|8 Kalininskaya Line|
|Termini||East section: Tretyakovskaya - Novokosino;
West section: Park Pobedy - Delovoy Tsentr
|Stations||East section: 8; West section: 2|
|Daily ridership||452,000 (east section)|
|Opening||December 30, 1979|
|Line length||East section: 16.3 km (10.1 mi);
West section: 3.4 km (2.1 mi)
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in)|
The Kalininskaya Line (Кали́нинская ли́ния, IPA: [kɐˈlʲinʲinskɐjə ˈlʲinʲijə]) (Line 8) is two lines running separately of the Moscow Metro. It was opened as the eastwards Perovo radius lines in 1979 and presently has 8 stations for the eastern section and 2 for the western section. There is plan to join the two sections and form the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line.
The line's pilot stage, which would see it extending from Taganskaya through Lefortovo and into the eastern districts of Perovo, Novogireevo and Veshnyaki was opened for the 1980 Moscow Olympics. The line bears all traits of the late 1970s architecture and engineering. No longer pressed for economy designs and aesthetics, the architects were given full freedom to use advanced materials.
The engineers were able to introduce new designs, particularly for the Column stations of Marksistskaya and Aviamotornaya which were built without ventral crosspieces allowing a huge economy in time by abandoning the use of tubings. The shallow column station of Novogireevo further demonstrated its parting with previous centipede roots by increasing inter-column width from six to seven and a half metres.
What makes the line unique is its name, as it was originally named after partially passing the Kalinin district, which disappeared in the 1990s. Thus the line is the only in Moscow which carries the name of a figurehead, Mikhail Kalinin rather than the area it serves.
In 1986 the line's first extension opened, with the station Tretyakovskaya, the third cross-platform transfer in Moscow Metro was set up this way. It was planned for the line to continue and link up with the Arbatskaya station of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line, allowing it to be split and the old route Aleksandrovsky Sad—Ploshchad Revolyutsii route to be reused, whilst the Kalininskaya line, now operating to Kievskaya would extend southwestwards. (See Solntsevskaya Line for more details.)
This was not to be realised, and the western extension plans stalled for more than two decades due to the financial instability of the 1990s and other priorities.
|Marksistskaya–Novogireevo||December 30, 1979||11.4 km|
|Marksistskaya–Tretyakovskaya||January 25, 1986||1.7 km|
|Novogireyevo–Novokosino||August 30, 2012||3.2 km|
|Park Pobedy–Delovoy Tsentr||January 31, 2014||3.4 km|
|Total:||10 Stations||19.7 km|
|6||Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line||Tretyakovskaya (cross-platform interchange)|
|3||Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line||Park Pobedy (cross-platform interchange)|
The line is served by the Novogireevo depot (№ 12). 36 eight-carriage trains of the newest 81-760/761 model are running on the line. It was also served by one new 81-717.6K/714.6K eight-carriage train in 2007-2011 and by two 81-717.5M/714.5M in 2009-2011, but the most trains till 2012 were old 81-717/714, built between 1979 and 1983. In 2012-2013 all 81-717/714 trains were replaced by new 81-760/761 (called "Oka") trains. The last 81-717/714 train emerged on the line in April 2013.
Recent developments and future plans
The line currently exists as a single radius, but for a long time an extension through the city centre and then on westwards has been planned.
The first part of the Solntsevsky radius planned to be built will be between Park Pobedy and Delovoy Tsentr (with a transfer to Vystavochnaya). The stretch was opened in January 2014 and is not connected to the rest of Kalininskaya Line.
According to the most recent information, the stations to be built (from east to west) are:
- Volkhonka (with a transfer to Kropotkinskaya on the Sokolnicheskaya Line)
- Plyushchikha (with a transfer to Smolenskaya on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line)
- Kutuzovsky Prospekt
Further extensions to the west
In the future, there are plans to continue the Kalininskaya Line further to the west past Park Pobedy. Current plans call for the line to be extended through the Ramenki District with a station named Ramenki. From here the line will continue onward to a still-unspecified connection with the Third Interchange Circuit. This section is not planned to open until 2017.
- "Перспективы развития." Moscow Metro. Retrieved 14 Oct 2012.