Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line

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Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line[1] (Russian: Калининско-Солнцевская линия, IPA: [kəˈlʲinʲɪnskə ˈsont͡səfskɐjə ˈlʲinʲijə]) is a future Moscow Metro line. It will be part of the Kalininskaya Line, and will extend to the Solntsevo District as an extension of the Kalininskaya Line.

Project history[edit]

Most of the current Western Administrative District became part of the city of Moscow in 1960, with the district of Solntsevo (located beyond the MKAD) added in 1984 and redeveloped as a typical residential district. Since the completion of the Frunzesnky and Filyovsky radii ended in the mid 1960s, and now a vast region of the city has been left without a Metro service.

Original plan[edit]

The original plan of introducing this service was to utilize the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line by turning South and West from its western terminus at Kievskaya, and continuing along the Michurinsky Avenue all the way into Solntsevo. In doing so, the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line would cease to exist.

The planned Perovsky radius would dock with Arbatskaya and the deep 1953 section of the line would join the new Kiyevsko-Perovskaya Line, whilst the historic Aleksandrovsky Sad - Ploshchad Revolyutsii service would restart, creating a new Filyovsko-Izmaylovskaya Line. See map 1, 2.

This plan was never realized, partly because Moscow Metro was required in other districts and partly because the Filyovskaya Line's construction was such that it prevented a high-speed operation due to the vast amount of surface sections.

In 1984, Solntsevo became part of Moscow, and as a result of the overly congested center, Burdakov published an article in Pravda where he proposed a set of lines that would bypass the city center and the Koltsevaya Line. Eventually, Metrogiprotrans welcomed the idea and suggested a set of four lines that would pass outside the city center and collectively form a ring outside the city. This relieved primary congestion zones by offering passengers a second transfer contour and realized one of Moscow's most oldest pending plans—the second ring. see map.

Solntsevo was placed at the end of a Solntsevo-Mytishchinskaya Line, which will start in Mytishchi in the northeast, follow the Yaroslavl Highway until docking with VDNKh with a cross-platform transfer and then wrap around the city center on the north western edge of the city. The line will then follow its original tracks and continue all the way to Solnsevo and beyond the Vnukovo airport. The chord was planned to begin work in the mid 1990s; however the Soviet Union collapsed before any of those projects could be realized.

The dissolution of the Soviet Union brought severe financial trouble to the Metro, and the administration scaled back plans for additional major sections such as the second ring lines. As an alternative in the late 1990s Metrogiprotrans proposed a set of Light Metro lines to neighborhoods located beyond MKAD 02. The Butovskaya Light Metro Line was constructed from 2001-2003. Although initially welcomed, the design's drawbacks were soon apparent. Construction plans scheduled to begin in 2004 were delayed. In 2005, the plan was remodeled. In 2008 the project was cancelled altogether.

Сurrent project[edit]

By the mid-2000s, Moscow Metro was faced with two realities: an improving financial situation and a dramatic rise in commuter traffic. Consequently, in 2008, the Moscow Metro published a revised general plan, which effectively restored most of the outer ring projects from the 1980s. The new Solnstevskaya Line would begin at Park Pobedy and would then continue south, incorporating five stations: Minskaya, Mosfilmovskaya, Lomonosovsky Prospekt, Michurinsky Prospekt and Olimpiyskaya Derevnya. Once completed, it will likely have two or three stations located within Solntsevo itself.

The originally planned northern route is still under consideration, but an extension to the existing provision at Delovoy Tsentr would be more likely. Inauguration of the line is planned for 2015. It has also been suggested that the radius can be linked to the Kalininskaya Line and to Delovoy Tsentr.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS". Moscow Metro official site. Retrieved 2011-10-27.