|Municipality and town|
Location of Kalesija within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality president||Rasim Omerović (SDA)|
|• Total||201 km2 (78 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||183/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+387 35|
Kalesija is a town and municipality in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town of Kalesija is located east of Tuzla. It is administratively part of the Tuzla Canton and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In the area of municipality Kalesija there are six elementary schools. They are located in Kalesija Rainci Gornji, Gojcinu, Memići, Vukovije and Tojšići.
Atik Mosque in Tojšići was built at the end of 16th century.
Kalesija during the Yugoslav Wars
On 2 May 1992 Kalesija was one of the first Bosnian towns to be caught in the initial Serbian offensive. On 11 May 1992, Kalesija and territory east of the river Bjeljevac except for the settlements of Zukići and Jajić were placed under occupation.
On 23 May 1992, Kalesija was retaken by Bosnian forces.
Consequences of the occupation included ethnic cleansing, population displacement and suffering, many people being taken to the camps, the destruction of Kalesija villages, destruction of religious buildings and industrial plants.
Dayton peace agreement appointed a new administrative arrangement of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 71 km2 (26.1%) of the territory of the municipality Kalesija became the new municipality of Osmaci. The following villages now form the municipality of Osmaci: Mahala, Hajvazi, Caparde, Kulina, Kusonje, Kosovača, Vilčevići, Matkovac, Osmaci, Šeher, Rakino Brdo, Borogovo, Sajtovići, Like and Drvenice.
The 1971 Yugoslav census showed that the population of Kalesija was 32,577 inhabitants, made up of:
- 24,771 Bosniaks - (76.03%)
- 7,606 Serbs - (23.34%)
- 40 Croats - (0.12%)
- 23 Yugoslavs - (0.07%)
- 137 others - (0.44%)
In the 1991 census, the municipality of Kalesija had 41,795 inhabitants:
- 33,226 Bosniaks (79.5%)
- 7,669 Serbs (18.4%)
- 33 Croats (0.1%)
- 270 Yugoslavs (0.6%)
- 597 others (0.4%)
Today, the population of Kalesija is uncertain since no census has been conducted after 1991. However, it is certain that during the 1990s, the municipality of Kalesija received approximately 4,000 Bosniak refugees from primarily the nearby municipalities of Zvornik and Bijeljina. At the same time, parts of the Serb population left, after Kalesija became an administratively part of the Tuzla Canton and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
So, today it is safe to say that the municipality of Kalesija has a clear Bosniak majority with a population of approx. 40,000 (est.) residents.
The results of the 2013 census will be announced in January 2014.
• Babina Luka • Borogovo • Brezik • Bulatovci • Caparde • Dubnica • Gojčin • Hajvazi • Hrasno Donje • Hrasno Gornje • Jeginov Lug • Jelovo Brdo • Kalesija • Kikači • Kosovača • Kulina • Kusonje • Lipovice • Mahala • Matkovac • Memići • Miljanovci • Osmaci • Petrovice • Prnjavor • Rainci Donji • Rainci Gornji • Rakino Brdo • Sajtovići • Sarači • Seljublje • Staro Selo • Šeher • Tojšići • Vilčevići • Vukovije Donje • Vukovije Gornje • Zelina • Zolje • Zukići
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