Map of the Volga watershed with the Kama highlighted
|Length||1,805 km (1,122 mi)|
|Source elevation||360 m (1,180 ft)|
|Avg. discharge||4,100 cubic metres per second (140,000 cu ft/s)|
|Basin area||507,000 km2 (196,000 sq mi)|
The Kama (Russian: река́ Ка́ма, IPA: [ˈkamə]; Tatar Cyrillic: Чулман, Latin: Çulman; Udmurt: Кам) is a major river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; in fact, it is larger than the Volga before junction.
It starts in the Udmurt Republic, near Kuliga, flowing northwest on 125 miles, turn northeast near Loyno for another 125 miles, then turns south and west in Perm Krai, flowing again through the Udmurt Republic and then through the Republic of Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga.
Among the Turkic peoples, Kama was known as Chulman, and was considered the origin of the Volga.
The overall length is 1,805 km (1,122 mi). The largest tributaries to the Kama are Kosa, Vishera, Sylva, Chusovaya, Belaya, Ik, Izh, Zay, Vyatka and Myosha Rivers. The cities situated on the banks of the Kama are Solikamsk, Berezniki, Perm, Sarapul, and Naberezhnye Chelny. It is located to the west of the Ural Mountains and is a fairly well used trade route.
Before the advent of the railroads, the Kama was connected by important portages with the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Pechora. In the early 19th century, Northern Ekaterininsky Canal connected the upper Kama with the Vychegda River (a tributary of the Northern Dvina), but was mostly abandoned after just a few years due to low use.
The Kama was featured in the 2013 Russian film The Geographer Drank His Globe Away, in the climactic rapids scene.
Dams and reservoirs
The Kama is dammed at several locations:
- At Perm, by the dam of the Kama Hydroelectric Station, forming the Kama Reservoir;
- At Chaykovsky, by the dam of the Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station, forming the Votkinsk Reservoir;
- At Naberezhnye Chelny, by the dam of the Nizhnekamsk Hydroelectric Station, forming the Nizhnekamsk Reservoir.
View in Yelabuga.