Kamiesberg Local Municipality
Location in the Northern Cape
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Martin Klasae|
|• Total||14,210 km2 (5,490 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.72/km2 (1.9/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||5.3%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
Kamiesberg Local Municipality is in South Africa.
Kharkams village represents, in many ways, the typical village in Kamiesberg: the average education level is 6.7 years; electricity reached the village in 1999; water is available in nearly every house; villagers have access to health care once a week.
Sheep and goats are kept on villager-owned land between Kamiesberg's eleven villages.
Topography and climate
Kamiesberg municipality spans three topographic zones. The area stretches from the sandy coastal lowlands (Sandveld) to the mountainous central Kamiesberg escarpment (Hardveld), and to the eastern plateau of Bushmanland. There are no perennial rivers in the area. Water is obtained from subterranean sources. Some of the water is pumped up by windmills, but most of the water to the communal areas is from natural springs. Many of these springs are semi-perennial, and the salt content of the water can vary from year to year, causing problems. In 2003 the rainfall was 131 mm (5 in) in Springbok (100 km (62 mi) north of Kamiesberg). Rainfall has on average decreased from 1970 to 1994.
Soils and vegetation
Four main types of vegetation are found in the area: Mountains Renosterveld, Succulent Karoo, False Succulent Karoo and Namaqualand Broken Veldt. However, overall plant life is in a deteriorating state, and non-edible, undesirable and poisonous vegetation is taking over.
Sources of household income in Kamiesberg
A survey (2003) of three communal villages in Kamiesberg (only 74 saailande owners) showed the following sources of household income: wage labour (49%), government transfers (28%), small business (11%), remittances (6%), livestock income (3%) and farm income (3%).
Like every other municipality in Namaqualand, Kamiesberg is governed by formal institutions. The most important formal institutions are: Kamiesberg Municipality located in Garies, the Common Management Committee (Meentcommetee), the Old Local Council and Transitional Local Councils (TLCs).
The municipal council consists of seven members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Four councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in four wards, while the remaining three are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of four seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||2,701||2,705||5,406||54.3||2||2||4|
|Congress of the People||572||548||1,120||11.3||0||1||1|
- "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Municipal Demarcation Board South Africa
- "Kamiesberg Local Municipality". Census 2011.
- "Results Summary – All Ballots: Kamiesberg". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: Kamiesberg". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.