Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
|Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif|
|First Lady of Pakistan|
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
|Succeeded by||Sehba Musharraf|
6 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
|Preceded by||Shafiq Jahan Zia-ul-Haq|
|Succeeded by||Asif Ali Zardari
(as First Gentleman)
|President of the Pakistan Muslim League (Navaz)|
12 October 1999 – 10 October 2002
|Vice President||Tehmina Durrani
|Preceded by||Nawaz Sharif|
|Succeeded by||Shahbaz Sharif|
Lahore, Punjab Province, West-Pakistan
|Political party||Pakistan Muslim League (Navaz)|
|Residence||Punjab House, Lahore|
|Alma mater||Islamia College and Christian College University
( M.A. and PhD)
Begum Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif (Urdu: كلثوم نواز شريف; born: 1950—) PhD , is the wife of 12th Prime minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif, and was the First Lady of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from 1990 till 1993 and from 1996 till 1998.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2013)|
Kalsoom was born in Lahore in a respectable Kashmiri family. Her father, Medical doctor Hafiz Butt, was a well-known physician. Kalsoom Nawaz was educated at Islamia College where she received her B.A. in Elementary education in 1970. She as well attended the Forman Christian College University, and received B.A. in Urdu literature in 1972. Kalsoom Nawaz also holds an M.A. in Urdu poetry from Punjab University with a distinction. In 1976, Kalsoom completed her doctoral thesis where her thesis written on "Urdu Shayeri mein Fitrat Nigari 1857" (English: The Western Art of Poetry in Urdu language) from Punjab University. Her thesis contained the fundamental work on Western poetry and its influence to Urdu language and poetry. She is also the grand-daughter of the world famous and invincible wrestler, the Great Gama (maternally), who was also of Kashmiri origin.
Kalsoom avoided herself to involved in the national politics working for the advancement of women in Pakistan[further explanation needed]. During the years that her husband, Nawaz Sharif, twice became the prime minister or even led the opposition against the then arch-rival Benazir Bhutto, Kalsoom avoided getting involved in politics herself.
However, this was changed when Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharraf led a military coup d'état against her husband on 12 October 1999. Kalsoom was arrested by female member of Pakistan Army Corps of Military Police and immediately shifted to her local resident unlike her husband who was taken to Adiala Jail. Kalsoom, unlike most parties, bluntly called Musharraf an usurper[according to whom?]. Sharif named Kalsoom as the President of Pakistan Muslim League in 1999. Her outspoken criticism of the military authorities resulted in angry attacks from the government and alienated some sections of the Pakistan Muslim League. For instance, she once complained that many elements in the PML have not supported her, but rather opted for a policy of non-confrontation with the army. For months before the exile of Nawaz Sharif to Saudi Arabia, Kalsoom built a momentum for political activity. It paid off in the form of putting an end to the agony of her husband in jail.