The Kampala Convention (formally, the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa) is a treaty of the African Union that addresses internal displacement caused by armed conflict, natural disasters and large-scale development projects in Africa.
The Convention was adopted in October 2009. As of 2014 it has been signed by 39 and ratified by 22 of the 54 member states of the African Union (the Convention entered into force on 6 December 2012, 30 days after its ratification by 15 states).
Article 5(4) specifically establishes state responsibilities for the protection and assistance of internally displaced persons, whose displacement is the result of "natural or human made disasters, including climate change".
- "ICRC welcomes entry into force of Kampala Convention for displaced persons" (Press release). International Committee of the Red Cross. 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- "OAU/AU Treaties, Conventions, Protocols & Charters". African Union. Retrieved 2012-12-06.