Kamboj

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Kamboh
Regions with significant populations
India • Pakistan
Languages
PunjabiDogriHindiUrdu
Religion
HindusimIslamSikhism
Related ethnic groups
Muslim Kamboh

The Kambojs (Hindi: कम्बोज Kamboj, Urdu: کمبوہALA-LC: Kamboh, Punjabi: ਕਮ੍ਬੋਜ Kamboj), also Kamboh, is a community mainly in the Northern India and eastern Pakistan. Kamboj is frequently used as a surname in lieu of the sub-caste or the Gotra name by the Hindu Kambojs of India. Their Muslim counterparts living in Pakistan mostly use the last name Kamboh instead of the gotra name. A good many Muslim Kamboh are also found in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, especially in the town of Marehra, and call themselves Zuberis.

During Muslim rule[edit]

During the early years of Islam in India, one of the groups of this clan embraced Islam at the instance of Shaikh Bahauddin Zakariya Suhrawardi (of Multan) and his son Shaikh Sadruddin.[1]

Some Kamboj are known to have occupied key military and civil positions during the Turkic and the Moghul reign in northern India. "The Sayyids and the Kambohs among the Indian Muslims were specially favored for high military and civil positions during Moghul rule".[2][3]

Muhammad Umar writes:

The (Muslim) Kamboh distinguished themselves by their courage, generosity and high spirits. They were famous for their excellent manners and were particularly gifted with wisdom and nobility....In terms of social stratification, the Kambohs were counted among the Shaikhs.....Among the Indian Muslims, the Kambohs were regarded as the noblest of all. However, perhaps with a view to maintaining the purity of their descent, or because of pride of nobility, they confined their matrimonial relationships within their own groups and did not establish marriage connections with other Muslim groups including even the Saiyids and the Mughals. Some members of this clan like Shahbaz Khan Kamboh, Nawab Abu Muhammad Khan, Bahadur Khan and Nawab Khair Andesh Khan rose to high positions during the reign of Mughals.[4]

Present day[edit]

The Kambojs/Kambohs practiced weapon-worship in the past but the practice is now going out of vogue.[5]

Traditions[edit]

Hindu Kambohs claim to be related to the Rajputs. They came in the period of Mahabharat to the regions where they live now.[6]

Agriculturists[edit]

Numerous foreign and Indian writers have described the modern Kambojs/Kambohs as one of the finest class of agriculturists of India.[7]

The majority of Krishi Pandit awards in Rajasthan/India have been won by the Kamboj agriculturists.[8] Col Lal Singh Kamboj, a landlord from Uttar Pradesh, was the first Indian farmer to win the Padma Shri award for progressive farming in 1968.[citation needed]

List of notable Kambojs[edit]

Main article: List of Kambojs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muslim Society in Northern India During the Eighteenth Century, 1998, pp 24, 25 Muhammad Umar.
  2. ^ See: The composition of the Mughal nobility, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, 1993, p 70, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., Robert McHenry; See also: Concise Encyclopædia Britannica, Online.
  3. ^ The Mughal Nobility Under Aurangzeb, 2002, p 21, M. Athar Ali.
  4. ^ Muslim Society in Northern India During the Eighteenth Century, 1998, pp 24, 25 Muhammad Umar
  5. ^ Jatt Tribes of Zira, p 138
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Sikh Religion & Culture, 1997, p 24, Gobind Singh Mansukhani, Romesh Chander Dogra.
  7. ^ India and World War 1, 1978, p 218, DeWitt C. Ellinwood, S. D. Pradhan; The Transformation of Sikh Society, 1974, p 132, Ethne K. Marenco
  8. ^ Origin of names of Castes and Clans, 2004,Principal Sewa Singh.