Kamiokite

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Kamiokite
General
Category Oxide minerals
Formula
(repeating unit)
Fe2Mo3O8
Strunz classification 04.CB.40
Crystal symmetry space group P63mc
Unit cell a=5.782Å b=5.782Å c=10.053Å
Identification
Formula mass 527.5 grams
Color black, gray
Crystal habit tabular
Crystal system Hexagonal
Twinning none
Cleavage perfect {0001}
Fracture even
Mohs scale hardness 4.5
Luster metallic, sub-metallic
Streak black
Diaphaneity opaque
Density measured= 5.96 g/cm3 ; calculated= 6.02 g/cm3
Optical properties anisotropic, uniaxial negative
Pleochroism distinct, gray to dark greenish gray
Other characteristics Rotation tints of brownish yellow
References [1][2][3][4]

Kamiokite is an iron-molybdenum oxide mineral with the chemical formula Fe2Mo3O8. The name kamiokite is derived from the locality, the Kamioka Mine in Gifu Prefecture, Japan, where this mineral was first discovered in 1975.[2][5]

Kamiokite is a hexagonal system with equal axes a1, a2, a3. These three axes of the kamiokite crystal are uniformly separated by 120°.[3] Kamiokite is an anisotropic mineral,[5] meaning that light travels through the mineral in different directions and velocities. Kamiokite is strongly pleochroic and is also birefringent.[4]

Kamiokite can be found as inclusions in domeykite, algodonite, and magnetite.[1] Kamiokite is associated with copper arsenides found in Michigan's Mohawk and Ahmeek copper mines. Although rare, kamiokite is predominantly found in mining environments and can indicate the presence of other minerals of interest, such as copper in the case of the Mohawk and Ahmeek mines. It is speculated that kamiokite can enhance the concentration of the copper it is hosted in.[6]

There are no known health risks associated with this mineral.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., and Pabst, A. (1983) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist, 68, 1038-1039.
  2. ^ a b "Kamiokite Mineral Data." http://www.webmineral.com/data/Kamiokite.shtml. Accessed 13 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b Klein, C., and Dutrow, B. (2007) The 23rd Edition of the Manual of Mineral Science, 194 p. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.A.
  4. ^ a b Hawthorne, F.C., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.S., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., and Vanko, D.A. (1988) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist, 73, 191.
  5. ^ a b "Kamiokite." http://www.mindat.org/min-2147.html. Accessed 13 September 2010.
  6. ^ Johan, Z., Picot, P. (1986) Kamiokite, Fe2Mo3O8, a tetravalent molybdenum oxide: New data and occurrences. Mineralogy and Petrology, 35, 67-75.