Kalamassery

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Kalamassery
urban suburb
National Highway 47 passing through Kalamassery
National Highway 47 passing through Kalamassery
Kalamassery is located in Kerala
Kalamassery
Kalamassery
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°03′07″N 76°18′57″E / 10.0519694°N 76.3157719°E / 10.0519694; 76.3157719Coordinates: 10°03′07″N 76°18′57″E / 10.0519694°N 76.3157719°E / 10.0519694; 76.3157719
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Area
 • Total 27 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 63,176
 • Density 2,013/km2 (5,210/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.kalamasserymunicipality.in

Kalamassery is a suburb of the city of Kochi[1] and a Municipality in the District of Ernakulam of Kerala state, India. It is a concentrated region of industrialization with several factories and IT companies.[citation needed] Thrikkakara temple, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Unichira and Eloor industrial township are in the vicinity of Kalamassery. The Periyar river flows through Kalamassery.

Etymology[edit]

The name Kalamassery is derived from ‘Kalabasery’. Kalabasery was the place from where Kalabam was brought to Thrikkakara Temple. Later Kalabasery became Kalamassery.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Kalamassery had a population of 63,176. Sex ratio is 956 females per 1000 males. Kalamassery has an average literacy rate of 84%, which is well higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 82%. In Kalamassery, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography[edit]

The soils consists mainly of recent sediments (Alluvium, Teri’s, Brown sand etc.). Red colored sticky soil also found in these areas. Climate is generally tropical, heavy rains accompanied by thunder are common from June through September. The average annual rainfall is about 350 cm.

Economy[edit]

FACT, India’s 1st large scale unit was set up in 1943 for fertilizer. In 1947, FACT Udyogamandal started production of ammonium sulphate with an installed capacity of 10,000 MT nitrogen. FACT became a Kerala State Public Sector Enterprise on 15 August 1960 and on 21 November 1962; the Government of India became a major Shareholder. FACT engineering works was established on 13 April 1966. Aluminium oxide is also produced in Kalamassery.[3] Apollo Tyres tyres acquired the Premier Tyres plant in Kalamassery.[4]

There are also many small scale industries in Kalamassery. A part of South Kalamassery is as an Industrial area, with small scale industries such as perfume making industries and plastic recycling industries. Many people are engaged in employment through these industries. There are also Kudumbasree associations, employing many women.[5]

Places of interest[edit]

Museum of Kerala History[edit]

Museum of Kerala History has representations of 87 figures who shaped the history and culture of Kerala in the last two thousand years. The museum has a collection of 150 dolls, all hand made and detailed, representing the cultural and ethnic diversity of India.[6] The dolls represent young men and women from Gujarat to Nagaland and from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.[6] The gallery depicts mainly specimens of Indian Contemporary Art (Painting and Sculpture) over a period of the last two hundred years. The gallery also displays a mural painting based on the classical Sanskrit drama Shakuntalam] executed in the traditional Kerala. The mural, at 25 ft long and 5 ft wide is one of the largest in Kerala.

Places of worship[edit]

Education[edit]

Kalamassery Municipal office
Rajagiri Public School

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kalamassery
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ Kumar, A. Suresh; Nair, E. N. Muraleedharan; Babu, N. R. S. (1992). An Information guide to Kerala's industrial scenario 1992: towards industrial thought & action. Arya Fine Arts. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Business World. Ananda Bazar Patrika Ltd. October 1996. p. 151. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Basic Services To The Urban Poor (BSUP)". Kudumbashree.org. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Dolls Museum". Artandkeralahistory.org. Retrieved 23 March 2012.