajaani[edit]

Districts:

  • Heinisuo
  • Hetteenmäki
  • Hoikankangas
  • Huuhkajanvaara
  • Katiska
  • Kettu
  • Komiaho
  • Kuurna
  • Kylmä
  • Kättö
  • Kätönlahti
  • Laajankangas
  • Lehtikangas
  • Lohtaja

Districts: (cont'd)

  • Nakertaja
  • Onnela
  • Palokangas
  • Petäisenniska
  • Puistola
  • Purola
  • Soidinsuo
  • Suvantola
  • Teppana
  • Tihisenniemi
  • Tikkapuro
  • Variskangas
  • Yläkaupunki

Villages:

  • Jormua
  • Koutaniemi
  • Kuluntalahti
  • Lahnasjärvi
  • Lehtovaara
  • Linnantaus
  • Mainua
  • Murtomäki
  • Paltaniemi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Maps[edit]

Culture[edit]