Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant

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Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant
Udomlya Kalinin AES.jpg
Country Russia
Coordinates 57°54′20″N 35°03′37″E / 57.90556°N 35.06028°E / 57.90556; 35.06028Coordinates: 57°54′20″N 35°03′37″E / 57.90556°N 35.06028°E / 57.90556; 35.06028
Status Operational
Construction began 1 February 1977
Commission date 12 June 1985
Operator(s) Rosenergoatom
Power generation
Units operational 4 x 1000 MW
Annual generation 20,106 GWh

The Kalinin Nuclear Power Station (Russian: Калининская АЭС [About this sound pronunciation ]) is located about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north west of Moscow, in Tver Oblast near the town of Udomlya. Owner and operator of the plant is the state enterprise Rosenergoatom. Kalinin Nuclear Power Station supplies the majority of electricity in the Tver region and additionally serves Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Vladimir. In 2005 the nuclear power station fed 17.3 TWh (62,000 TJ) into the grid. The station's four 150 metres (490 ft) tall cooling towers are local landmarks. They were manufactured in 96 concrete sections each.

By March 2009 the containment structure of the new Kalinin Unit 4 reactor was nearly complete.[1] The reactor achieved its first criticality on 8 November 2011.

No.2 generating unit's turbine room

Reactor data[edit]

The Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant has four units:

Unit[2] Reactor type Net
capacity
Gross
capacity
Construction
started
Electricity
Grid
Commercial
Operation
Shutdown
Kalinin - 1 VVER-1000/338 950 MW 1,000 MW 1977/02/01 1984/05/09 1985/06/12 2029[3]
Kalinin - 2 VVER-1000/338 950 MW 1,000 MW 1982/02/01 1986/12/03 1987/03/03 2031[3]
Kalinin - 3 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1,000 MW 1985/10/01 2004/12/16 2005/11/08 2034
Kalinin - 4 VVER-1000/320 950 MW 1,000 MW 1986/08/01 2011/11/24 2012/12/25 2042

References[edit]

  1. ^ Second layer of the reactor containment of the 4th unit of Kalinin NPP mounted, 13 March 2009, access date: 3 May 2009
  2. ^ Power Reactor Information System of the IAEA: "Russian Federation: Nuclear Power Reactors"
  3. ^ a b http://www.atomic-energy.ru/news/2012/09/26/36276

See also[edit]

External links[edit]