Kalamazoo County, Michigan

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Kalamazoo County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Kalamazoo County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded May 7, 1830[1]
Seat Kalamazoo
Largest city Kalamazoo
Area
 • Total 580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
 • Land 562 sq mi (1,456 km2)
 • Water 19 sq mi (49 km2), 3.2%
Population
 • (2010) 250,331
 • Density 446/sq mi (172/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.kalcounty.com

Kalamazoo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 250,331.[2] The county seat is Kalamazoo.[3]

Kalamazoo County is included in the Kalamazoo, Portage, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Kalamazoo County was organized in 1830, although its set off date is unknown.[1] The village of Kalamazoo (then known as Bronson) was made the county seat in 1831.[4]

The name purportedly means "the mirage or reflecting river" and the original Indian name was "Kikalamazoo".[1] See, Etymology of Kalamazoo for detail on the origin of the name. See also, List of Michigan county name etymologies.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 562 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.2%) is water.[5]

Geographic features[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air service[edit]

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,380
1850 13,179 78.6%
1860 24,646 87.0%
1870 32,054 30.1%
1880 34,342 7.1%
1890 39,273 14.4%
1900 44,310 12.8%
1910 60,327 36.1%
1920 71,225 18.1%
1930 91,368 28.3%
1940 100,085 9.5%
1950 126,707 26.6%
1960 169,712 33.9%
1970 201,550 18.8%
1980 212,378 5.4%
1990 223,411 5.2%
2000 238,603 6.8%
2010 250,331 4.9%
Est. 2013 256,725 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 238,603 people, 93,479 households, and 57,956 families residing in the county. The population density was 425 people per square mile (164/km²). There were 99,250 housing units at an average density of 177 per square mile (68/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.57% White, 9.73% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.83% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. 2.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 11.5% Dutch, 10.3% English, 8.4% Irish and 7.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.7% spoke English and 2.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 93,479 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 15.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,022, and the median income for a family was $53,953. Males had a median income of $39,611 versus $27,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,739. About 6.50% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, provides law enforcement in unincorporated areas, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of December 2010)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Kalamazoo County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ [No author] (1880). History of Kalamazoo County, Michigan, pp. 99-101. Everts & Abbott.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°14′N 85°32′W / 42.24°N 85.53°W / 42.24; -85.53