Kalavati

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Kalavati is a modern pentatonic Hindustani raga; Re (the second tone) and Ma (the fourth tone) are omitted. Kalavati belongs to the Khamaj thaat.

Aroha and Avaroha[edit]

Ārohana S G P D N S'
In the Western scale, assuming S == C, this would roughly translate to: C E G A Bes c

Avarohana S' N D P G S


Kalavati used (komal) ni as a Vakra Svara in Aroha
P D N D S'

Vadi and Samavadi[edit]

The Vadi is Pa, while the Samvadi Sa [1]

Pakad or Chalan[edit]

Komal Ni is weak in Aroha and often dropped: G P D n D S' or S G P D S', but in Tanas G P D n S' is also taken
Komal Ni is also Andolita G P D n~ D P
It's also used as G P D n - S' D G P D S n - D P

[1]

Organization & Relationships[edit]

Kalavati is derived from a Carnatic raga (see also Yagapriya). According to J.D. Patki the raga has been popularized in Maharastra by Pandit Rao Nagarkar, Roshan Ara Begum and Gangubai Hangal. B.Subba Rao explains the Carnatic Kalavati as omitting ga and Ni in aroha and Ni in Avaroha, using komal Re. That would make it closer to raga Jansamohini

In Carnatic music[edit]

In Carnatic music, Kalavati is approximated as Valachi or Valaji, and is considered to be S G P D n S/S n D P G S, and a janya of the 28th Melakartha, Harikambhoji.

Behavior[edit]

G is often a starting note of a combination: G G P D n D P G. While returning to Sa a descending meend is taken from Ga to Sa
other movements:
S, G P, G\S ṇ Ḍ S, S PG P, DP GS, G P D - - D - - n D P, G G P D n~ , n D P, G P, G P D n D, nD S', S' G' S' S' G' P' G' S' n D, G P D, n n D P, G D P, G n D, G'\S' n D, n D P G P DP G\S, ṇ Ḍ S - | G P D n S n D P G\S - || [1]

Samay (Time)[edit]

Midnight

Historical Information[edit]

Important Recordings[edit]

  • Imrat Khan, L.P.record No. EASD-1358
  • Nishat Khan, "Sentimental Sitar", Super Cassettes Ind (1994). Ltd, as CD: SICCD 042
  • Prabha Atre, "Classical Vocal: Maru Bihag, Kalavati, Thumri Mishra Khamaj", HMV

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moutal p.461

External links[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Moutal, Patrick (1991), A Comparative Studie of Selected Hindustānī Rāga-s, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, ISBN 81-215-0526-7 
  • Patki, J.D. (1971–1975), Aprakāśita Rāga (3 Vols.), Hathras: Sangeet Karyalaya 
  • Patwardhan, Narayan Rao (1961–1974), Rāga Vijñāna (7 Vols.), Poona: Sangeet Gaurav Granthmala 
  • Rao, B. Subba (1964–1966), Rāganidhi (vols 2,3,4), Madras: Music Academy