Kalotina

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Kalotina
Калотина
View towards Kalotina
View towards Kalotina
Kalotina is located in Bulgaria
Kalotina
Kalotina
Kalotina
Coordinates: 42°59′44″N 22°52′7″E / 42.99556°N 22.86861°E / 42.99556; 22.86861Coordinates: 42°59′44″N 22°52′7″E / 42.99556°N 22.86861°E / 42.99556; 22.86861
Country  Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Sofia
Government
 • Mayor Lidia Bozhilova
Elevation 621 m (2,037 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 270
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2212
Area code(s) 07174
The medieval Church of St Nicholas in Kalotina

Kalotina (Bulgarian: Калотина) is a village in Dragoman Municipality, Sofia Province, in westernmost central Bulgaria. As of 2010 it has 270 inhabitants and the mayor is Lidia Bozhilova. The village is located at the border with Serbia, 55 km to the northwest of the capital Sofia, on the main highway and railway between Western Europe and Asia. Kalotina lies at 42°59′N 22°52′E / 42.983°N 22.867°E / 42.983; 22.867, 282 metres above sea level. Kalotina is known for the Kalotina-Gradinje border checkpoint, one of Bulgaria's busiest and best-known due to the proximity to Sofia. The Nishava River, a tributary of the South Morava, flows nearby.

The village was first mentioned in 1453 with its present name. In a 1576 source, it was referred to as Kalotine. Kalotina's name is the feminine form of an adjective derived from the personal name Kalota (Калота); it is an ellipse, as no noun is part of the name.[1]

The village has a medieval Bulgarian Orthodox church dedicated to Saint Nicholas built in the 14th century, during the rule of Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria (as indicated by an inscription in the church). It was richly decorated with murals, although they have been badly preserved. The church donors are thought to have been Deyan and Vladislava from the church in Kučevište, and the church was likely built between 1331 and 1334/7.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. p. 129. ISBN 954-642-168-5. OCLC 57603720. 
  2. ^ Николова, Бистра (2002). Православните църкви през Българското средновековие IX–XIV в. (in Bulgarian). София: Академично издателство "Марин Дринов". ISBN 954-430-762-1.