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Republic of Kalmykia (in red) on the map of Russia
Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), (Russian: Калмыцкая Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика; Kalmyk Oirat: Хальмг Автономи Советск Социалистическ Республик) was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian SFSR that existed at two periods of time. Its administrative city was Elista.
The Kalmyk ASSR was first established when the Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast (established November 4, 1920) had its status increased on October 22, 1935. Thereafter, the Kalmyk ASSR was re-established when the newly formed Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast (re-established in January 1957) had its status increased during 1958. In 1990 the declaration of the sovereignty and transformation of Kalmykia into the Soviet Republic was accepted. The ASSR existed until March 31, 1992, when its status was increased to a republic within the Russian Federation.
A minor planet 2287 Kalmykia discovered in 1977 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named after Kalmyk A.S.S.R.