Kama River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 55°21′50″N 49°59′52″E / 55.36389°N 49.99778°E / 55.36389; 49.99778

Kama
Kamarivermap.png
Map of the Volga watershed with the Kama highlighted
Origin Udmurtia
Mouth Volga River
Basin countries Russia
Length 1,805 km (1,122 mi)
Source elevation 360 m (1,180 ft)
Avg. discharge 4,100 cubic metres per second (140,000 cu ft/s)
Basin area 507,000 km2 (196,000 sq mi)

The Kama (Russian: река́ Ка́ма, IPA: [ˈkamə]; Tatar Cyrillic: Чулман, Latin: Çulman; Udmurt: Кам) is a major river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; in fact, it is larger than the Volga before junction.

It starts in the Udmurt Republic, near Kuliga, flowing northwest on 125 miles, turn northeast near Loyno for another 125 miles, then turns south and west in Perm Krai, flowing again through the Udmurt Republic and then through the Republic of Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga.

Its length is 1,805 km (1,122 mi).[1]

Kama River (4x3 photo).jpg

Before the advent of the railroads, the Kama was connected by important portages with the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Pechora. In the early 19th century, Northern Ekaterininsky Canal connected the upper Kama with the Vychegda River (a tributary of the Northern Dvina), but was mostly abandoned after just a few years due to low use.

The Kama was featured in the 2013 Russian film The Geographer Drank His Globe Away, in the climactic rapids scene.

Dams and reservoirs[edit]

The Kama is dammed at several locations:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of Kama River in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links[edit]