Approach to Kalaupapa Airport, 2008
|IATA: LUP – ICAO: PHLU – FAA LID: LUP|
|Owner||Hawaii Department of Transportation|
|Elevation AMSL||24 ft / 7 m|
Kalaupapa Airport (IATA: LUP, ICAO: PHLU, FAA LID: LUP) is a regional public use airport of the state of Hawaii, located on the northern peninsula of the island of Molokaʻi, two nautical miles (4 km) north of Kalaupapa Settlement, in Kalawao County. Most flights to Kalaupapa originate from Molokai Airport or from airports on the other Hawaiian islands by unscheduled air taxis and general aviation. It is also used as a cargo facility carrying goods for Kalaupapa, which has no road access from the rest of Molokai.
The airport offers scheduled passenger service from Makani Kai Air, which began providing Essential Air Service (EAS) subsidized scheduled passenger service in January 2012, using two nine-seat Cessna Grand Caravans. Previously, Pacific Wings had provided scheduled passenger service at Kalaupapa; this was subsidized by the EAS program from 2000 until April 2007, when Pacific Wings began providing subsidy-free service. Pacific Wings ceased operations in Hawaii in 2013.
As per the Federal Aviation Administration, this airport had 3,206 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2007, 3,135 enplanements in 2008, 2,035 in 2009, and 1,217 in 2010. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a non-primary commercial service airport based on enplanements in 2008 (between 2,500 and 10,000 per year). However, based on annual enplanements in 2009 and 2010, it would be categorized as general aviation.
Facilities and aircraft
Kalaupapa Airport covers an area of 55 acres (22 ha) at an elevation of 24 feet (7 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 5/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 2,700 by 75 feet (823 x 23 m).
Facilities include a small passenger terminal and airport support areas. The airport does not have a control tower. To comply with the wishes of the community and to minimize disturbance to the surrounding national park, no significant improvements are planned.
Airlines and destinations
The following airline offers scheduled passenger service:
|Makani Kai Air||Honolulu, Molokai |
|Carrier||Passengers (arriving and departing)|
|1||Honolulu, HI||Honolulu International (HNL)||1,760||1,730|
|2||Hoolehua, HI||Molokai Airport (MKK)||1,440||1,440|
Kalaupapa Airport is part of a centralized state structure governing all of the airports and seaports of Hawaii. The official authority of Kalaupapa Airport is the Governor of Hawaii. He or she appoints the Director of the Hawaii State Department of Transportation who has jurisdiction over the Hawaii Airports Administrator.
The Hawaii Airports Administrator oversees six governing bodies: Airports Operations Office, Airports Planning Office, Engineering Branch, Information Technology Office, Staff Services Office, Visitor Information Program Office. Collectively, the six bodies have authority over the four airport districts in Hawaii: Hawaiʻi District, Kauaʻi District, Maui District and the principal Oʻahu District. Kalaupapa Airport is a subordinate of the Maui District officials.
On December 11, 2013, a Makani Kai Air Cessna Grand Caravan bound for Honolulu crashed into the ocean shortly after taking off from Kalauapapa. One passenger, state health department head Loretta Fuddy, was killed; the other seven passengers and the pilot survived.
- FAA Airport Master Record for LUP ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective April 5, 2012.
- "Makani Kai’s focus on making travel ‘affordable’ for Kalaupapa residents". The Maui News. January 14, 2012.
- "Makani Kai launches subsidized air service to Kalaupapa". Hawaii Business. January 17, 2012.
- "Cheaper Now to Fly into Kalaupapa". Hawaii Business. March 2012.
- "Order 2006-12-3: Pacific Wings to provide subsidy-free EAS beginning April 1, 2007". U.S. Department of Transportation. December 7, 2006.
- Segal, Dave (May 13, 2013). "Pacific Wings pulling out of Hawaii". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "Longest-serving pilot on world’s shortest flight retires", Skift.com, May 27, 2013 (accessed 2014-01-22).
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009.
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011.
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010.
- "Flight Schedule". Makani Kai Air Charters. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "Kalaupapa, HI: Kalaupapa Airport (LUP)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. December 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- "State Health Director killed in plane crash, 8 others survive", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, December 11, 2013.
- Essential Air Service documents (Docket DOT-OST-2000-6773) from the U.S. Department of Transportation:
- Order 2002-8-10 (August 12, 2002): selecting Pacific Wings, Inc., to continue to provide subsidized EAS at Hana, Kalaupapa and Kamuela, Hawaii, for an additional two-year period, beginning when it inaugurates service with 9-seat Cessna Caravan aircraft. Annual subsidy rates are $1,048,555 for Hana; $514,093 for Kalaupapa; and $781,270 for Kamuela for the first year; the second-year rates are approximately ten percent lower.
- Order 2005-3-34 (March 24, 2005): re-selecting Pacific Wings Airlines to provide essential air service (EAS) at Hana, Kalaupapa, and Kamuela, Hawaii, for the period from April 1, 2005, through March 31, 2007, at an annual rate of $1,597,422 for the first year and at an annual rate of $1,501,752 for the second year.
- Order 2006-12-3 (December 4, 2006): terminating the carrier-selection proceeding for Essential Air Service at Hana, Kalaupapa, and Kamuela, Hawaii. The incumbent EAS carrier, Pacific Wings, has proposed to continue to provide all three communities' EAS on a subsidy-free basis beginning April 1, 2007.
- Ninety-Day Notice (December 6, 2010): from Pacific Wings L.L.C. of intent to terminate service at Kalaupapa in order to trigger an EAS Request for proposal.
- Order 2010-12-30 (December 23, 2010): prohibiting Pacific Wings L.L.C. from suspending service at Kalaupapa, Hawaii, and requesting proposals from carriers interested in providing essential air service (EAS) at the community for a two-year period, with or without subsidy.
- Notice (January 25, 2011): from Pacific Wings withdrawing its notice of intent to claim EAS subsidy at Kalaupapa, Hawaii. Pacific Wings will continue to provide the current level of service to Kalaupapa without subsidy.
- Order 2011-4-7 (April 6, 2011): requesting a second round of proposals from carriers interested in providing Essential Air Service (EAS) at Kalaupapa, Hawaii, for a two-year period, with or without subsidy
- Order 2011-11-27 (November 22, 2011): selects Schuman Aviation Company Ltd. d/b/a Makani Kai Air Charters to provide subsidized Essential Air Service (EAS) with nine-seat Cessna Grand Caravans at Kalaupapa, Hawaii, for the two-year period beginning when the carrier begins full EAS, for a first-year subsidy rate of $932,772, and a second-year subsidy rate of $923,509.
- Order 2014-6-12 (June 19, 2014): re-selects Schuman Aviation Company Ltd. d/b/a Makani Kai Charters to provide subsidized Essential Air Service (EAS) with nine-seat Cessna Grand Caravan, or nine-seat Piper Chieftain aircraft, at Kalaupapa, Hawaii, for the four-year period from June 1, 2014, through May 31, 2018. That service will continue the current service of 12 nonstop round trips a week to Honolulu, and 18 nonstop round trips a week to Molokai. The first-year subsidy rate will be $751,040, the second year subsidy rate will be $730,848, the third year subsidy rate will be $710,656, and the fourth year subsidy rate will be $690,463.
- Kalaupapa Airport page at Hawaii DOT
- FAA Terminal Procedures for LUP, effective December 11, 2014
- Resources for this airport: