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|Ville de Kalemie|
|Motto: Build our Nation, Spirit of Patriotism|
|[[File:Location in the Congo|250px]]|
|Country||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
Kalemie, formerly Albertville or Albertstad, is a town on the western shore of Lake Tanganyika in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The town is next to the exit of the Lukuga River flowing out from Lake Tanganyika to the Lualaba River.
The military post of Albertville was founded on 30 December 1891 by Captain Jacques of the Congo Free State. It was located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the Lukuga River. Sergeant Alexis Vrithoff was killed on 5 April 1892 when defending Albertville against an attack by Arab slavers. The station was besieged by the Arabs based at Kataki from 16 August 1892 until 1 January 1893. After the Arabs left the territory, the original Albertville was gradually abandoned, and the name became attached to the military post of M'Toa to the north of the Lukuga, the site of present-day Kalemie.
In 1914 Albertville was the base for the Belgian forces in the East African campaign. The railway reached Albertville in 1915, and in 1916 the port was created and the coal works at Greinerville opened. At the end of 1940 a South African military base was established at Albertville, later British, to manage troops in Kenya and Abyssinia.
Albertville was attacked by mercenaries under Major Mike Hoare during operations against the Simba Rebellion in August 1964. In 1971, as a result of Zairianization, Albertville changed its name to Kalemie. The Town also hosts the major University of Kalemie, which maintains a library.
|Climate data for Kalemie|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||24.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||122
Airlines and destinations
|Compagnie Africaine d'Aviation||Beni, Bunia, Bukavu, Goma, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kongolo, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi|
|Wimbi Dira Airways||Kananga, Kinshasa-N'djili, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi|
Kalemie lies at the centre of railway lines to Nyunzu, Kindu, Kabalo and Lubumbashi. The construction of a railway Kalemie to Bukavu through the town of Baraka to open up the Kivu region was proposed.
Although French is the official language, the main in Kalemie is Kiswahili although it is not the 'pure' form found in Tanzania. The dialect of Kiswahili spoken all down the east side of Congo (including the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu, Maniema, Katanga and Oriental, Western Kasai and Eastern Kasai) and almost all the way across to the Katangan border with Angola is called Kingwana.
The port at Kalemie was built to connect the Great Lakes rail line (from the Kabalo junction on the Lualaba River) to the Tanzanian lake port and railhead at Kigoma, from where the Tanzanian Central Railway Line runs to the seaport of Dar es Salaam. The port was built with a 130 m wharf and 3 mobile cranes, giving it a capacity of 500 tonnes per day with two shifts. However, the cranes are non functional, and vessels cannot reach the wharf due to silting up of the lake next to it. The buildings of the port also require rehabilitation. Moreover, the railway line for 100 km west of Kalemie is 'very degraded' and not fully operational.
Kalemie Port is operated by the railway company SNCC which also operates the railways in DR Congo (except for the Matadi-Kinshasa line) as well as boat services on the eastern waterways in the country.
The Lake Tanganyika earthquake struck on December 5, 2005. The epicentre was approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) below the surface of Lake Tanganyika, some 55 km south-east of Kalemie. At least dozens of houses were destroyed.
- Auzias & Labourdette 2006, p. 211.
- S.J.G. Clarke, 'The Congo Mercenary: A History and Analysis,' South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 1968, p.43-45
- "Climate:Kalemie". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Compagnie Africaine d'Aviation timetable (August 2013)
- BBC news website.
- "Villes de RD Congo - Kalemie" (in French). MONUC. 2006-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Web site of Kalemie / Bukavu / Kalima area
- Accident history for FMI at Aviation Safety Network
- Airport information for FZRF at Great Circle Mapper.
- Airport information for FZRF at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.