Kam Tin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kam Tin
Traditional Chinese 錦田
Kam Tin Heung
Traditional Chinese 錦田鄉
Chou Wong Yi Kung Study Hall in Shui Tau Tsuen, Kam Tin.
Kam Tin Tree House in Pak Wai Tsuen/Shui Mei Tsuen, Kam Tin

Kam Tin (Chinese: 錦田), or Kam Tin Heung (錦田鄉), is an area in the New Territories, Hong Kong. It lies on a flat alluvial plain north of Tai Mo Shan mountain and east of Yuen Long town. It was formerly known as Sham Tin (岑田). Administratively, it is part of Yuen Long District.

Many of Kam Tin's residents are from the Tang Clan, who are of the Punti culture, not Hakka as is often misattributed.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Tang Ching Lok ancestral hall in Pak Wai Tsuen, Kam Tin

Kam Tin is the origin of the biggest indigenous Tang Clan (鄧) in Hong Kong. The ancestor of indigenous Tang, Tang Hon Fat (鄧漢黻) settled his family from Jiangxi to Sham Tin in 973.

During the reign of Wanli Emperor (1572–1620) of Ming Dynasty, Sham Tin was renamed Kam Tin.

Features[edit]

Kat Hing Wai, is the most famous walled settlement located in Kam Tin. It is a compact village consisting mainly of narrow row-houses and temples separated by small winding alleys. The wall was erected to fend off pirates and bandits who were common in the area in the last millennium. It was the site of a rebellion against British rule in 1899.

There is also the Yi Tai study hall in Kam Tin. It was built by the Tangs for the local students to study for the Chinese civil servants qualifications. It also houses a temple to the god of study, Man Cheung.

Transportation[edit]

Kam Tin is served by the Kam Sheung Road Station of the MTR.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°27′13″N 114°03′59″E / 22.45361°N 114.06639°E / 22.45361; 114.06639