Southern Kurdish

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kalhori)
Jump to: navigation, search
Southern Kurdish
Kirmaşanî فیلی
Native to Eastern Iraq, Western Iran
Region Western Iran and neighboring eastern Iraq
Native speakers
4 million in Iran  (2000)[1]
Hawar alphabet, Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
sdh – Kirmaşanî
lki – Laki
Linguasphere 58-AAA-c
{{{mapalt}}}

Southern Kurdish (Southern Kurdish: Kurdî Xuarîn), also called Kirmaşanî, is a dialect of the Northwestern Iranian languages and is predominantly spoken in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan) and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin (Xaneqîn), all the way to Mandali, Pehle. It has more than one million speakers in the city of Baghdad. It is also the language of the populous Kurdish Kakayî-Kakavand tribe near Kerkuk. There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish Dialects group found in the Alburz mountains.

Southern Kurdish which is spoken in Iran in Ilam and Kermanshah provinces, is very similar to Laki which is spoken in Lorestan, Hamedan, and Kermanshah. Southern dialects standard written form is like standard Kurdish alphabet.

Dialects[edit]

The dialects of Southern Kurdish are:

  • Kermanshahi (Kirmaşanî) is spoken mostly in western Iran, in and around the city of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan).
  • Kalhori کلهری
  • Feyli, referring to the Feyli tribe; also known an Ilami, after Ilam Province. It is spoken in eastern Iraq in the Khanaqin region of Diyala province near the Iranian border, and in western Iran in Ilam province and parts of Kermanshah province, by the Feyli Kurds. Mahaki is a sub-dialect. It is spoken by the tribe of Ali Sherwan (Beyrey) in Ilam, and by almost all Feyli Kurds in Baghdad, Mandali, Badrah, and Zorbatiah in Iraq. It shares many features with Sorani.[2]
  • Garrusi (Gerrûsî) (Bijari)
  • Malekshahi (Melikşay)
  • Sanjâbi (Sincawî) referring to the language of Sanjâbi people. It is closely related to Laki.
  • Laki (see)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirmaşanî at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Laki at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Ranjbar, Vahid. Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388

↑ 5. Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. 55-62 ↑ 6. Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. ۵۵-۶۲