Kampong Thom Province

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Kampong Thom
កំពង់ធំ
Province
Rice paddies in Baray.
Rice paddies in Baray.
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Coordinates: 12°42′N 104°53′E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883Coordinates: 12°42′N 104°53′E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883
Country  Cambodia
Capital Kampong Thom
Government
 • Governor Uth Sam An (CPP)
Area
 • Total 13,814 km2 (5,334 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 708,398
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-6
Districts 8

Kampong Thom (Khmer: កំពង់ធំ, IPA: [kɑmpɔːŋ tʰom] "Grand Port") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Siem Reap to the northwest, Preah Vihear to the north, Stung Treng to the northeast, Kratie to the east, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang to the south, and the Tonle Sap to the west.


The provincial capital is Kampong Thom City, a town of approximately 30,000 people on the banks of the Stung Sen River.

Kampong Thom is Cambodia's second largest province by area. There are a number of significant Angkorian sites in the area, including Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk and Prasat Andet temples. As one of the nine provinces bordering Tonle Sap Lake, Kampong Thom is part of the Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2]

Administration[edit]

The ancient temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk in northern Kampong Thom.

The province is subdivided into 8 districts.

History[edit]

The previous name of the provice was Kampong Pous Thom (Port/City of the Great Snakes). According to local legend, at a lakeside dock near the Sen River, a pair of large snakes inhabited a nearby cave. On every Buddhist holiday, the snakes would make appearances to the people nearby who then began to refer to the area as Kampong Pous Thom. Eventually the snakes disappeared and the name was shortened to Kampong Thom. During the Colonial Cambodia period, the French divided Cambodian territory into provinces and named most of them according to the local popular names for the respective areas.

Kampong Thom was a powerful capital in Southeast Asia during the Funan period.[citation needed] Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk, dating from the Chenla Era, is in Kampong Thom Province.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Two of the three core areas in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve are located in Kampong Thom.

Economy[edit]

The province is one of the largest producer of cashews in the country.

Kampong Thom Province is rich in tourism potential, attracting tourists with its exotic lakes, rivers, forests, mountains and more than 200 ancient temples.

Much of Kampong Thom is located on the floodplain of the Tonlé Sap lake. In 2003–04, it was a significant producer of wild fish (18,800 tons) and the fourth largest producer of fish through aquaculture in Cambodia (1,800 tons). Most of the fish-raising is done by home production, with a growing segment devoted to rice field aquaculture.[4]

Kampong Thom is also one of the largest producers of cashew nuts in Cambodia, with 6,371 hectares under production in 2003–04.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 – Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ http://www.tsbr-ed.org
  3. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, p. 72.
  4. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, pp. 78–81.
  5. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, The Fruit Crops: Agricultural Statistics, 2003–04, Phnom Penh, 2004.

External links[edit]