Kalahandi State

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Kalahandi State
Karond State
କଳାହାଣ୍ଡି
Princely State
1006–1948

Flag of Kalahandi

Flag

Location of Kalahandi
Karond State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Capital Bhawanipatna
History
 -  Established 1006
 -  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 -  1892 9,700 km2 (3,745 sq mi)
Population
 -  1892 224,548 
Density 23.1 /km2  (60 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Kalahandi State (Oriya: କଳାହାଣ୍ଡି; Hindi: कालाहंडी), also known as Karond State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was recognized as a state in 1874[1] and had its capital in Bhawanipatna town. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1948.

History[edit]

Kalahandi was the largest of the 26 Feudatory states of Odisha. According to local tradition the state originated with the Naga dynasty beginning to rule Kalahandi area in 1005, therefore the state's coat of arms had two cobras facing each other.[2]

The formerly princely state's territory is now within Kalahandi District.

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Kalahandi princely state belonged to the Nagavanshi Rajput Dynasty[3] and were granted a hereditary salute of 9 guns by the British.[4]

Rajas[edit]

  • 1693 - 1721 Jugasai Deo III
  • 1721 - 1747 Khadag Rai Deo
  • 1747 - 1771 Raisingh Deo III
  • 1771 - 1796 Purusottam Deo
  • 1796 - 1831 Jugasai Deo IV
  • 1831 - 1853 Fateh Narayan Deo
  • 1853 - 7 Apr 1881 Udit Pratap Deo (b. 1839? - d. 1881)
  • 7 Apr 1881 - 20 Oct 1897 Raghu Kesari Deo (b. 1871 - d. 1897)
  • 20 Oct 1897 - 1926 Brij Mohan Deo (b. 1896 - d. 1939)

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1926 - 19 Sep 1939 Brij Mohan Deo (s.a.)
  • 19 Sep 1939 - 15 Aug 1947 Pratap Kishor Deo (b. 1919 - d. 2001)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Princely States
  2. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  3. ^ Rajput Provinces of India - Kalahandi (Princely State)
  4. ^ Kalahandi Princely State (9 gun salute)

Coordinates: 20°04′59″N 83°12′00″E / 20.083°N 83.2°E / 20.083; 83.2