|• Mayor||Nora Burns|
|• Total||14.2 sq mi (36.7 km2)|
|• Land||8.2 sq mi (21.1 km2)|
|• Water||6.0 sq mi (15.5 km2)|
|Elevation||56 ft (17 m)|
|• Density||39/sq mi (15/km2)|
|Time zone||Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)|
|• Summer (DST)||AKDT (UTC-8)|
|GNIS feature ID||1422926, 2419403|
Kake is a first-class city in Petersburg Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 710 at the 2000 census and 557 as of the 2010 census. The name (pronounced just like English cake) comes from the Tlingit word Ḵéix̱' (Northern Tlingit) or Ḵéex̱' (Southern Tlingit), which is derived from ḵée “dawn, daylight” and x̱ʼé “mouth”, i.e. “mouth of dawn” or “opening of daylight”.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km2), of which, 8.2 square miles (21 km2) of it is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) of it is water. The total area is 42.37% water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 710 people, 246 households, and 171 families residing in the town. The population density was 87.0 people per square mile (33.6/km²). There were 288 housing units at an average density of 35.3 per square mile (13.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 24.08% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 66.76% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 8.03% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 246 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the town the age distribution of the population shows 33.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 113.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,643, and the median income for a family was $42,857. Males had a median income of $44,167 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,411. 14.6% of the population and 13.2% of families were below the poverty line. 23.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The region of Kake has been inhabited by the Tlingit Indian people for thousands of years.
The Tlingit of the Kake region gained a reputation among early European and American explorers of being strong and powerful. Some conflicts with early European and American explorers have been documented by historians. Some scholars believe the first European explorer to enter Tlingit lands was Sir Frances Drake, British explorer, who traveled to the area near present-day Kake in 1579.
In February 1869 a conflict erupted between the U.S. Army and the Tlingit in the Kake region, which is often referred to as the Kake War of 1869. The conflict began when innocent Tlingit from Kake, who were visiting Sitka, were killed by a U.S. Army soldier. The U.S. Army failed to acknowledge any wrongdoing or offer compensation to the Tlingit from the Kake region, and as result, the Tlingit from Kake followed traditional Tlingit law and killed two non-Native trappers south of Sitka. In reprisal, the U.S. Army deployed the gunboat USS Saginaw from Sitka which attacked, shelled, and burned three Tlingit villages near present-day Kake. Although all three Tlingit villages had been evacuated by the Tlingit in order to avoid loss of life from the U.S. Army's approach and intent, some Tlingit were killed as result (total number killed is presently unknown). The U.S. Army's destruction of the Kake Tlingit villages has been attributed as an act of attempted genocide by some scholars on grounds that the U.S. Army destroyed the homes, food, and the canoes of the Tlingit for the purpose of leaving them to starve, suffer, and die in winter's cold. The Tlingit of the Kake area did not rebuild these three destroyed villages, but many relocated and settled around 1890 at the present site of Kake.
Kake is the site of a 128-foot totem pole, one of the world's largest, carved in 1967 for the Alaska Purchase centennial.
The city of Kake is a mayor-council form of government which is composed of a mayor and six council members. The city also has a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the city.
- Dombrowski, Kirk (2001) Against Culture: Development, Politics, and Religion in Indian Alaska. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 73.
- "2013 ACoM Members". Online Resource Center, Alaska Conference of Mayors. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- "Kake city, Alaska". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Bawlf, R. Samuel (2001). Sir Francis Drake's secret voyage to the Northwest coast of America, AD 1579. Salt Spring Island, B.C.: Sir Francis Drake Publications.
- Jones, Zachary (2010). "Un-silencing the Past: Reassessing US Army Relations with Alaska’s Tlingit Indians during the Kake War of 1869,". Presented at the Annual Sealaska Heritage Institute Native American Heritage Month Lectures Series, Juneau; and Presented at the Alaska State Historical Society’s Annual Conference, Fairbanks.