Ananda Temple Buddha
|Japanese:||拘留孫; くるそん; Kuruson|
|Vietnamese:||Phật Câu Lưu Tôn|
|Venerated by:||Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana|
|Preceded by:||Vessabhū Buddha|
|Succeeded by:||Koṇāgamana Buddha|
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In Buddhist tradition, Kakusandha (Pāli) is the name of the twenty-fifth Buddha, the first of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa, and the fourth of the seven ancient Buddhas. He is known in Sanskrit as Krakucchanda, and in Tibetan as Khorvadjig. Kakusandha was preceded by Vessabhū, and succeeded by Koṇāgamana. His biography is recorded in the Buddhavamsa, one of the books of the Pāli Canon.
Kakusandha Buddha was born in Khemavati (now Gotihawa), in Kapilavastu District, in the Lumbini Zone of southern Nepal. His father was Aggidatta, a Brahmin chaplain of the king Khemankara of Khemavati. His mother was Visakha. His wife was Virochamana (also known as Rocani); he had a son, Uttara (son of Kakusandha). Asoka visited Gotihawa, Nepal when he visited Lumbini, Nepal and installed a stone pillar and inscribed his visit in the pillar. There is also a stupa in Gothihawa. Therefore, it is generally accepted due to the pillar that the birthplace of Kakusandha is in Gothihawa, Nepal near Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Devadaha and Ramagrama of Nepal.
Kakusandha lived for four thousand years in the household in three palaces: Ruci, Suruci and Vaddhana (or Rativaddhana). At the age of four thousand, he renounced the worldly life while riding on a chariot. He practised austerities for eight months. Before attaining enlightenment, he had accepted some milk-rice from the daughter of the Brahmin Vajirindha of the village Suchirindha, as well as grass for his seat from the yavapalaka Subhadda. He attained enlightenment under a sirisa tree, then delivered his first sermon to the assembly of eighty-four thousand monks in a park near Makila.
His chief disciples were Vidhura and Sanjiva among the monks, and Sama and Champa among the nuns. His personal attendant was Buddhija. Acchuta and Samana among the men, and Nanda and Sunanda among the women were his chief lay-supporters. Acchuta built a monastery for Kakusandha Buddha on the same site, which was later chosen by Anathapindika for Jetavana Arama for Gautama Buddha.
Kakusandha's body was forty cubits in height, and he died at the age of forty thousand years in Khemavati. The thūpa erected over his relics was one league high.
The bodhisattva who was to become Siddhartha Gautama was born as King Khema during the time of Kakusandha. Kakusandha was the Buddha who foretold that King Khema, who offered him alms with robes and medicines, would become the Gautama Buddha in the future.
- Chan Khoon San, Buddhist Pilgrimage, Subang Jaya Buddhist Association, Subang Jaya, Malaysia, 2001, page 51.
- Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Kakusandha
- Prophecies of Kakusandha Buddha, Konagamana Buddha and Kassapa Buddha
|Seven Buddhas of the Past||Succeeded by