|Studio album by Q-Tip|
|Released||September 15, 2009|
|Genre||Neo soul, jazz fusion, funk, hip hop|
Artwork of shelved issue
|Singles from Kamaal/The Abstract|
Kamaal/The Abstract is the third studio album by American hip hop artist Q-Tip, released September 15, 2009, on Battery Records. Recorded in 2001, the album is a departure from his solo debut album Amplified (1999). Kamaal/The Abstract is an eclectic fusion album that features Q-Tip rapping, singing, and exploring his jazz musical influences. The album contains introspective and life-related lyrical themes.
The album was originally planned for release in 2002 as the follow-up to Amplified. However, it was shelved by Q-Tip's record label at the time, Arista, who doubted its commercial potential. It eventually leaked onto the Internet, while the distribution of promotional copies led several publications to run reviews of the album.
After its official release in 2009, the album debuted at number 77 on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, selling 6,000 copies in its first week. Upon its release, Kamaal/The Abstract received positive reviews from most music critics.
An eclectic fusion album, Kamaal/The Abstract serves as a departure from Q-Tip's debut album Amplified (1999), which is more mainstream-oriented in its style and production approach. The album has Q-Tip rapping, singing, and exploring his jazz influences. While it contains elements of hip hop, pop, and rock music, the album's improvisational sound is generally rooted in jazz and funk. The album's songs mostly feature loose arrangements that provide space for improvisation. Its instrumentation is characterized by electric piano, flute playing, deep organs, guitar-fuelled grooves, and improvised solos. On its musical style, music critic John Bush wrote that Kamaal/The Abstract "pays homage to the last gasp of organically produced mainstream pop in the '70s and '80s, paying a large compliment to Prince and Stevie Wonder".
The album has been compared by writers to soul and funk-oriented albums such as D'Angelo's Voodoo (2000), André 3000's The Love Below (2003), and Prince's Musicology (2004), as well as the hip hop/neo soul work of the Soulquarians collective. In his book To the Break of Dawn: A Freestyle on the Hip Hop Aesthetic (2007), music writer William Jelani Cobb cited Kamaal/The Abstract, along with The Roots's Phrenology (2002), Mos Def's Black on Both Sides (1999), Common's Electric Circus (2002), and the work of Jill Scott and Erykah Badu, as a "genre-bending" effort at musical expansion of hip hop.
Kamaal/The Abstract contains introspective lyrical themes. Opening with the album's only rock chord, the opening track "Feelin' It" is one of the album's few tracks with him rapping and it contains one verse about common life experiences and hassles. It introduces Q-Tip on his way to a recording studio, during which he is stopped by a police officer who profiles him: "This profiling cop with his profiling ass / Figured the best thing he could do was find a cat to harass. / The little kitten was me, not that one in the tree / The black one with the promise and the wish to be free". The lyrics are based on an experience that Q-Tip had with a policeman. John Murph of Jazz Times interpreted the song's verse as a metaphor for Q-Tip's struggles for absolute creative freedom without resulting in critical backlash. Tiny Mix Tapes's Brendan Mahoney interpreted the "profilin' cop" in the song as "another mundane and too-predictable distraction in a world full of them". On its relation to the album's theme, Mahoney wrote:
Kamaal is an album about sidestepping the cop and avoiding pettiness; the man is determined to overcome, any way he can. If that means letting the music speak for itself, then Tip doesn’t rap.—Brendan Mahoney
Songs such as "Blue Girl" and "Heels" demonstrate Q-Tip's female-identified perspective on Kamaal/The Abstract. "Do U Dig U?" has philosophically minded lyrics that deal with existential detachment. "Barely in Love" concerns the powerful nature of love with lyrics about two lovers that are together based on physical attraction. The album's closing track, "Even If It Is So", is an ode to single parenting and discusses a hard-working mother.
Release and promotion
Q-Tip began recording for the album after being signed to Arista Records by record executive Clive Davis. However, he was left to lobby the progressive project to Arista's new administration after Davis left the label. Originally scheduled for an October 23, 2001 release date, and later pushed back to April 23, 2002, the album was shelved by Arista, doubting its commercial potential. It was originally set to be released with the title Abstractions, which served as the title for the album's promo LP (2001). In an interview for The Village Voice, Q-Tip discussed his label history and the release of the album, stating:
Well, I was on Arista, and I was there with Clive Davis. They were about to kick him out of Arista, and he called me and was like, 'Q-Tip, you need to come to J Records. I have an artist by the name of Alicia Keys, and you and her would just be great'. And I really wanted to go there because I thought Clive was a visionary; he definitely is. I was telling him about the band I wanted to do and stuff like that. And then Lyor Cohen, who runs Atlantic, used to be with Def Jam, used to manage us, and he called me and said, 'Q-Tip, you're crazy if you fuck wit' Clive. You need to fuck wit' LA [Reid]'. So me listening to some stuff that I thought was sage advice, I did that, stuck with LA. I did an album, Kamaal the Abstract, and he dug it. It went out to press. People were really liking it. It was, at the time, some other shit, and I guess he just got cold feet.—Q-Tip
On his feelings towards its shelving, Q-Tip has stated "I am really disappointed that Kamaal wasn't released. LA Reid didn't know what to do with it; then, three years later, they release OutKast. What OutKast is doing now, those are the kinds of sounds that are on Kamaal the Abstract. Maybe even a little more out. Kamaal was just me, guerrilla". While it did not receive an official release, advanced promotional copies made their way into the public, leaking to the Internet.
In 2006, Q-Tip announced that he was in negotiations to regain control of the album from Arista/BMG and planned on officially releasing it in 2007. On July 1, 2009, Jive Records announced that it would release the album through its Battery imprint. The U.S. compact disc release was issued with the bonus track "Make It Work", and the double LP release was that song and "Damn You're Cool". The track "Barely in Love" was issued on September 1, 2009 as the album's first single.
Following its official release, the album debuted at number 77 on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, selling 6,000 copies in its first week. It also peaked at number 32 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, at number 12 on the Independent Albums, and at number 17 on the Top Rap Albums chart.
|The A.V. Club||B|
|Tiny Mix Tapes|||
Kamaal/The Abstract received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 78, based on 13 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Amid Kamaal/The Abstract's original planned release, promotional copies had been distributed and several publications ran reviews of the album. Allmusic writer John Bush gave it four-and-a-half out of five stars and considered it superior to Q-Tip's debut album Amplified. Slant Magazine editor Sal Cinquemani called the album "a genre-defying blend of nü-jazz, '70s soul, rock, and funk". Despite writing that it does not reach its potential, Karen R. Good of Vibe perceived it as a progression from Amplified and described it as "closer to the rooted, love-sexy album we, the people, expect from the musicologist". Entertainment Weekly's David Browne called the album "one of the most head-scratching albums ever made by a prominent rapper", commenting that it "feels like a worthy experiment abandoned halfway through; it doesn't end so much as nod off". Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club wrote that the album "sounds like the sort of disc that gets rappers released from their contracts … it's invigorating to listen to a relaxed and playful Q-Tip follow his muse ever further off the beaten path". Blender complimented Q-Tip's musicianship and gave the album four out of five stars.
The New Zealand Herald gave the album four out of four stars upon the album 2009 release, noting that Q-Tip "came up with something timeless then – and nine years on it sounds fresh, inventive and cosmic", and adding that the album has a "unique coolness to it and it still sounds ahead of its time in 2009". However, critic Robert Christgau gave the album a B- rating and named it "dud of the month" in his consumer guide for MSN Music, indicating "a bad record whose details rarely merit further thought". Christgau perceived that most of the tracks are musically incomplete and commented that "In the narrow sense of rhythm tracks, the beats have some ass to them, but as music they revert to fusion kitsch whenever the artiste sees an opening". Pitchfork Media's David Drake commented that "Kamaal the Abstract is not a great record by any means. But it is an interesting one, a unique effort by an artist struggling to mesh [jazz and hip hop]", viewing that "each track is a loose framework of unfulfilled promise". William Grant of Drowned in Sound viewed that it "seems a bit aimless at times", but ultimately praised its diverse sound and gave it an eight out of 10 rating. Dave Heaton of PopMatters commented that the album is "mainly about feeling. There’s no storytelling meat to the songs, less wit, not much of Q-Tip’s creative approach to language. It’s mostly about riding the groove, and that Q-Tip does well".
All tracks were produced by Q-Tip.
|1.||"Feelin"||Fareed, C. Sholar||4:32|
|2.||"Do You Dig U?" (featuring Kurt Rosenwinkel & Gary Thomas)||Fareed, Kats, K. Sholar||7:19|
|3.||"A Million Times"||Fareed, Kats||4:16|
|4.||"Blue Girl"||Barrett, Fareed, K. Sholar||5:20|
|5.||"Barely in Love"||Fareed, Kats||4:03|
|6.||"Heels"||Fareed, K. Sholar||3:07|
|7.||"Abstractionisms" (featuring Kenny Garrett a.k.a. Truth)||Fareed||5:19|
|8.||"Caring"||Fareed, K. Sholar||1:40|
|9.||"Even If It Is So"||Fareed, Kats, C. Sholar||5:30|
|10.||"Make It Work" (CD, LP bonus track)||Fareed, Rosenwinkel||3:59|
|11.||"Damn You’re Cool" (LP, iTunes bonus track)||Fareed||3:51|
Credits for Kamaal/The Abstract adapted from liner notes.
- Vic Anesini – material
- Jonathan Blake – drums
- Danny Clinch – photography
- Kamaal Fareed (Q-Tip) – synthesizer, bass, drums, keyboards, vocals, vocals (bckgr), bells, clapping, drum programming, drum overdubs, mini Moog, producer, engineer, executive producer, mixing
- Guyora Kats – bass, guitar, piano, guitar (rhythm), vocals (bckgr), clavinet, Fender Rhodes
- Aisha Morris – vocals
- Kenny Garrett- Alto Saxophone
- Kurt Rosenwinkel – guitar, guitar (rhythm), keyboards
- Chris Sholar – guitar, guitar (rhythm), vocals (bckgr), soloist
- Kelvin Sholar – organ, synthesizer, piano, Fender Rhodes, soloist
- Sun Singleton – vocals
- Steve Souder – mixing
- Gary Thomas- flute
- Denise Trorman – art direction, design
|U.S. Billboard 200||77|
|U.S. Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums||32|
|U.S. Billboard Top Rap Albums||17|
|U.S. Billboard Independent Albums||12|
- Thill, Scott (September 14, 2009). "Q-Tip, 'Kamaal the Abstract". Metromix. Retrieved on 2009-10-02.
- Murph, John (March 2002). "Q-Tip: Jazz, Blues, and the Abstract’s Truth". Jazz Times. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
- [dead link]
- Cusenza, Michael (September 17, 2009). "Q-Tip - Kamaal The Abstract". HipHopDX. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
- Mahoney, Brendan (September 28, 2009). "Q-Tip - Kamaal The Abstract". Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
- Phipps, Keith. "Long-Shelved Q-Tip Album to See Release in September". The A.V. Club. Retrieved on 2009-09-17.
- Hart, Ronald (September 12, 2009). "Kamaal the Abstract". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- Terich, Jeff (September 22, 2009). "Q-Tip : Kamaal the Abstract". Treble. Retrieved on 2009-09-22.
- Bush, John. "Kamaal the Abstract - Q-Tip". Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-09-15. See also: Entry page for 2009 release.
- Good, Karen R. "Q-Tip: Kamaal the Abstract". Vibe: 171–172. March 2002.
- Browne, David (February 7, 2003). "Canned Beat". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-09-15.
- Infantry, Ashante (September 15, 2009). "Kamaal the Abstract: Q-Tip". Toronto Star. Retrieved on 2009-09-15.
- Chick, Stevie (September 14, 2009). "Review of Q-Tip - Kamaal the Abstract". BBC Music. Retrieved on 2009-09-30.
- Cobb (2007), pp. 156.
- Zucker, Mark (September 21, 2009). "Album Review :: Q-Tip - Kamaal The Abstract". Moon & Black Music. Retrieved on 2009-09-28.
- Q-Tip. "Feelin' It", Kamaal/The Abstract, Battery, 2009.
- Saraceno, Christina (August 29, 2001). "Q-Tip Gets Abstract". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2009-10-28.
- Staff (January 29, 2007). "Inventory: 11 Intriguing Lost Albums". The A.V. Club. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
- Abstractions (vinyl). Q-Tip. Arista. 2001. QT 02.
- Breihan, Tom. "Status Ain't Hood: Interviews Q-Tip". The Village Voice. Retrieved on 2009-10-05.
- Micallef, Ken. "OPEN Abstractions". Remix Magazine. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
- Gormely, Ian (September 30, 2009). "Q-Tip - Kamaal The Abstract". Chart. Retrieved on 2009-09-30.
- Columnist. "Q-Tip Ushering in Creative 'Renaissance'". Billboard. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
- Tardio, Andres. "Q-Tip to Release Kamaal the Abstract". HipHopDX. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
- Kamaal/The Abstract (CD). Q-Tip. Jive, Battery. 2009. 88697-55519-2.
- Kamaal/The Abstract (vinyl LP). Q-Tip. Jive, Battery. 2009. 88697-55519-1.
- Concepcion, Mariel. "Song Debut: Q-Tip's 'Barely in Love'". Billboard. Retrieved on 2010-01-01.
- Kaufman, Gil. "Jay-Z Still Holds The Blueprint to Billboard #1". MTV. Retrieved on 2010-01-01.
- "Chart History: Kamaal/The Abstract". Billboard. Retrieved on 2010-01-01.
- Rabin, Nathan (April 29, 2002). "Q-Tip: Kamaal The Abstract". The A.V. Club. Retrieved on 2009-09-15.
- Brandt, Ben (2009). "Q-Tip: Kamaal the Abstract". Blender. Retrieved on 2009-09-15.[dead link]
- Christgau, Robert. "CG: Q-Tip". RobertChristgau.com. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- Drake, David (September 18, 2009). "Q-Tip: Kamaal the Abstract". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved on 2009-09-18.
- Heaton, Dave (November 19, 2009). "Q-Tip: Kamaal the Abstract". PopMatters. Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- Cinquemani, Sal (March 4, 2002). "Q-Tip: Kamaal the Abstract". Slant Magazine. Retrieved on 2011-04-20.
- "Critic Reviews for Kamaal The Abstract". Metacritic. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- Kara, Scott (October 17, 2009). "Q-Tip - Kamaal the Abstract". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
- Christgau, Robert (October 15, 2000). "Robert Christgau: CG 90s: Key to Icons". Robert Christgau. Retrieved on 2011-04-20.
- Grant, William (September 16, 2009). "Q-Tip - Kamaal the Abstract". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved on 2009-09-16.
- William Jelani Cobb (2007). To the Break of Dawn: A Freestyle on the Hip Hop Aesthetic. NYU Press. ISBN 0-8147-1670-9.
- Kamaal/The Abstract at Discogs
- Kamaal/The Abstract at Metacritic
- The Making of Kamaal/The Abstract — By Q-Tip
- Q-Tip's Return to Grace at The Root
- Q-Tip Finally Putting Out His Kamaal the Abstract 'Fusion' Album at MTV