Kamennogorsk

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Kamennogorsk (English)
Каменногорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Вид Каменногорска.jpg
Panorama of Kamennogorsk across the Vuoksa River
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Kamennogorsk is located in Leningrad Oblast
Kamennogorsk
Kamennogorsk
Location of Kamennogorsk in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 60°57′N 29°08′E / 60.950°N 29.133°E / 60.950; 29.133Coordinates: 60°57′N 29°08′E / 60.950°N 29.133°E / 60.950; 29.133
Coat of Arms of Kamennogorskoe GP.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Vyborgsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Kamennogorskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Kamennogorskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2013)
Municipal district Vyborgsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Kamennogorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Kamennogorskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 6,739 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Town status since 1940[5]
Previous names Antrea (until October 1, 1948)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 188950
Official website
Kamennogorsk on WikiCommons

Kamennogorsk (Russian: Каменного́рск; Finnish: Antrea; Swedish: S:t Andree), known as Antrea before 1948, is a town in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Karelian Isthmus on the left bank of the Vuoksa River (Lake Ladoga's basin) 170 kilometers (110 mi) northwest of St. Petersburg. Population: 6,739 (2010 Census);[3] 6,084 (2002 Census);[8] 5,694 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Location of Antrea in Finland between 1919 and 1940. The area transferred to the Soviet Union after the Winter War is shown in grey.

Human habitation in the area where Kamennogorsk now stands goes back to the Stone Age. In the beginning of the 20th century, a Stone Age site was discovered under a layer of peat. Findings at the site included wooden and flint implements, polished instruments of shale, remains of net of nettle fibers, sixteen fishing floats of piny bark, thirty-one stone plummets, a long bone dagger, and remains of nets with a length of 27 meters (89 ft) and a width of up to 3 meters (9.8 ft).

In the 14th-17th centuries, Antrea was a main administrative center of Karelian settlements on the upper Vuoksi. The name comes from Lutheran community founded in the 17th century and the church of St. Andrew.

In 1710, during the Great Northern War, the troops of Tsar Peter the Great included the whole area of the modern Vyborgsky District to Russia. In the course of Peter's second administrative reform, Antrea became a part of Vyborg Province of St. Petersburg Governorate.[citation needed] The 1721 Treaty of Nystad, which concluded the war with Sweden, finalized the transfer of this part of Old Finland to Russia.[10]

In 1744, Vyborg Governorate, with the seat in Vyborg, was established.[11] After several changes, Vyborg Governorate was renamed Finland Governorate in 1802.[11] In 1811, it was renamed back and included in the Grand Duchy of Finland, which was previously ceded to Russia by Sweden.[11] In Finland, it became known as the Viipuri Province. In 1918, the Viipuri Province became a part of independent Finland.[5]

Antrea, together with the rest of the Karelian Isthmus, was ceded by Finland to the Soviet Union by the Moscow Peace Treaty as a result of the Winter War. It was recaptured by Finns between 1941 and 1944 during Continuation War but was again ceded to the Soviet Union after Moscow Armistice. This secession was formalized after signing Paris Peace Treaty in 1947. The population was resettled to Finland, and population from Central Russia was resettled to populate the Karelian Isthmus.

In 1940, Antrea became a part of newly established was Yaskinsky District with the administrative center in the work settlement of Yaski.[citation needed] At the same time, it was granted town status.[5] At that time, it was a part of the Karelian ASSR (after March 30, 1940 of the Karelo-Finnish SSR).[12] On November 24, 1944, Yaskinsky District was transferred from Karelo-Finnish SSR to Leningrad Oblast.[6] To replace Finnish names of the localities with Russian names,[citation needed] on October 1, 1948, the district was renamed Lesogorsky and the town of Antrea was renamed Kamennogorsk.[6] On December 9, 1960, Lesogorsky District was abolished and merged into Vyborgsky District.[6]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with twenty-nine rural localities, incorporated within Vyborgsky District as Kamennogorskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Kamennogorskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Vyborgsky Municipal District as Kamennogorskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

A large quarry for extraction of grey granite is situated in Kamennogorsk. Also there is an offset paper factory, which before the war was used for producing sugar from sugar beets.

Transportation[edit]

The town has a railway station on the railway line connecting Vyborg and Khiytola (the old Vyborg–Joensuu railroad). Another railway branches up north to Svetogorsk; the continuation beyond Svetogorsk to the Finnish–Russian border is disused. All these railways are served by suburban trains. A new railway to Sosnovo and Losevo is under construction.

The town is connected by roads with Vyborg, Svetogorsk, and Melnikovo.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #17-oz
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 176. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Яскинский район (ноябрь 1944 г. - октябрь 1948 г.), Лесогорский район (октябрь 1948 г. - декабрь 1960 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "История Выборгского района, история Выборгской земли" (in Russian). Муниципальное образование Выборгский район Ленинградской Области. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География". 
  12. ^ "Карело-Финская ССР" (in Russian). Handbook of administrative divisions of Soviet Union. Retrieved March 12, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №17-оз от 10 марта 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований Всеволожский район и Выборгский район и муниципальных образований в их составе», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №27, 11 марта 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #17-oz of March 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formations of Vsevolozhsky District and Vyborgsky District and to the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).