Kalispell, Montana

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Kalispell, Montana
City
Kalispell looking toward Glacier National Park from Lone Pine State Park
Kalispell looking toward Glacier National Park from Lone Pine State Park
Location of Kalispell, Montana
Location of Kalispell, Montana
Coordinates: 48°11′52″N 114°18′58″W / 48.19778°N 114.31611°W / 48.19778; -114.31611Coordinates: 48°11′52″N 114°18′58″W / 48.19778°N 114.31611°W / 48.19778; -114.31611
Country United States
State Montana
County Flathead
Government
 • Mayor Sydne Streich
Area[1]
 • City 11.73 sq mi (30.38 km2)
 • Land 11.64 sq mi (30.15 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation 2,956 ft (901 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 19,927
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 20,972
 • Density 1,711.9/sq mi (661.0/km2)
 • Metro 93,068
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 59901-59904
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-40075
GNIS feature ID 0785622
Website kalispell.com

Kalispell (Ktunaxa: kqaya·qawa·kǂuʔnam, Salish: qlispél)[4][5] is a city in, and the county seat of, Flathead County, Montana.[6] The 2013 Census estimates put Kalispell's population at 20,972.[7] The Kalispell Micropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 93,068 and it is the largest city and commercial center of northwest Montana.[8] The name Kalispell is a Salish word meaning "flat land above the lake". Kalispell is also the gateway to Glacier National Park.

History[edit]

Main Street, Kalispell

Working using his own capital, Charles Edward Conrad, a businessman and banker from Fort Benton, Montana, formed the Kalispell Townsite Company with three other men.[9] The townsite was quickly platted and lots began selling by the spring of 1891. It was officially incorporated as a city the following year.[10] Since that time, the city of Kalispell has continued to grow in population reaching 19,927 in 2010. As the largest city in Northwest Montana, Kalispell serves as the county seat and commercial center of Flathead County. The city is considered a secondary trade center with a trade area of approximately 130,000. The city also is home to Kalispell Regional Medical Center, which boasts a 150-bed facility.[11]

Nestled in a valley, Kalispell is 31 miles (50 km) from Glacier National Park and 22 miles (35 km) from Hungry Horse Dam. Skiers have access to Whitefish Mountain Resort on Big Mountain and Blacktail Mountain Ski Area each 17 miles (27 km) away. Flathead Lake is 7 miles (11 km) away.[12]

The public schools offer classes in the Kalispel–Spokane–Flathead language, a language nest, and intensive language training for adults.[13]

Geography and climate[edit]

Kalispell is located at 48°11′52″N 114°18′58″W / 48.19778°N 114.31611°W / 48.19778; -114.31611 (48.197801, −114.316068),[14] at an altitude of 2,956 feet (901 m).[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.73 square miles (30.38 km2), of which, 11.64 square miles (30.15 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[1]

Kalispell is located 7 miles (11 km) north of Flathead Lake, which is the largest natural freshwater lake in the continental United States west of the Mississippi River.

Kalispell experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with long, cold and moderately snowy winters, hot and dry summers, and short springs and autumns in between. Nights are much cooler than daytime highs. Snow usually occurs from late October/early November to March.

Climate data for Kalispell, Montana (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 56
(13)
64
(18)
73
(23)
85
(29)
95
(35)
96
(36)
104
(40)
105
(41)
99
(37)
86
(30)
69
(21)
58
(14)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 29.1
(−1.6)
36.0
(2.2)
45.6
(7.6)
56.1
(13.4)
65.1
(18.4)
72.0
(22.2)
81.4
(27.4)
81.4
(27.4)
69.9
(21.1)
54.9
(12.7)
39.6
(4.2)
29.7
(−1.3)
55.07
(12.81)
Average low °F (°C) 14.4
(−9.8)
18.2
(−7.7)
25.1
(−3.8)
31.2
(−0.4)
38.5
(3.6)
44.5
(6.9)
48.0
(8.9)
46.5
(8.1)
38.4
(3.6)
29.4
(−1.4)
24.0
(−4.4)
15.8
(−9)
31.17
(−0.45)
Record low °F (°C) −38
(−39)
−36
(−38)
−29
(−34)
−8
(−22)
17
(−8)
26
(−3)
30
(−1)
30
(−1)
7
(−14)
−4
(−20)
−28
(−33)
−35
(−37)
−38
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.33
(33.8)
.96
(24.4)
1.08
(27.4)
1.24
(31.5)
1.97
(50)
2.56
(65)
1.44
(36.6)
.99
(25.1)
1.39
(35.3)
1.01
(25.7)
1.42
(36.1)
1.60
(40.6)
17.00
(431.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 13.4
(34)
8.5
(21.6)
5.7
(14.5)
1.9
(4.8)
.2
(0.5)
.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.0
(2.5)
8.9
(22.6)
15.7
(39.9)
55.8
(141.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 13.7 10.8 11.8 10.7 12.4 12.5 7.7 7.3 8.2 9.3 13.0 14.4 131.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 10.5 7.8 5.0 2.5 .3 .1 0 0 0 1.2 7.1 11.1 45.6
Source: NOAA (extremes 1899–present),[16] The Weather Channel [17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,000
1900 2,526 152.6%
1910 5,549 119.7%
1920 5,147 −7.2%
1930 6,094 18.4%
1940 8,425 38.3%
1950 9,737 15.6%
1960 10,151 4.3%
1970 10,526 3.7%
1980 10,648 1.2%
1990 11,917 11.9%
2000 14,223 19.4%
2010 19,927 40.1%
Est. 2013 20,972 5.2%
source:[7][18]
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
2013 Estimate[20]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,927 people, 8,638 households, and 4,944 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,711.9 inhabitants per square mile (661.0 /km2). There were 9,379 housing units at an average density of 805.8 per square mile (311.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.2% White, 0.2% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 8,638 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.8% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 34.5 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,223 people, 6,142 households, and 3,494 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,605.7 people per square mile (1,005.8/km²). There were 6,532 housing units at an average density of 1,196.7 per square mile (461.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.84% White, 0.28% African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population. 21.7% were of German, 12.0% Irish, 11.3% Norwegian, 10.7% English and 6.6% United States or American ancestry.

There were 6,142 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.209 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 24.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,567, and the median income for a family was $36,554. Males had a median income of $29,431 versus $20,122 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,224. About 10.1% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Kalispell is located at the intersection of U.S. Routes 2 and 93. Commercial air service is offered at Glacier Park International Airport, located approximately 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Kalispell off U.S. Route 2 between Kalispell and Columbia Falls.[21]

Kalispell City Airport, located in the southern part of the city, offers general aviation service.[22]

Amtrak's Empire Builder service between Chicago and either Seattle, Washington, or Portland, Oregon, is available in Whitefish, approximately 15 miles (24 km) north.

Eagle Transit, an agency of Flathead County, offers local transit service within and connecting Kalispell, Columbia Falls and Whitefish, as well as paratransit demand-responsive service.[23]

Agriculture[edit]

As of July 2014, one of Montana's last mint farms, growing peppermint and spearmint, is located near Kalispell.[24]

Local media[edit]

Kalispell is one of the largest media markets in Montana. It is the second largest over the air radio market in Montana, behind only Billings.[25]

AM radio
FM radio
Television
Newspapers
  • Daily Inter Lake[26]
  • Flathead Beacon[27]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-31. 
  4. ^ "FirstVoices: Nature / Environment - place names: words. Ktunaxa.". Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  5. ^ Tachini, Pete; Louie Adams, Sophie Mays, Mary Lucy Parker, Johnny Arlee, Frances Vanderburg, Lucy Vanderburg, Diana Christopher-Cote (1998). nyoʻnuntn q̓éymin, Flathead Nation Salish dictionary. Pablo, Montana: Bilingual Education Department, Salish Kootenai College. p. 75. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Kalispell (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  8. ^ "Flathead County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  9. ^ "History of the Courthouse". County of Flathead. 
  10. ^ "Brief History of the Flathead Valley". Flathead Convention & Visitor Bureau. 
  11. ^ "About Us : Kalispell Regional Medical Center : Northwest Healthcare". Nwhc.org. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  12. ^ "Kalispell Montana History". Kalispellmontana.com. 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  13. ^ "Language". Kalispel Tribe. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kalispell, Montana
  16. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  17. ^ "Monthly Averages for Kalispell, MT". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  18. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 128.
  19. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  21. ^ "City of Kalispell - Home". Kalispell.Com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  22. ^ Kalispell. "Kalispell airport information at Skyscanner". Kalispell: Skyscanner.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  23. ^ Flathead County Government. "Flathead County Eagle Transit". Flathead.mt.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  24. ^ Priddy, Molly (2014-07-06). "Creston man is one of Montana's last mint farmers". Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  25. ^ "Arbitron Radio Market Rankings - Fall 2011". Arbitron.com. 2009-10-14. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  26. ^ dailyinterlake.com
  27. ^ flatheadbeacon.com

External links[edit]