Kalavryta

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Kalavryta
Καλάβρυτα
Kalavryta, as seen from the memorial site.
Kalavryta, as seen from the memorial site.
Location
Kalavryta is located in Greece
Kalavryta
Kalavryta
Coordinates 38°2′N 22°7′E / 38.033°N 22.117°E / 38.033; 22.117Coordinates: 38°2′N 22°7′E / 38.033°N 22.117°E / 38.033; 22.117
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Achaea
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 11,045
 - Area: 1,065.5 km2 (411 sq mi)
 - Density: 10 /km2 (27 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 6,011
 - Area: 531.8 km2 (205 sq mi)
 - Density: 11 /km2 (29 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 1,829
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation: 758 m ­(2487 ft)
Postal code: 250 01
Telephone: 26940
Auto: ΑΧ
Website
www.depapoz.gr/site/

Kalavryta (Greek: Καλάβρυτα) is a town and a municipality in the mountainous east-central part of the regional unit of Achaea, Greece. The town is located on the right bank of the river Vouraikos, 24 kilometres (15 miles) south of Aigio, 40 km (25 miles) southeast of Patras and 62 km (39 miles) northwest of Tripoli. Notable mountains in the municipality are Mount Erymanthos in the west and Aroania or Chelmos in the southeast. Kalavryta is the southern terminus of the Diakopto-Kalavryta Railway, built by Italian engineers between 1885 and 1895.

History[edit]

Kalavryta is built near the ancient city of Cynaetha.

During the late Middle Ages, the town was the centre of the Barony of Kalavryta within the Frankish Principality of Achaea, until it was reconquered by the Byzantines in the 1270s. After that it remained under Byzantine control until the fall of the Despotate of the Morea to the Ottoman Turks in 1460. With the exception of a 30-year interlude of Venetian control, the town remained under Turkish rule until the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, in whose early stages Kalavryta figures prominently: it was here that on 21 March 1821 the flag of the revolt was raised at the monastery of Agia Lavra by bishop Germanos III of Old Patras.

Mt Chelmos near Kalavryta.
Kalavryta.

On 13 December 1943, in what is commemorated as the Massacre of Kalavryta, allegedly in retribution for the killing of 81 German soldiers captured by partisans during the Nazi occupation in World War II, German troops ordered all male residents of Kalavryta, aged 14 years and up, to gather in a field just outside the village. There, they machine-gunned down 696 of them. Only 13 survived. After that they burnt down the town before they left and the next day they burnt down the Monastery of Agia Lavra, birthplace of the Greek War of Independence. Post-war, the federal Government of Germany offered gestures of atonement in the form of free school books for the high school, scholarships for orphans of the massacre and built an old peoples' home. No German commanders, (e.g. Major Ebersberger who carried out the destruction of Kalavryta; Hauptmann Dohnert who led the firing party), were ever brought to justice for these events

Historical population[edit]

Year Community Municipal unit Municipality
1981 2,015 - -
1991 2,111 8,306 -
2001 1,942 8,580 -
2011 1,829 6,011 11,045

Landmarks[edit]

The memorial site.
View of the Cathedral.
The railway station.

In Kastria, in the municipal unit of Lefkasi, there is the famous cave system Spilaio ton Limnon ("Cave of the Lakes") which is filled with beautiful lakes and strange rock formations. Kalavryta has a ski centre which is located east of town, on the slopes of Chelmos. The monastery of Agia Lavra is located on a hill 4 km (2 mi) southwest of Kalavryta. Another famous monastery nearby is Mega Spilaio which is located 8 km (5 mi) northeast.

Administration[edit]

The municipality Kalavryta was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit of Kalavryta is divided into the following communities:

Province[edit]

The province of Kalavryta (Greek: Επαρχία Καλαβρύτων) was one of the provinces of Achaea. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[3] It was abolished in 2006.

Notable persons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)

External links[edit]