Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project
|Work begun||2 April 2008|
|Traffic||Motor vehicles and Boat|
|Length||287 kilometres (178 mi)|
Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project is a project that will connect the eastern Indian seaport of Kolkata with Sittwe seaport in Myanmar by sea; it will then link Sittwe seaport to Lashio in Myanmar via Kaladan river boat route and then from Lashio on to Mizoram in India by road transport. Originally, the project was scheduled to be completed by 2014, but as of Nov 2014, this project is likely to be completed and fully operational by 2016.
- 1 Route
- 2 Rationale for the Project
- 3 Benefits of the Project
- 4 Project Details
- 5 Current Status
- 6 See Also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 539 km shipping route from seaport of Kolkata in India to Sittwe seaport in Myanmar via Bay of Bengal
- 158 km river boat route from Sittwe seaport to Paletwa jetty via Kaladan river in Myanmar
- 110 km road route from Paletwa jetty to Indo-Myanmar border in Myanmar
- 100 km route from Indo-Myanmar border to Lawngtlai in Mizoram in India by road on National Highway 54 (India) (NH-54), which then continues further to Dabaka in Assam via 850 km long NH-54 which in turn is part of the larger East-West Corridor connecting North East India with the rest of India.
Rationale for the Project
Initially India had tried to persuade Bangladesh to offer transport and transit rights to the northeastern states. However, Bangladesh has consistently refused to grant such rights, including access to its Chittagong port, which is less than 200 km away from Agartala, the capital of Tripura.
Benefits of the Project
This project will reduce distance from Kolkata to Sittwee by approximately 1328 km and will reduce the need to transport good through the narrow Siliguri corridor, also known as Chicken's Neck. This will bring enhanced connectivity, shortened trade routes, reduced logistical end-to-end delivery time, economic prosperity and employment opportunities to the Mizoram and rest of the North East India, as well as Arakan and Shin states of Mayanmar.
The project is being piloted and funded by the Ministry of External Affairs (India). The preliminary feasibility studies were carried out by Rail India Technical and Economic Services (RITES). Construction work on Sittwe port and the boat jetty in Paletwa, as well as the dredging work, will be executed by the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI), with Essar Projects Ltd, a division of the Essar Group appointed in May 2010 as the main contractor.
Major Components of the Project
All the phases are carried out in parallel and expected to be completed by 2015.
Phase-1: Construction of Port at Sittwe
- Phase One is the construction of jetties and a port facility at integrated Port & Inland Water Transport (IWT) terminal at Sittwe in Arakan state of Myanmar. The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and ESSAR Projects Ltd are the implementing partners, and the estimated completion date is June 2014. Construction of integrated Port cum Inland Water Transport (IWT) jetty at Sittwe seaport is substantially completed.
Phase-2: Inland Water Transport (IWT) components
- Development of navigational channel for cargo ships (Barrages) along Kaladan River from Sittwe to Paletwa (158 km). The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and ESSAR Projects Ltd are the implementing partners. Dredging by Myanmar govt started in Feb 2014.
- Construction of an ""Inland Water Transport (IWT) to Road Highway"" transhipment terminal at Paletwa. As of 2014 Nov, this is mostly completed.
- Construction of 6 IWT Barges (300 Ton capacity) for transportation of cargo between Sittwe and Paletwa. This work commenced at Yangon in Feb 2013.
Phase-3 Highway within Myanmar
- Construction of a road highway from Paletwa to India-Myanmar border for 110 km by IRCON International is The construction of stretch / component of road in Myanmar is being arranged by MEA and it will have a separate Project Development Consultant. Phase Three is the construction of a 130 km two-lane highway from Paletwa town to the Myanmar-India border crossing at MyeikWa/Lomasu. The Burma Ministry of Construction and Burmese construction company Max Myanmar Group of Companies are the implementing partners for the road construction in Paletwa township, and the estimated completion date is 2015.
Phase-4: Highway on Indian side
- Phase Four is the construction of a 100 km two-lane highway in Mizoram State from Lomasu to Lawngtlai, at which point it will connect with the existing National Highway 54 (India) (NH 54). Phase four also includes the construction of a Land Customs Station (LCS) at Zorinpui in Mizoram State. The Indian Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region, the Mizoram State Public Works Department and local contractors Ram Dayal Sharma and ARSS-Atlanta are the implemention partners, and the estimated completion date is early 2014. The Border to National Highway 54 (India) (NH 54) at Lawngtlai road on Indian side in Mizoram is in progress and under the overall control of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Govt. of India.
Framework for Project Implementation
- Framework Agreement and two protocols (Protocol on Transit Transport and Protocol on maintenance) signed by the two sides on 2nd April 2008.
- Article 4 of the Framework Agreement provides for appointment of a Project Development Consultant (PDC).
- Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has been appointed as the PDC vide agreement dated 19.3.2009 between Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Burma) (MEA) and Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI). The responsibility of Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) as Project Development Consultant (PDC) is at present for implementation of the Port & Inland Water Transport (IWT) components.
Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project is at present facing problems such as underestimation of the road length in Myanmar and plans to construct hydro-electric projects — Chimtuipui River and Lungleng River — on two tributaries of the Kaladan River followed by another project downstream. That the first two projects are being built by one public sector undertaking and the third is being constructed by another PSU (Public Sector Unit) has also led to coordination issues.Due to construction of this hydro electrical projects, Navigation of boats could be effected.
As of Nov 2014, Indian Minister for North East, General VK Singh said this project is likely to be completed and fully operational by 2016.
- Arunachal Border Highway
- Asian Highway Network
- India-Myanmar-Thailand Friendship Highway
- East-West Industrial Corridor Highway, Arunachal Pradesh
- Mekong-Ganga Cooperation
- Purushothaman, Vakkom. "Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project to link sea route in Myanmar with Mizoram". The Northeast Times. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Highway linking India to Myanmar, Thailand likely by 2016: VK Singh
- Multi-modal project introduction
- Phukan, Papori. "Kaladan Multi-Modal Project In Myanmar". Manipur Online. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project". Arakan Rivers. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Dikshit, Sandeep. "India-Myanmar transport project hits roadblock". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Highway linking India to Myanmar, Thailand likely by 2016: VK Singh
- Detailed report on Kaladan Project: Project Description with Analysis of Positive and Negative Impact