Kamo, New Zealand
Kamo is a small township north of Whangarei, approximately five minutes drive from the Whangarei CBD. The name is a Māori word meaning "eyelash", but has also been said to mean "to bubble up", referring to hot springs in the area. Mount Parakiore is a volcanic dome rising 391 m to the northwest of the town. It is about one million years old, and part of the Harbour Fault which also includes Mount Hikurangi near Hikurangi, and Parahaki in Whangarei.
The population was 7,038 in the 2013 Census.
Coal mining was an early industry in the area. Tunnelling first started in 1875, but it was not practical to carry the coal over the unmetalled roads to Whangarei wharf. In 1882 a short railway line was completed between Kamo and Whangarei to carry the coal. This was one of Northland's first railways. The railway still exists as part of the North Auckland Line. The mine closed in 1955, with the seams worked out. Limonite was also quarried at Kamo.
Kamo became a Town District in 1884, at which point it had a population of 410, slightly smaller than Whangarei.
The town was known for its hot springs in the early 20th century, although several people died of suffocation in covered baths between 1901 and 1920. The iron-rich water was promoted as a health tonic.
In the early 1960s the boundaries of Whangarei city expanded to include Kamo.
Kamo High School is a secondary (years 9-13) school with a roll of approximately 1470 students as of February 2009. The school was established in 1960. Kamo Intermediate is an intermediate (years 7-8) school with a roll of 637. This school has a friendly rivalry with its two neighbouring schools, Whangarei Boys' High School and Whangarei Girls' High School.
All these schools are coeducational. Totara Grove has a decile rating of 2. Hurupaki School has a decile of 8. The others all have a decile rating of 5.
Kamo Primary School opened in July 1873 in a private house. It had grown to 64 students by the time it moved into Kamo Public Hall in 1877. and it moved to its own building in 1881. In 1946, it moved to its present site. The older students were split to Kamo Intermediate in 1964. Kamo East School opened in 1966, and was later renamed to Totara Grove School.
Michael Hill (the jeweler) attended Kamo High School.
Park Kyung, a rapper and composer from South Korean boy group Block B, attended Kamo High School.
- Hurupaki Mountain, a mountain 1.5 kilometers from the township.
- Ngata Online Dictionary
- "Kamo Primary School - A Short History". Kamo Primary School.
- Bruce Hayward, Mike Isaac, Keith Miller and Bernhard Spörli (2002). "Introduction to Whangarei geology" (PDF). Geological Society of New Zealand. p. 27.
- The population shown is the combined population of Kamo East (Quickstats about Kamo East) and Kamo West (Quickstats about Kamo West).
- Pickmere, Nancy Preece (1986). Whangarei: The Founding Years. p. 144.
- "Mining and Mineral Resources - Coal". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966).
- "Mining and Mineral Resources - Other Metallic Ores". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966).
- Menefy, Diana (1994). Kamo: The Story of a Village. pp. 85–91. ISBN 0-473-02806-9.
- Pickmere, p 133 gives the 1881 date, but Menefy, p 91, says the land was purchased in 1883.
- Menefy, p 14
- "Thermal pools and spas - Leisure and pleasure". Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
- "Thermal pools and spas - Health benefits". Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
- "Whangarei". Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). 1995. p. 632.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Kamo High School". Ministry of Education.
- "School". Kamo High School.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Kamo Intermediate". Ministry of Education.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Kamo School". Ministry of Education.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Totara Grove School". Ministry of Education.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Hurupaki School". Ministry of Education.
- "Te Kete Ipurangi - Kamo Christian College". Ministry of Education.
- Menefy, pp 95-106
- Kamo High School website
- Kamo Intermediate website
- Kamo School website
- Kamo Christian College website