Kalix Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kalix Municipality
Kalix kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Kalix Municipality
Coat of arms
Kalix Municipality in Norrbotten County.png
Country Sweden
County Norrbotten County
Seat Kalix
Area[1]
 • Total 3,712.06 km2 (1,433.23 sq mi)
 • Land 1,807.67 km2 (697.95 sq mi)
 • Water 1,904.39 km2 (735.29 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 16,387
 • Density 4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Norrbotten
Municipal code 2514
Website www.kalix.se

Kalix Municipality (Swedish: Kalix kommun, Finnish: Kainuun kunta) is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Kalix.

In 1924 Töre Municipality was detached from Nederkalix Municipality, forming a municipality of its own. In 1967 the two units were reunified, and the present municipality was created.

History[edit]

In historical times, Kalix was the name of the court district (Swedish: domsaga) Kalix Lower Court District. It covered two parishes: Lower and Upper Kalix (Swedish: Nederkalix and Överkalix, respectively). The chalice on the coat of arms was present in the Nederkalix coat of arms in 1800, and was incorporated into that of Kalix Municipality in 1989. The choice of symbol originates from the similarity between the Latin root of chalice, calix, and the local sami pronunciation of Gáláseatnu, an ancient name for the Kalix river.[3]

Localities[edit]

There are twelve localities (or urban areas) in Kalix Municipality:[4]

# Locality Population
1 Kalix 7,312
2 Töre 1,146
3 Rolfs 1,116
4 Nyborg 881
5 Risögrund 782
6 Sangis 612
7 Karlsborg 419
8 Bredviken 374
9 Båtskärsnäs 340
10 Gammelgården 307
11 Morjärv 297
12 Påläng 291

The municipal seat in bold

Language[edit]

The extent of the Kalix Municipality is based on the traditional extent of the Kalix Language, although slight dialectal differences can be found from Sangis in the east, Töre in the west and Övermorjärv in the north.[5] Today it is spoken along with Sami, Finnish, Meänkieli, Upper Kalix Language, and the national standard language Swedish, which has replaced the Kalix Language as common language in every day life. Like other North Germanic languages the Kalix Language origins from Old Norse and Proto-Norse, spoken by immigrating Germanic settlers during the Viking Age.

Sister city[edit]

Kalix Municipality has one sister city:

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.kalix.se/templates/Page____802.aspx
  4. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005
  5. ^ Folkmålet i Nederkalix och Töre socknar (174 pages), Hulda Rutberg 1924

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 65°51′N 23°10′E / 65.850°N 23.167°E / 65.850; 23.167