District location in Uganda
|• Total||9,103.0 km2 (3,514.7 sq mi)|
|• Land||468.3 km2 (180.8 sq mi)|
|• Water||8,634.7 km2 (3,333.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,240 m (4,070 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||141.6/km2 (367/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Kalangala is a district in southern Central Uganda. The district is coterminous with the Ssese Islands in Lake Victoria and does not have territory on mainland Uganda. Like other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Kalangala which is located on Bugala Island, the largest of the Ssese Islands.
Kalangala District is bordered by Mpigi District and Wakiso District to the north, Mukono District to the northeast and east, the Republic of Tanzania to the south, Rakai District to the southwest, Masaka District to the west and Kalungu District to the northwest. The district headquarters at Kalangala, are located approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi), across water, southwest of Entebbe, in Wakiso District. The coordinates of the district are: 00 26S, 32 15E.
Kalangala District covers an area of 9,103 square kilometres (3,515 sq mi), of which only 468.3 square kilometres (180.8 sq mi) (5.1%) is land and the rest is open water. The district is made up of eighty four widely scattered islands in the northwestern part of Lake Victoria of which only forty three are inhabited. The biggest island is Bugala Island which covers 296 square kilometres (114 sq mi) or 63.2% of the district land mass.
The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at about 16,400. Eleven years later, the 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at approximately 34,800, with an annual population growth rate of 6.8%. In 2012, it was estimated that the population of Kalangala District was about 66,300.
The table below illustrates the growth trajectory of the district population during the first decade of the 21st century. All numbers are estimates.
|Kalangala District Population Trends|
The three pillars of the district economy are: (a) fishing (b) tourism and (c) agriculture. The majority of the islanders depend a lot on fishing. The fishermen migrate following the seasonal movements of fish. Overfishing remains a concern.
Due to its location, its climate and its relative isolation, the district is a tourist magnet. Tourist facilities are rudimentary in most areas, although improvements in infrastructure (accommodations, road networks, communications, electricity supply, piped water etc.) are slowly improving.
BIDCO, a private palm oil processor based in Jinja, maintains a 15,000 acres (6,100 ha) palm oil plantation in the district. In addition, outgrower farmers grow palm oil on contract with BIDCO and sell their produce to the processor. Logging is another economic activity that is practiced in the district.