Kampfgeschwader 1

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Kampfgeschwader 1
Active 1939 – 1944
Country Germany
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Branch Luftwaffe
Type Bomber Squadron
Role Tactical and Direct Ground Support.
Size Air Force Wing
Nickname Hindenburg
Engagements Operation Paula
Dieppe Raid
Battle of Dunkirk
Battle of Britain
The Blitz
Siege of Leningrad
Demyansk pocket
Battle of the Caucasus
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle of Kursk
Operation Bagration
Battle honours Polish Campaign
Battle of the Netherlands
Battle of Belgium
Battle of France
Battle of Britain
The Blitz
Eastern Front
Allied invasion of Sicily
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Josef Kammhuber
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Geschwaderkennung of
V4

Kampfgeschwader 1 (KG 1) (Battle Wing 1) was a Luftwaffe bomber unit during the Second World War. Heinkel He 111 and later Heinkel He 177 bombers.

History[edit]

Formed from Stab/KG 152 'Hindenburg' at Neubrandenburg on 1 May 1939. I./KG 1 was formed from IV./KG 152, II./KG 1 formed from I./KG 152 on 18 September 1939. III./KG 1 was formed from contribution of I and III./KG 1 on 1 December 1939.[1]

War time service[edit]

Polish Campaign[edit]

Initially the unit started out under Luftflotte 1 but moved to Luftflotte 4 on 8 September, before being moved back on 20 September 1939. Main targets included railways and troop concentrations. I./KG 1 took part in the Battle of Bzura.

Western Europe[edit]

I./KG supported the German Fourth Army in Belgium in May 1940. II./KG 1 supported the Fourth Army of Army Group B but also supported the race to the English Channel, attacking French targets threatening Army Group A. On 3 June 1940 II./KG 1 took part in Operation Paula as did III./KG 1.

Battle of Britain[edit]

Main article: Battle of Britain
A 7th Staffel KG 1 Heinkel He 111 on a mission during the Battle of Britain, 1940

I and II./KG 1 conducted operations over Britain. Both took part in Adlertag. III./KG 1 had little involvement and spent the campaign as a training unit.

North Africa and the Mediterranean[edit]

Italian Campaign[edit]

Commanding officers[edit]

The following commanded KG 1:[2]

  • Major General Ulrich Otto Eduard Kessler, 1 May 1939 – 17 December 1939
  • Oberst Ernst Exss 18 December 1939 – 12 July 1940
  • Oberst Josef Kammhuber 12 July 1940 – 17 July 1940 (acting)
  • Major General Karl Angerstein 18 July 1940 – 1 March 1942
  • Major Herbert Loch 2 March 1942 – 30 June 1942
  • Oberstleutnant Paul Schemmel 1 July 1942 – 14 August 1942 (killed in action 14 August 1942)
  • Major Hans Keppler 15 August 1942 – 3 September 1942 (killed in action 3 September 1942)
  • Major Heinrich Lau 4 September 1942 – 15 March 1943
  • Obstlt Horst Von Riesen 17 March 1943 – 25 August 1944

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ de Zeng et al 2007 (Vol 1), p. 13-19.
  2. ^ de Zenf et al 2007, p. 14.

Bibliography[edit]

  • de Zeng, H.L; Stanket, D.G; Creek, E.J. Bomber Units of the Luftwaffe 1933-1945; A Reference Source, Volume 1. Ian Allan Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-279-5

External links[edit]