Kalleshwara Temple, Hire Hadagali

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Kalleshwara Temple
ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ ಹಿರೇ ಹಡಗಲಿ
Village
Kalleshwara temple (1057 A.D.) at Hire Hadagali in Bellary district
Kalleshwara temple (1057 A.D.) at Hire Hadagali in Bellary district
Kalleshwara Temple is located in Karnataka
Kalleshwara Temple
Kalleshwara Temple
Coordinates: 14°55′31″N 75°49′52″E / 14.92528°N 75.83111°E / 14.92528; 75.83111Coordinates: 14°55′31″N 75°49′52″E / 14.92528°N 75.83111°E / 14.92528; 75.83111
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bellary district
Taluk Hoovina Hadagali
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

The Kalleshwara temple (also spelt Kalleshvara or Kallesvara) (Kannada: ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ, ಹಿರೇ ಹಡಗಲಿ ) is located in the town of Hire Hadagali of the Hoovina Hadagalitaluk in Bellary district of Karnataka state, India.

Kalleshwara Temple[edit]

The temple was constructed by Demarasa, prime minister (or mahamatya) to Western Chalukya Empire King Somesvara I (who had the honorific Trailokya Malladeva or "Lord of three worlds"), who reigned from 1042–1068 CE.[1] Art historian Adam Hardy refers to the temple as Kattesvara and classifies it as a "close to main stream" Western Chalukya architecture (also called Later or Kalyani Chalukya), with the tower over the shrine being a later day re-construction. The basic material used for the original construction is soapstone.[2]

According to art historian Ajay Sinha, an old Kannada inscription (c. 1057) at the temple calls it Bhimesvara-Demesvara. The inscription gives information about the genealogy of the Chalukya dynasty and refers to Vikramaditya VI as a kumara (prince). Another old Kannada inscription (c. 1108) from the rule of Vikramaditya VI gives further details about the consecration of the temple by Udayaditya under the orders of Demarasa.[3][4] A third poetic Kannada inscription (c. 1212) on the premises belongs to the rule of Hoysala King Veera Ballala II.[5] The temple is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.[6]

Temple plan[edit]

Ornate porch entrance into Kalleshvara temple at Hire Hadagali

The temple is two shrined (dvikuta, though only one shrine has a superstructure or sikhara),[7] each with a sanctum (garbhagriha) and a vestibule (antarala) that connects to a common four pillared closed hall (navaranga or sabhamantapa, lit meaning "gathering hall"). In the original plan, a large "main hall" (mukhamantapa) existed, connecting the closed hall to the outside of the temple, form the southern direction. Outside the main temple complex, an open hall (called nandimantapa) containing a sculpture of Nandi (the bull, a companion of the god Shiva) has been converted into a shrine.[1]

The decorativeness of the outer walls of the main shrine and its closed hall exemplify Chalukyan art. Projections and recesses with niches have been created and used skillfully to accommodate pilasters whose niches contains Hindu deities in relief, depicting the gods Indra, Shiva, his consort Parvati, Lakshmi and others.[1] The doorway to the vestibule has artistic carvings of dvarapalas (door keepers), the goddess of love Rati, and god of love Manmatha. The door lintel (lalata) has an image of Gajalakshmi (Lakshmi flanked by elephants on either side). The eaves over the door has fine images of the Hindu deities Brahma, Keshava (a form of Vishnu) and Shiva.[1] According to Sinha, the exuberance of sculptural articulation seen here is actually a southern Karnataka Hoysala influence on Chalukyan architecture.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kalleswara Swamy Temple". Archaeological Survey of India, Bengaluru Circle. ASI Bengaluru Circle. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Hardy (1995), p331
  3. ^ a b Sinha (2000), p163
  4. ^ Sastry & Rao, Shama & Lakshminarayan. "Miscellaneous Inscriptions, Part 1, Chalukyas of Kalyani, no. 118". South Indian Inscription, Volume IX: Kannada Inscriptions from Madras Presidency. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  5. ^ Sastry & Rao, Shama & Lakshminarayan. "Miscellaneous Inscriptions, Part1, Hoysalas, no. 330". South Indian Inscription, Volume IX: Kannada Inscriptions from Madras Presidency. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  6. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Karnataka -Bangalore, Bangalore Circle, Karnataka". Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Foekema (1996), p25

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Kalleswara Swamy Temple". Archaeological Survey of India, Bengaluru Circle. ASI Bengaluru Circle. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  • Gerard Foekema, A Complete Guide to Hoysala Temples, Abhinav, 1996 ISBN 81-7017-345-0
  • Adam Hardy, Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation : the Karṇāṭa Drāviḍa Tradition, 7th to 13th Centuries, Abhinav, 1995, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7017-312-4.
  • Ajay J Sinha, Imagining architects: creativity in the religious monuments of India,University of Delaware Press, 2000, Cranbury, New Jersey, ISBN 0-87413-864-9

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