Kalyandurg

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Kalyandurg
కళ్యాణ్దుర్గం
Akkammagari Konda and surrounding Hills.
Akkammagari Konda and surrounding Hills.
Kalyandurg is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kalyandurg
Kalyandurg
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°33′00″N 77°06′00″E / 14.5500°N 77.1000°E / 14.5500; 77.1000Coordinates: 14°33′00″N 77°06′00″E / 14.5500°N 77.1000°E / 14.5500; 77.1000
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Anantapur
Founded by Boya Kalyanappa Nayaka.
Government
 • MLA Unnam HanumanthaRaya Chowdary Gaaru
Elevation 591 m (1,939 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 29,272
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website Kalyandurg Municipality

Kalyandurg, also known as Kalyandurgam, is a municipality and taluq headquarters located in the Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. It belongs to Rayalaseema region. It is located 63 km to the west of district headquarters Anantapur. It is 406 km from state capital Hyderabad to the north.

Kalyandrug consists of 53 villages and 20 panchayats. Varli is the smallest village and Kalyandurg (Rural) is the biggest village. Its altitude is 550 m.

History[edit]

Kalyandurgam was under the rule of Sri Krishnadevaraya and was a part of Vijayanagara Empire.

As per The imperial gazetteer of India, Rayadurg, Chitradurga and Kalyandurgam are the three important forts which were ruled by Boya Palegars. The name Kalyandurg came from Kalyanappa, who was a Palaegar in the 16th century. Kalyandurg was very turbulent during the Vijayanagar rule. This place is also famous for diamond kimberlites.

Kalyandurg taluk was formed in December 1893 by the British out of portions of Dharmavaram and of the Rayadurg taluk of Bellary. In March 2012 Kalyandurg became a municipality.

The interesting feature of the mountains are, mountains look like a lady sleeping from one end, and one of the mountains looks like Lord Vinayaka; this mountain is located to Akkamma Devi Temple, where the people from all the villages gather once in a year for rituals. Kalyandurg has one of the oldest Ramaswami temples. This temple is very famous. In the temple, the god Rama is in athma ram. This ram statue is naturally this is not humans sculpture statue. The Ramaswamy temple is constructed in Sri Krishna Devarya period and it is also famous for the Shiridi Sai Baba Temple.

Geography[edit]

Kalyandurg is located at 14°33′00″N 77°06′00″E / 14.5500°N 77.1000°E / 14.5500; 77.1000.[1] It has an average elevation of 591 metres (1942 ft).

Education[edit]

Government Junior College is located in Revenue Colony in Kalyandurg Town. This college has a junior college as well as a degree college. Also, this town has several private colleges and schools.

Hospitals[edit]

Kalyandurg has a government hospital as well as RDT hospital funded and run by Vicente Ferrer Foundation. RDT hospital serves as a general hospital located in Kalyandurg town. There are 130 beds in RDT Hospital.

Famous personalities from this neighbourhood[edit]

Kala Prapoorna Paidi Lakshmayya (April 26, 1904 – April 28, 1987): He was Indian Parliamentarian, actor, writer and administrator.

He was elected to the 1st Lok Sabha[1] from Ananthapur constituency in 1952 as member of Indian National Congress. He visited Russia as a Parliamentary delegation and drafted useful suggestions on Agricultural reforms. In 1957 Andhra Pradesh appointed as Commissioner of Endowments department. During his tenure he developed many Hindu temples in Andhra Pradesh. He took special interest in the development of Srisailam temple. Later on he worked as chairman of Srisailam Devasthanam.

He wrote some dramas and poetic works; important amongst them are Markandeya vijayam, Mahatma Kabir, Samsara Nauka, Sai Leelalu, Srisaila Mallikarjuna Mahatyam, Srisaileeyam. He was president of Rayalaseema Dramatic Association, Anantapur between 1944 and 1949. He wrote his autobiography with title Jnapakalu - Vyapakalu in 1954.

Andhra University honored him with Kala Prapoorna (honorary doctorate).

Dr. P.L. Sanjeev Reddy: Dr. Reddy, Ph.D., is from this region and a Retd. IAS and he has represented India in several International trade negotiations in WTO, Geneva, Issues of Socio-Economic Development in UNESCAP, Bangkok. He served as the principal secretary to the chief minister, Government of Andhra Pradesh, from 1988 to 1989. He was a special assistant to the President of India, National President of Council of State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation of India (COSIDICL).

Dr. Reddy has won several national awards for his managerial excellence in several fields. In 2002, he was awarded Golden Peacock Award instituted by the Institute of Directors, London for excellence in public service.

Politics - List of MLAs[edit]

Election - Year MLA Name Party
2014 Unnam HanumanthaRaya Chowdary TDP
2009 N Raghuveera Reddy INC
2004 B.C.Govindappa TDP
1999 A. Saradamba TDP
1994 B.C.Govindappa TDP
1989 Lakshmi Devi M. INC
1987 B.C.Govindappa TDP
1985 Pakkeerappa CPI
1983 T. C. Mareppa IND
1978 Hindi Narasappa JNP
1972 M. Lakshmi Devi INC
1967 T.C. Mareppa IND
1962 Hindi Narasappa INC

References[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=ImooAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://rdtfvf.org/what-we-do/rural-hospitals/