Kampala Capital City Authority
Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) is the legal entity, established by the Ugandan Parliament, that is responsible for the operations of the capital city of Kampala in Uganda. It replaced the former Kampala City Council (KCC).
The headquarters of KCCA are located on Nakasero Hill, in the central business district of Kampala, Uganda's capital city. The headquarters are immediately southwest of the Uganda Parliament Building. The main entrance to the KCCA Complex is located on Kimathi Avenue, which comes off of Parliament Avenue. The coordinates of this building are:0° 18' 54.00"N, 32° 35' 9.00"E (Latitude:0.315000; Longitude:32.585832).
During the last twenty years, the city of Kampala has faced a number of challenges including the following:
- High Population: Uganda's liberalised economy has attracted a high number of businesses to Kampala. Those businesses have attracted a high number of potential workers and their families to the city. Unofficial estimates put the daytime population of Kampala in the 2.5 million to 3 million range.
- Corruption: Corruption is a global problem, but over the last ten years in particular, the officials of the now defunct Kampala City Council have been particularly corrupt. Public property has been disposed of for personal gain and millions of shillings have been siphoned off into personal accounts.
- Garbage: The city generates an estimated 1,500 tonnes of garbage daily, but has capacity to pick up only 500 tonnes a day. This has caused garbarge to accumulate in neighborhoods, on street corners and in local markets with resultant health risks and other environmental concerns.
- Potholes: Most of Kampala's streets were constructed in the 1940s and 1950s. The majority have never undergone any repairs or renovatons since then. The city's roads outside the central business district are heavily potholed and in a high state of disrepair.
- Sewer service: Due to rapid population expansion, general disregard of proper urban planning and failure to adhere to existing construction guidelines, only 10% of the city's population are connected to the sewer lines of National Water and Sewerage Corporation.
- Construction: The economic boom has led to a mushrooming of both commercial and residential construction. However, due to either (a) total disregard of existing laws governing construction or (b) selective and lax enforcement of those laws, many buildings are built in road reserves, in gazetted wetlands and often without following established construction specifications. On a regular basis, buildings under construction collapse, killing or injuring construction workers, bystanders or both.
- Traffic management: Due to poor planning and lax enforcement of existing traffic regulations, combined with crumbling infrastructure, the traffic jams in Kampala are particularly chronic, intractable and a drag on the country's economy.
- Health services: Due to selective and lax application of existing public health laws, many public eating places lack health licenses or regular health inspections.
- Environment: There has been no effort to mitigate the environmental degradation visited upon the city by the rapid population explosion, including the destruction of green spaces and wetlands. Noise pollution and smog are also of particular concern.
- Stray livestock: Stray cattle, goats, sheep, dogs and chicken are common in Kampala. These animals pose traffic and other environmental concerns, but are also a health risk.
- Management of markets: The management of the city's markets is a highly controversial topic. The process is riddled with corrupt tendering processes, embezzlement and fraudulent activity.
In a nutshell, the affairs of the capital city of Kampala have been brought under the direct supervision of the central Ugandan government. The City Clerk, formerly the highest financial officer in the city is replaced by the Executive Director, who is answerable to the Minister for Kampala Capital City Authority. The current Cabinet Minister for Kampala, is Frank Tumwebaze. He replaced Kabakumba Masiko who resigned, following allegations of misapropriation of government resources, which surfaced in December 2011.
The elected mayor becomes the Lord Mayor, now a largely ceremonial position. Lastly, in addition to the politically elected councillors, the expanded KCCA Council has members from the following professional bodies, as full voting members:
- Uganda Institute of Professional Engineers
- Uganda Society of Architects
- Uganda Medical and Dental Practitioners Council
- Uganda Law Society
As of April 2014[update], the key officials responsible for KCCA affairs are:
- Frank Tumwebaze - Minister for Kampala Capital City Authority (2012–Present)
- Erias Lukwago - Lord Mayor of Kampala (2011–Present)
- Jennifer Musisi - Executive Director of Kampala Capital City Authority (2011–Present)
The Kampala Capital City Authority (yellow shirt police) have developed a reputation for corruption and heavy handedness. They target both locals and especially tourists for bribes on pain of jail for non existent or extremely minor offenses. Tourists are especially targeted around the Garden City Complex.
Kampala is divided into five divisions, each headed by a popularly elected Mayor. Those divisions are preserved under the new KCCA Law. It is not yet clear what the roles of those five mayors will be in relation to the Lord Mayor and the KCCA Executive Director. The table below gives the names of the relevant officials and their areas of responsibility: