Gulbarga

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Gulbarga district.
Gulbarga
ಗುಲ್ಬರ್ಗಾ
Coordinates: 17°20′00″N 76°50′00″E / 17.3333°N 76.8333°E / 17.3333; 76.8333Coordinates: 17°20′00″N 76°50′00″E / 17.3333°N 76.8333°E / 17.3333; 76.8333
Country India
State Karnataka
Region Bayaluseeme
District Gulbarga District
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Elevation 454 m (1,490 ft)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585101
Telephone code 91 8472
Vehicle registration KA-32
Website http://www.gulbargacity.gov.in, http://KA32.in

Gulbarga also known as Kalburgi is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Gulbarga District. Gulbarga is 623 km north of the state capital Bangalore and 200 km from Hyderabad. It was formerly part of Hyderabad state ruled by Nizams.

Etymology[edit]

In Persian language Gul means flower and barga means garden thus making Gulbarga. The fort of Gulbarga is constructed like "Rosegarden" thus it is called as Gulbarga and the fort is 0.25sqkm.[clarification needed].

History[edit]

In the 6th century, the Rashtrakutas gained control over the area around present-day Gulbarga, but the Chalukyas regained their domain and reigned for over two hundred years. Around the close of the 12th century, the Yadavas of Devagiri and the Hoysalas of Halebidu took control of the district. The present Gulbarga District and Raichur District formed part of their domain.

The city of Gulbarga was founded by the Bahmani Sultans in the 14th century as their capital. The northern Deccan, including the district of Gulbarga, passed under control of the Sultanate of Delhi. The revolt of the officers appointed from Delhi resulted in founding of the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347 by Hassan Gangu, who chose Gulbarga (Ahsenabad during this period) to be his capital.

From 1724 to 1948 Gulbarga was part of Hyderabad state ruled by the Nizams. It was integrated into India in September 1948 after the Indian army defeated the Nizam. Gulbarga means "place of flowers and petals" in poetic Persian. Gulbarga district is situated in the northern part of Karnataka State. In the earlier days, Gulbarga was a district of Hyderabad Karnataka area and became a part of Karnataka State after re-organization of states.

Recorded history of this district dates back to the 6th Century A.D. The Rashtrakutas gained control over the area but the Chalukyas regained their domain within a short period and regained supreme for over two hundred years. The Kalaharis who succeeded them ruled till the 12th century AD. Around the close of the 12th century.

The Yadavas of Devagiri and the Hoysalas of Dwarasamadra destroyed the supremacy of the Chalukyas and kalachuris. About the same period the kakatiya kings of Warangal came into prominence and the present Gulbarga and Raichur districts formed part of their domain. The Kakatiya power was subdued in 1321 AD and the entire Deccan including the district of Gulbarga passed under the control of the Emperors of Delhi.

The revolt of the officers appointed from Delhi resulted in founding of the Bahmani kingdom in 1347 AD, by Hassan Gangu who chose Gulbarga to be his capital. When the Bahmani dynasty came to an end, the kingdom broke up into five independent Sultanates and the present Gulbarga district came partly under Bidar and partly under Bijapur.

With the conquest of the Deccan by Aurangezeb in the 17th century, Gulbarga passed back to the Mughal Empire. In the early part of the 18th century when Mughal Empire was declining Asaf Jha a general of Aurangzeb became independent and formed the Hyderabad State in which a major part of Gulbarga area was also included. In 1948 Hyderabad state became a part of Indian Union and in 1956, excluding two talukas which were annexed to Andhra Pradesh the remaining talukus of Gulbarga district became part of New Mysore State.

Gulbarga is 613 km north of Bangalore and well connected by road to Bijapur, Hyderabad and Bidar. Train from southern part of India to Mumbai and Delhi passes through Gulbarga. The government has given green signal for airport. The Airport is under construction near a village called Srinivas Saradagi). Shri Kshetra Gangapur a well known pilgrimage place for devotees of God Shri Sadguru Dattarya is very close from Gulbarga. The climate of the district is generally dry with temperatures ranging from 5c to 45c and an annual rainfall of about 750mm. The entire district is situated in Deccan Plateau and the general elevation ranges from 300 to 750 meters above MSL.

Two main rivers, Krishna and Bhima, also flow in the district. The predominant type of soil found in the district is black soil. The district has a large number of tanks which in addition to the rivers irrigate the land. The Upper Krishna Project is major irrigational venture in the district. Jowar, groundnut, rice, and pulses are the main crops. Gulbarga is the highest producer of toor dal or pigeon pea in Karnataka. Gulbarga an industrially backward district is presently showing signs of growth in the Cement, textile, leather and chemical industries sectors. Gulbarga has a University with Medical and Engineering Colleges.

This town was the Bahmani capital form 1347 until its transfer to Bidar in 1428 Later the kingdom broke up into a number of smaller kingdoms – Bijapur, Bidar, Berar, Ahmednager and Golconda. The last of these, Golconda, finally fell to Aurangzeb in 1687. Gulbarg's old moated fort is in a much deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside including the Jama Masjid, reputed tohave been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain. The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 75 smaller still all the way around. The fort itself has 15 towers. Gulbarga also has a number of imposing tombs of Bahmani kings, a shrine to Syed Muhammad Hussaini better known as Khaja Bande Nawaz and the Sharana Basaveshwara Temple.Gulbarga was also known as Sheriff-e-Gulbarga;however today it is known as Gulbarga.

Climate[edit]

The weather in Gulbarga consists of three main seasons. The summer spans from late February to mid-June. It is followed by the southwest monsoon, which spans from late June to late September. It is then followed by dry winter weather until mid-January.

Temperatures during the different seasons are:

  • Summer : 26 C to 39 °C
  • Monsoon: 23 to 32 °C
  • Winter : 04 to 31 °C
Climate data for Gulbarga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 85.6 89.6 95 100.4 101.3 93.2 86 86.9 87.8 87.8 85.3 84.2 90.26
Average low °F 60.4 63.3 72.1 76.8 77.7 75.2 73.2 72.5 72.7 70.7 64.8 59.4 69.9
Precipitation inches 0.106 0.173 0.177 0.713 1.551 4.689 4.587 5.843 7.346 4.142 1.098 0.181 30.606
Average high °C 29.8 32.0 35.0 38.0 38.5 34.0 30.0 30.5 31.0 31.0 29.6 29.0 32.37
Average low °C 15.8 17.4 22.3 24.9 25.4 24.0 22.9 22.5 22.6 21.5 18.2 15.2 21.06
Precipitation mm 2.7 4.4 4.5 18.1 39.4 119.1 116.5 148.4 186.6 105.2 27.9 4.6 777.4
Source: IMD

Demographics[edit]

A street in Gulbarga

As of the 2014 India census,[1] Gulbarga had a population of 1,101,989. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Gulbarga has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 30%. In Gulbarga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kannada and Urdu are the main languages spoken in this city.

Religions in Gulbarga
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
64%
Muslims
  
34%
Christians
  
1%
Others†
  
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Tourism[edit]

There are beautiful places in and around Gulbarga to visit namely  : Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Shri Kshetra Ganagapur (Ganagapur), a well known pilgrimage of God Shri Sadguru Dattatreya Narasimha Saraswati, Sri. Hulakantheshwar Temple (Herur. B), and the Ghathargi Bhagayavanti Temple (Afzalpur Taluk) located on the bank of Bhima river. Places of religious importance in Gulbarga are the Khwaja Bande Nawaz Dargah, Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Buddha Vihar and Sheikh Roza Dargah. Devotees from all over the world visit these places of worship.

Cuisine[edit]

Jolada Rotti: Jolada Rotti/Jowari Bhakri (Known as Sorghum in western world) is the staple diet of the region. It is prepared from jowar flour. Jolada Rotti or Jwarichi Bhakri is served with a traditional curries, especially Brinjal curry and spiced Groundnut powder& yogurt. Generally, the food in Gulbarga is believed to be very spicy when compared with the rest of the state.

Hoorana Holige : A variant of Puran Poli of Maharashtra. This is a sweet which is a speciality in the place and prepared on all festivals. It is kind of stuffed pancake. Chickpeas and Jaggery are ground and stuffed into wheat flour and then cooked. This is served with mango pulp as a side dish.

Tahari : The best dish in north karnataka is Gulbarga Tahari . Tahari is prepared by adding the meat to the rice, as opposed to the traditional Biryani where the rice is added to the meat.

Malpuri : Malpuri also known as "mamu ki malpuri" is quite famous sweet of Gulbarga and is best sweet in north karnataka. It is best eaten when freshly hot, and the time to buy it fresh is around 4pm

Transport[edit]

Gulbarga Railway Station

Gulbarga is well connected by road and railways to Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad and other major cities. The airport is under construction near a village called Srinivas Saradagi. Gulbarga has a 55.5-kilometre (34.5 mi) long, four-laned ring road.[2]

Local transport[edit]

Auto rickshaws are available for getting around the city at fairly reasonable rates. NEKRTC (Nrupatunga) city buses circulate within the city and also travel to the nearby towns and villages.

Long-distance bus routes[edit]

Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs a bus service to other cities and villages. There are also various private bus services. The Bidar-Srirangapatna state highway made travel easy to Bangalore, and neighbouring states of Maharashtra, Goa. There are many private services running Volvo buses between Bangalore and Gulbarga, and between Mumbai and Gulbarga.

Railways[edit]

Gulbarga railway station is served by the Solapur-Guntakal line which is part of Mumbai-Chennai line and is well connected by trains to all major parts of India such as Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Trivandrum, Kanyakumari, Pune, Bhubaneswar, Bhopal and Agra. A project of connecting Gulbarga to Bidar through rail is still in progress. Once completed it will help to reduce travel time between Bangalore and New Delhi by 6–7 hours. Gulbarga railway station comes under Central Railway.[3]

Airport[edit]

A minor airport is being developed in Gulbarga on a public-private-partnership basis and the airport is expected to be operational by Mid 2014(Actual date UnKnown).[4]

Education[edit]

City also has two Medical Colleges: Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College(MRMC) & KBN Medical College. There are three dental colleges one run by HKE society and another by Albadar trust,ESI hospital.

There are 6 engineering colleges in the city run by various educational groups. State of the art the next generation Robotics & VLSI design training & Development center is also started By Name Bahasa Robotics close to PDA Engineering college.

Also Gulbarga has a university, Gulbarga University, established in 1980. Its jurisdiction extends to the six districts of Gulbarga, Yadgir district Bidar, Raichur, Bellary and Koppal. Earlier it was a post-graduate center of Karnataka University, Dharwad since 1970. The main campus is situated on 860 acres (3.5 km2) of land, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Gulbarga city. It has 37 post-graduate departments and 4 post-graduate centres located at Krishnadevarayanagar, Bellary, Raichur and Bidar. Another post-graduate centre at Basavakalyan is on the anvil. The University enrolls about 3500 students every year for various post-graduate, M.Phil. and PhD programmes in various disciplines. There are about 200 faculty members and about 700 technical and non-technical supporting staff. There are 230 colleges affiliated with this University which enroll graduate/diploma courses in arts, fine arts, music, social sciences, science and technology, commerce, education and law. There are several institutions which offer a good education in the field nursing, to name some Vijaykumar College of Nursing, H.K.E Societies C.O.N, Al Kareem, Al qamar, etc.

The City also hosts the Karnataka Central University. Gulbarga is known as the 'City of Education' for its institutions managed by private as well as the government sector.

Politics[edit]

Gulbarga has been home to two ex-chief minister of Karnataka, namely Veerendra Patil (1968–1971, 1988–1990) and Dharam Singh (2004–2006); both belonged to the Congress party. Mallikarjun Kharge is the present Member of Parliament and was also the Former Union Minister for Railways. The Member of Legislative Assembly from Gulbarga are : Qamar-ul-Islam (Gulbarga North), Dattatraya Revoor (Gulbarga South) and G. Ramkrishna (Gulbarga Rural).

Shrines and Domes[edit]

Famous Dargah of Khwaja Banda Nawaz

The City Gulbarga is covered with many shrines and domes built in Islamic style. One of the famous Dargah is of Khwaja Banda Nawaz, who was a famous Sufi saint from India of the Chishti Order, who advocated understanding, tolerance and harmony among various religious groups. Banda Nawaz was born to Syed Muhammad Hussaini in Delhi in 1321. At the age of four, his family shifted to Daulatabad in Deccan (now in Maharashtra). In 1397, he went to Gulbarga, Deccan (presently in Karnataka) at the invitation of Sultan Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah.

At the age of fifteen, he returned to Delhi for his education and training by Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehlavi. He was also a very enthusiastic student of Hazrat Kethli, Hazrat Tajuddin Bahadur and Qazi Abdul Muqtadir. After teaching at various places such as Delhi, Mewath, Gwalior, Chander, Aircha, Chatra, Chanderi, Miandhar, Baroda, Khambayat and Gulbarga in 1397 and died in Gulbarga in the year November 1422.

Mane more big and small shrines and dargahs are also located at different parts of Gulbarga city. Sirajuddin Junaidi and many other saints have selected this city as their last home.

Attractions[edit]

Sharana Basaveshwara Temple
  • Gulbarga's old moated fort is in a deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside including the Jama Masjid Gulbarga, reputed to have been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain. The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 63 smaller still all the way around. The fort itself has 15 towers.
  • Sri Kshetra Ghangapur is a famous pilgrimage center of God Sri Sadguru Dattatreya, situated very close to Gulbarga. Thousands of pilgrims visit Gulbarga during the annual festival held at the holy shrine of Khwaja Bande Nawaz Darga to commemorate his birth anniversary.
  • Buddha Vihar of Siddarth trust, inaugurated by president of India, Pratibha Patil, Mallikarjun Kharge and Dalai lama on 7 January, is another place of attractions in Gulbarga, attracting all ages of community. It is located about 2 km from Gulbarga University. It has a big meditation hall.
  • Sharanbasaveshvar garden on the tank bund road.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ "PROJECT NAME : GULBARGA RING ROAD". Karnataka Road Development Corporation Limited. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "GULBARGA Railway Station". 
  4. ^ "Gulbarga Minor Airport". The Economic Times. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.