Kampong Thom Province
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (September 2013)|
|• Governor||Hun Neng (CPP)|
|• Total||13,814 km2 (5,334 sq mi)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-6|
Kampong Thom (Khmer: កំពង់ធំ, IPA: [kɑmpɔːŋ tʰom] "Grand Port") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Siem Reap to the north west, Preah Vihear to the north, Stung Treng to the north east, Kratie to the east, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang to the south, and the Tonle Sap to the west.
Kampong Thom is Cambodia's second largest province by area. There are a number of significant Angkorian sites in the area. Just a few examples included are Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk and Prasat Andet temples. Kampong Thom is one of the provinces that border the Tonlé Sap Lake and is in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve.
The province is subdivided into 8 districts.
- 0601 Baray
- 0602 Kampong Svay
- 0603 Stung Sen
- 0604 Prasat Balang
- 0605 Prasat Sambour
- 0606 Sandan
- 0607 Santuk
- 0608 Stoung
Kampong Pous Thom (Port of the Great Snake) was the original name of the current Kampong Thom province. Historical legend has it that, at a lakeside dock near Sen River, a pair of large snakes inhabited a nearby cave. The people living around this area would see these snakes every Buddhist holiday. Eventually, the snakes disappeared, and the people of that area called it Kampong Pous Thom, later shortened to Kampong Thom. During the period of French colonization in Cambodia, the French ruled and divided Cambodian territory into provinces, and named them according to the spoken words of the people.
Kampong Thom was a powerful capital in south-east Asia during the Funan period. Kampong Thom has Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk that was famous during the Chenla Era.
Two of the three core areas in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve are located in Kampong Thom.
Kampong Thom province is rich in tourism potentials to attract tourists with its exotic lakes, rivers, forests, mountains and more than 200 ancient temples.
Much of Kampong Thom is located on the floodplain of the Tonlé Sap lake. In 2003–04, it was a significant producer of wild fish (18,800 tons) and the fourth largest producer of fish through aquaculture in Cambodia (1,800 tons). Most of the fish-raising is done by home production, with a growing segment devoted to rice field aquaculture.
- "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 – Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
- Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, p. 72.
- Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, pp. 78–81.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, The Fruit Crops: Agricultural Statistics, 2003–04, Phnom Penh, 2004.
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||Siem Reap Province||Preah Vihear Province||Stung Treng Province|
|Siem Reap Province||Kratie Province|
|Pursat Province||Kampong Chhnang Province||Kampong Cham Province|