Kaloi Limenes

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Kaloi Limenes
Καλοί Λιμένες
Location
Kaloi Limenes is located in Greece
Kaloi Limenes
Kaloi Limenes
Coordinates 34°55′N 24°48′E / 34.917°N 24.800°E / 34.917; 24.800Coordinates: 34°55′N 24°48′E / 34.917°N 24.800°E / 34.917; 24.800
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Crete
Regional unit: Heraklion
Municipality: Faistos
Municipal unit: Moires
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
Village
 - Population: 47
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Postal code: 700 09
Telephone: 28920

Kaloi Limenes or Kali Limenes (Greek: Καλοί Λιμένες [kaliˈ liménes]) is a village and port in the Heraklion regional unit, southern Crete, in Greece, located 82 kilometres (51 mi) south-west of the city of Heraklion. It has approximately 50 inhabitants.[2] It is known as a major bunkering spot for ships in the southern Mediterranean.[3]

History[edit]

Kaloi Limenes (meaning "Good Harbors", "Fair Havens") is a natural port near the southernmost point of Crete. It is close to the village of Lentas (ancient Levin), and the unexcavated remains of Lassea, a port for the ancient settlement of Gortys.[2]

Local legend [4] as well as biblical scholars [5] assert that Apostle Paul, in whose name a small church was built there (first in Byzantine times,[6] then restored in the 1960s), landed at Kaloi Limenes to preach the Christian faith in Crete. Other scholars claim that the commercial ship carrying Paul from Caesaria to Rome, as a prisoner of the Romans,[7] turned to the south of Crete to better sail under north-western winds and eventually had to take temporary refuge "at Fair Havens ... for a change in the wind."[8]

However, other historians and researchers[9] relate that Paul possibly landed further west, at Loutro, of the Sphakia region, where there is a chapel on the shore on which Paul is said to have baptized the first Cretan converts, or at Phoinikas ("Phoenix"), a small village in the bay west of Loutro.[10]

Bunkering[edit]

The port is the home of a major oil storage and terminal facility, located on the small island of Aghios Pavlos ("Saint Paul") at the port's entrance. The facility has four shore-based storage tanks containing fuel oil and gasoil, pumps of 1,000 cubic metres per hour capacity and three loading docks.[11] The terminal's maximum draft of 40 feet (13.45 metres)[11] enables the facility to handle oil tankers of up to approximately two hundred thousand metric tons of deadweight.[3]

Exact Location[edit]

34°55′39″N 24°48′21″E / 34.927601°N 24.805884°E / 34.927601; 24.805884[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ a b Prefecture of Heraklio: Kali Limenes from the Hellenic Resources Network
  3. ^ a b Kali Limenes information from InfoMarine
  4. ^ Kreta information from Crete-Kreta.com
  5. ^ Bible Maps
  6. ^ Captain T.A.B. Spratt, Travels and Researches in Crete, 1865, II 1-6
  7. ^ Bible Study.org
  8. ^ White, Jefferson Evidence and Paul's Journeys, Chapter: "Caesarea to Fair Havens", Parsagard Press, 2001, ISBN 978-0-9705695-0-9
  9. ^ Llewellyn-Smith, Michael The Great Island, Longmans, 1965; online edition Sunshade Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-95282-4-2
  10. ^ Fielding, Xan The Stronghold: An Account of the Four Seasons in the White Mountains of Crete, Secker and Warburg, 1953: "St Paul landed at the village of Phoenix after barely escaping shipwreck on one of his many propaganda tours. And when he did land he barely escaped with his life, for he was looked on as a busybody and promptly beaten up. The preaching of the apostle could hardly have endeared him to such happy-go-lucky pagans. That, at least, is what they say in Loutro today: and I can well believe it."
  11. ^ a b "O.W. Bunker & Seka to cooperate at Crete bunker station" Marine World, 22 January 2004
  12. ^ World Port source