Kalākua Kaheiheimālie

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Kalākua Kaheiheimālie
Queen Consort of Hawaiian Islands
Hoapiliwahine by C. C. Armstrong.jpg
Hoapili Wahine, watercolor by Mrs. Clarissa Chapman Armstrong
Spouse Kalaʻimamahu
Kamehameha I
Ulumāheihei Hoapili
Issue
Kekāuluohi
Liholiho-i-Kaiwi-o-Kamehameha
Kamehameha Kapauaiwa
Kamāmalu
Kīnaʻu
Full name
Miriam Kalākua Kaheiheimālie Hoapili-Wahine
House House of Kamehameha
House of Kekaulike
Father Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi
Mother Nāmāhānaʻi Kaleleokalani
Born c. 1778
Hāna, Maui
Died January 16, 1842
Lahaina, Maui
Burial Mokuʻula then
Waineʻe Cemetery

Kalākua Kaheiheimālie, later known as Hoapili Wahine (c. 1778–1842) was a member of Hawaiian royalty who was one of the Queen consorts at the founding of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She was mother of another Queen consort, and grandmother of two future kings. Some sources call her Kaheiheimaile rather than Kaheiheimālie. "Mālie" means serene while the "maile" is the vine Alyxia olivaeformis. The second spelling seems to be older and more appropriate.

Life[edit]

She was born c. 1778 into a noble (ali'i) family of Maui. Her father was Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi, a noble from Hawaiʻi Island. Her mother was Nāmāhānaʻi Kaleleokalani, the former consort of her half-brother the late king of Maui, Kamehameha Nui. From her mother she was a member of the royal house of Maui. Her siblings included Hawaiʻi island Governor John Adams Kuakini, Queen Kaʻahumanu, Maui Governor George Cox Kahekili Keʻeaumoku II, and Lydia Namahana Piʻia.[1] Her father became an advisor and friend to Kamehameha I, eventually becoming royal governor of Maui. He arranged for her sister Kaʻahumanu to marry the king when she was thirteen; she would be the most powerful leader of the kingdom for several decades.

First Kaheiheimālie married Prince Kalaʻimamahu, Chief Priest of ʻIo and Kāne. He was a brother of Kamehameha I. They divorced around 1795 and she married her former brother-in-law King Kamehameha I in a ceremony known as Hoao-Wohi.[2] She was part of the court of Kamehameha I that met George Vancouver during his expedition in 1794 and agreed to the first treaty with Great Britain.[3]

She had two sons and two daughters by her second marriage to Kamehameha I. Her first son Prince Liholiho-i-Kaiwi-o-Kamehameha was born about 1795 and died as an infant, and second son Prince Kamehameha Kapauaiwa was born about 1801 and died as an infant.[4] Her daughter Kamāmalu (c. 1802–1824) married Liholiho and became Queen consort when Liholiho became King Kamehameha II. Her youngest daughter Kīnaʻu (c. 1805–1839) succeed her aunt Kaʻahumanu, Kalākua's sister, as Kuhina Nui, co-ruling Hawaii with Kamehameha II.[5] Her daughter from her first marriage with Kalaimamahu was Kekāuluohi (c. 1794–1845) who succeeded Kīnaʻuas the third Kuhina Nui, styled as Kaʻahumanu III.[6]

Through her daughters Kīnaʻu and Kekāuluohi she was grandmother of three more kings: Kamehameha IV, Kamehameha V, and Lunalilo.

She married for the third time at Honolulu, October 19, 1823, to Ulumāheihei Hoapili who was the Governor of Maui. She became a late convert to Christianity and took the name "Miriam" along with her oldest daughter. She was described as physically being "...tall and gigantic" like her siblings.[7] She was known as Hoapili-wahine or "Mrs. Hoapili". She served as Governor of Maui 1840-1842 after her husband's death, and was a founding member of the House of Nobles in 1841.[8] She died on Maui, January 16, 1842 and was buried at Moku'ula. Her remains were later moved to the nearby Waineʻe Cemetery beside her last husband Hoapili.[9]

Family tree[edit]

Kalaniʻōpuʻu (k)
 
 
 
Kalola (w)
 
Keōua (k)
 
Kekuʻiapoiwa II (w)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kānekapōlei (w)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kīwalaʻō
 
Kekuiapoiwa Liliha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keōpūolani
 
 
Kamehameha I
(The Great)
(died 1819)
 
Kalākua Kaheiheimālie
 
Kaʻahumanu
(1819–1832)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liholiho
Kamehameha II
(1819–1824)
 
Kamāmalu
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keouawahine
 
Pauli Kaʻōleiokū
*Kamehameha I saved Pauli after the Battle of Mokuʻōhai and is said to have claimed him as a son. Whether that is of natural or adopted status is not known.
 
Kahailiopua
Luahine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kauikeaouli
Kamehameha III
(1825–1854)
 
Kalama
 
 
 
Elizabeth Kīnaʻu
Kaʻahumanu II
 
Mataio
Kekūanāoʻa
 
Pauahi
 
Laura Kōnia
 
Abner Pākī
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keaweaweʻulaokalani I
 
Keaweaweulaokalani II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Emma
 
Alexander Liholiho
Kamehameha IV
(1854–1863)
 
Lot Kapuāiwa
Kamehameha V
(1863–1872)
 
Victoria Kamāmalu
Kaʻahumanu IV
(1855–1863)
 
Ruth Keʻelikōlani
 
Charles Reed
Bishop
 
Bernice Pauahi
Bishop
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Albert
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Pitt
Kīnaʻu
 
Keolaokalani Davis
 
 

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher Buyers. "Maui Genealogy". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ Kapiikauinamoku (June 19, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Kamehameha, Kalakua Wed in Hoao-Wohi Rites". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  3. ^ Stephen L. Desha (2000). "Chapter 14: Vancounver's Visit". Kamehameha and his warrior Kekūhaupiʻo (Moolelo kaao no Kuhaupio ke koa kaulana o ke au o Kamehameha ka Nui). Translated by Frances N. Frazier. Kamehameha Schools Press. p. 379. ISBN 0-87336-061-3. 
  4. ^ Hawaiian historian Samuel Kamakau mentions only one son named Kamehameha Iwi while John Papa Īī also mention one son but calls him Kekūāiwa or Lunalilo instead; it gets even more confusing since Kekūāiwa is also another name for her daughter Kamāmalu.
  5. ^ Kapiikauinamoku (June 20, 1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Princess Kamamalu Was Kamehamehaʻs Daughter". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  6. ^ Henry Soszynski. "Kalakua Kaheiheimalie". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  7. ^ Hiram Bingham I (1855) [1848]. A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Third ed.). H.D. Goodwin. p. 164. 
  8. ^ "Hoapili office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  9. ^ "Burials in Waialoa Cemetery". Find A Grave web site. Retrieved 2009-11-02. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Ulumāheihei Hoapili
Royal Governor of Maui
1840–1842
Succeeded by
James Young Kānehoa