Kalyan Singh

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Kalyan Singh
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Etah
Incumbent
Assumed office
2009
Preceded by Kunwar Devendra Singh Yadav
17th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
24 Jun 1991 – 6 Dec 1992
Preceded by Mulayam Singh Yadav
Succeeded by President's Rule
In office
21 Sep 1997 – 12 Nov 1999
Preceded by Mayawati
Succeeded by Ram Prakash Gupta
Personal details
Born (1932-01-05) 5 January 1932 (age 82)
Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Ramwati
Children 1 son and 1 daughter
Residence Aligarh
Religion Hindu
As of 20 January, 2009
Source: [1]

Kalyan Singh is an Indian politician from the state of Uttar Pradesh. Kalyan Singh was born to Shri Tejpal Singh Lodhi & Smt.Sita on 5 January 1932. He has for three times served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Kalyan Singh is known as a Hindutva hardliner and his role in the Babri Masjid demolition was controversial. The Liberhan Commission criticized CM Kalyan Singh and his government for pre-planned mannered events, misuse of power, attracting youth for support, and allowing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh to run the state government directly. The commission states that the state government had "systematically and in a pre-planned manner removed inconvenient bureaucrats from positions of power, dismantled and diluted the security apparatus and infrastructure, lied consistently to the high court and the Supreme Court of India and to the people of India to evade constitutional governance and thus betrayed the confidence of the electorate".[1] Addressing reporters in Etah, Kalyan Singh once said that he owns full responsibility for the demolition of the 16th-century mosque in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992, thus reigniting the controversial Ramjanmabhoomi dispute.

Political career[edit]

First term as Chief Minister[edit]

He first became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in June 1991.

Role in demolition of Babri Masjid[edit]

According to the chargesheet filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in the Babri Masjid demolition case, just after becoming chief minister, he, with his colleagues, "visited Ayodhya and took a vow to construct Ram temple there itself."[2] In October 1991, his government acquired 2.77 acres (11,200 m2) of land around the "Babri Masjid Complex" under a government notification for the purpose of "promoting tourism". In July 1992, the Sangh Parivar laid the foundation for the proposed Ram temple by digging around the Babri Masjid and filling the area with 10-foot (3.0 m)-thick layer of reinforced cement concrete. Kalyan Singh's government called it a "platform" for performing bhajans while the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) declared it as the foundation for Ram temple.[3]

Kar Seva was supposed to be conducted in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992 and he filed an affidavit in the Supreme Court that as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, he will not allow any damage to the mosque.[4] However, Kar Sevaks demolished Babri mosque on that day. Taking the moral responsibility, he resigned from the post of Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in the evening. Later, Union government dissolved Uttar Pradesh assembly.

Post-Babri politics[edit]

He contested assembly elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly in November 1993 from two constituencies, namely Atrauli and Kasganj and won from both. As Samajwadi Party-Bahujan Samaj Party combine formed the government in the state under the chief ministership of Mulayam Singh Yadav, even though the BJP won the most votes and increased its vote share[5] Kalyan Singh served as Leader of Opposition in the assembly.

He later served as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh again between September 1997 and November 1999. This government of his "insisted that all primary classes should begin the day with a worship of Bharat Mata and that Vande Mataram should substitute 'Yes Sir' during roll call".[6] In February 1998, his government withdrew cases against those who were associated with Ram janmabhoomi movement and said that a "Ram temple will be constructed at the same site if the Bharatiya Janata Party came to power at the centre".[7] He also promised to create Uttarakhand within 90 days if BJP leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister.[8]

On 21 October 1997, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) withdrew support to Kalyan Singh government. Kalyan Singh, who was already in touch with disgruntled Indian National Congress Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA), Naresh Agrawal, contacted him and Agrawal immediately rushed to his support with 21 other MLAs having hurriedly formed a new party, Vinay Sharam the Loktantrik Congress.[9] For this, he was given the energy portfolio in the new cabinet.

On 21 February 1998, his government was dismissed and Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Romesh Bhandari invited Jagdambika Pal to form the new government when the same Naresh Agrawal withdrew support to Kalyan Singh's government and became deputy chief minister in Jagdambika's short-lived government.[10] The order was stayed by a division bench of the Allahabad High Court which directed the status quo ante bellum to be maintained thus reinstating his government.[11] After this decision, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who had gone on fast unto death in protest against the governor's order called off his fast and said that the court's verdict was a "well-deserved slap in the face of the governor".[12]

Naresh Agrawal, who had become deputy chief minister in Jagdambika Pal's government, returned to BJP fold after the court order. When Kalyan Singh successfully proved his majority on the floor of the assembly with the support of Agrawal as well as some BSP rebels, Agrawal claimed that he had succeeded in proving that only his party could provide a stable government.[9] The BSP rebels were to be rewarded with ministerial berths[13] and this was duly done within days.

He left the party for the first time in December 1999 and returned to it in January, 2004 before the Lok Sabha elections.[14]

He contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections on the BJP ticket from Bulandshahar. Before the LokSabha election of 2009 he left BJP and contest election from Etah LokSabha seat as an independent and subsequently won it.

It has been reported that Kalyan Singh is expected to join BJP and is to be appointed as a Vice-President of Bharatiya Janata Party.[15] He has one son, Raj Vir Singh, who was also a Member of Legislative Assembly for one term.

The Liberhan Commission gave clean chit to then PM Rao but criticized CM Kalyan Singh and his government for pre-planned mannered events, misuse of power, attracting youth for support, and allowing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh to run the state government directly.[citation needed]

Defections[edit]

Second time, citing neglect and humiliation in the party, the former Chief Minister and national Vice President of the BJP Kalyan Singh resigned from his post and the primary membership of the party on Tuesday, 20 January 2009.[16] Next day after meeting Samajwadi Party leaders Mulayam Singh Yadav and Amar Singh, Kalyan Singh announced that he would campaign for the SP in the 2009 Lok Sabha polls.[17] Meanwhile his son Rajveer Singh, one of the main reasons of his disenchantment with the BJP, joined the Samajwadi Party.[18]

On 14 November 2009, Mulayam Singh Yadav said that the poor performance of the party at the Firozabad Lok Sabha by-election was due to the loss of Muslim support because of Kalyan Singh.[19] Snubbed by Mulayam Singh Yadav, former Uttar Pradesh chief minister Kalyan Singh on 15 November 2009, Kalyan Singh reaffirmed his allegiance to the BJP and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and indicated he was willing to rejoin BJP while his son Rajbir Singh resigned from SP. [20] In January 2010, he announced the formation of a new Hindutva-oriented political party, the Jan Kranti Party, but chose to take the role of patron while his son became the leader.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liberhan Commission#Findings
  2. ^ "Ruling on Ayodhya charge-sheet soon". Indian Express. 26 April 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  3. ^ "The 'Ram temple' drama". Frontline. July 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "Lessons of December 6, 1992". Indian Express. 6 December 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  5. ^ Kalyan Singh, Ayodhya and Hindu resurgence Niti Central - 25 November 2012
  6. ^ "Goodbye to Akhand Bharat". Indian Express. 5 January 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  7. ^ "Quicktakes". Indian Express. 3 February 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  8. ^ "Uttarakhand rhetoric fails to please". Indian Express. 22 February 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Sultan of somersaults". Indian Express. 1 March 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  10. ^ "Kalyan Singh sacked, Jagdambika Pal CM". rediff.com. 21 February 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  11. ^ "Court reinstates Kalyan Singh". rediff.com. 23 February 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  12. ^ "Vajpayee calls off fast, asks Bhandari to quit". rediff.com. 23 February 1998. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  13. ^ "BSP rebels may get berth in UP cabinet". Indian Express. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  14. ^ http://www.ptinews.com/pti%5Cptisite.nsf/0/1282C3B3B596ACAD6525754400391450?OpenDocument
  15. ^ "Kalyan Singh's homecoming to BJP after January 14". Times of India. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  16. ^ "Politics/Nation". The Times of India. 20 January 2009. 
  17. ^ "Kalyan to campaign for SP". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 21 January 2009. 
  18. ^ http://week.manoramaonline.com/cgi-bin/MMOnline.dll/portal/ep/contentView.do?contentId=5050928&programId=1073754912&pageTypeId=1073754893&contentType=EDITORIAL
  19. ^ Khan, Atiq (16 November 2009). "Kalyan Singh calls Mulayam an ‘opportunist'". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  20. ^ "Kalyan Singh's son Rajbir quits Samajwadi Party - The Times of India". The Times of India. 
  21. ^ "Kalyan’s son to lead new party". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 6 January 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
24 June 1991 – 6 December 1992
Succeeded by
President's Rule
Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, B S N Reddy
title/post subsequently held by-
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Preceded by
Mayawati
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
21 September 1997 – 21 February 1998
Succeeded by
Jagdambika Pal (de facto)
Preceded by
Jagdambika Pal (de facto)
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
23 February 1998 – 12 November 1999
Succeeded by
Ram Prakash Gupta