Kalyazin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 57°14′N 37°51′E / 57.233°N 37.850°E / 57.233; 37.850

The Flooded Belfry is a part of the church flooded during the Stalinist era and the most eye-catching landmark of Kalyazin

Kalyazin (Russian: Каля́зин) is a town and the administrative center of Kalyazinsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the Volga River, 25 kilometers (16 mi) southeast of Kashin, 110 kilometers (68 mi) north of Sergiyev Posad, and 55 kilometers (34 mi) southwest of Uglich (by highway). Population: 13,867 (2010 Census);[1] 14,820 (2002 Census);[2] 15,544 (1989 Census).[3]

Kalyazin appeared in the 12th century as a sloboda (a settlement for people relieved from paying taxes). The town's importance grew significantly with the foundation of the Makaryevsky Monastery on the opposite bank of the Volga in the 15th century. This abbey used to be the most conspicuous landmark of Kalyazin and comprised numerous buildings of historic interest, including a refectory from 1525.

In 1940, the monastery and most of the old town were flooded during the construction of the Uglich Hydroelectric Station, which created the Uglich Reservoir. After that, the town was effectively relocated to a new, higher spot.

On November 19, 2001, a chartered IRS Aero Ilyushin Il-18 airplane crashed in Kalyazin, Russia killing all twenty-seven on board.[4]

On August 26, 2010, dozens of Central Asian guest workers were deported from the town after mass clashes with the locals.[5] Their construction site jobs were given to locals instead.[6]

Railway station[edit]

Kalyazin is home to one of the largest railway stations in Tver Oblast. Trains from St. Petersburg, Moscow (Savyolovsky Terminal), Kashin, Uglich, Rybinsk, Sonkovo, Savyolovo, and other major locations pass through the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.1tv.ru/news/world/128531
  5. ^ "A ‘Kondopoga at the gates of Moscow’". 
  6. ^ "На стройке в Калязине Тверской области начали работать местные жители". 

External links[edit]